Gurutva: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Gurutva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vaiśeṣika

Gurutva (गुरुत्व, “heaviness”) is one of the additional guṇas (‘qualities’) added by Praśastapāda, on top of the seventeen guṇas in the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These guṇas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings.

Vaisheshika book cover
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Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Gurutva in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Gurutva (गुरुत्व, “heaviness”) or Gurutvaguṇa refers to one of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) according to Praśastapāda and all the modern works on Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika.—According to Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika, gurutva (heaviness) is the twelfth quality (guṇa). It is a general quality. Praśastapāda states in his bhāṣya that gurutva is the quality of water and earth and it is the cause of the act of falling. It is invisible but it is inferable through the action of falling. This quality is opposite of saṃyoga, prayatna and saṃskāra. Gurutva is eternal in the atoms of water and earth and non-eternal in the composite substances. Śivāditya gives the definition of it in his work that it is known as gurutva which has the generality of gurutvatva. It is the non-inherent cause of the first act of falling. It resides in only one substance.

According to Annaṃbhaṭṭa, gurutva is the non-inherent cause of the first act of a falling. It abides in earth and water. The word ādya is added in this definition to avoid over-pervasion to vega (velocity) because vega is the asamavāyikāraṇa of the subsequent falling.

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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Gurūtva (गुरूत्व):—Heaviness, Gravity

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Gurutva (गुरुत्व) refers to the “teacher’s being”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The plane of the One-footed (ekapāda i.e. the letter E) is where the Skyfarer is in the Skyfarer within the Cavity of the Hair. Śrīdeva is above Meru (the triangle above the head) (merupaścima) in the essential nature of the Void, which is the threefold measure (of energy). (This is) where everything consists of Space and is the Cavity (vivara), which is the nectar of Fire (vāḍava). There, above, in the Void is the supreme god. (He is) the moonbeam (candrāṃśu) that, well-fixed, oozes (nectar). The (energy of the) Full Moon (pūrṇamāsā) resides as the teacher’s being (gurutva) on the plane of the Skyfarer”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Gurutva (गुरुत्व, “heavy”) refers to one of the “eleven tangibles” (spraṣṭavya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 38). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., gurutva). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gurutva (गुरुत्व).—n (S) Weight &c. See and form from the adj guru. Adopted in science to render Gravity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gurutva (गुरुत्व).—n Weight. Gravity.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gurutva (गुरुत्व).—

1) Weight, heaviness.

2) Burden, trouble.

3) Dignity, greatness; U.6.19; लोके गुरुत्वं विपरीततां वा स्वचेष्टितान्येव नरं नयन्ति (loke gurutvaṃ viparītatāṃ vā svaceṣṭitānyeva naraṃ nayanti) H.2.46; Śi.16.27.

4) Respectability, venerableness.

5) The office of a teacher; Ks.19.

6) Importance.

7) Universal gravitation.

Derivable forms: gurutvam (गुरुत्वम्).

See also (synonyms): gurutā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gurutva (गुरुत्व).—n.

(-tvaṃ) 1. Sacredness, venerableness, respectability. 2. Greatness, magnitude. 3. Weight, heaviness. 4. Burden, trouble. E. guru and tva affix; also with tal, gurutā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gurutva (गुरुत्व).—[guru + tva], n. 1. Heaviness, [Pañcatantra] 247, 13. 2. Dignity, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 10. 65. 3. The condition of a teacher, Chr. 22, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gurutva (गुरुत्व).—[neuter] weight, heaviness, severity; prosodical length, importance etc. = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gurutva (गुरुत्व):—[=guru-tva] [from guru] n. weight, heaviness, [Suśruta; Raghuvaṃśa; Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] (in prosody) length (of a vowel), [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya xxiv, 5]

3) [v.s. ...] burden, trouble, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] severity, violence (of medical treatment), [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] dulness, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha xv, 158]

6) [v.s. ...] greatness, magnitude, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] respectability, dignity, venerableness, [Raghuvaṃśa x, 65]

8) [v.s. ...] the office of a teacher, [Mahābhārata v, 178, 44.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gurutva (गुरुत्व):—[guru-tva] (tvaṃ) 1. n. Greatness; sacredness; weight; trouble.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gurutva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gurutva in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Gurūtva (गुरूत्व):—(nm) see [gurūtā; —keṃdra] the centre of gravity.

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