Desika, Deśika, Deshika, Deśikā: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Desika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Deśika and Deśikā can be transliterated into English as Desika or Deshika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

Deśika (additional aspect of Subrahmaṇya, according to the Śrītatvanidhi) is the aspect in which Subrahmaṇya taught Śiva, his own father, the significance of the sacred syllable om. As a teacher he should be represented as possessing one face, six arms and as seated upon the peacock. His head should be adorned with a karaṇḍa-makuṭa; two of his hands should carry the śakti, one an akṣamālā and two others kept in the varada and the abhaya poses+ the remaining hand should perhaps be held in the chinmudrā pose.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Deśikā (देशिका).—Ordinary teachers.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 8. 5.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Deśika (देशिक) refers to an “Ācārya”, according to the Kiraṇatantra chapter 49 (dealing with vratacaryā).—Accordingly, “Garuḍa spoke: ‘You have taught me, O great Lord, the activities of the Neophyte, the Putraka and the Ācārya [i.e., deśika]. Tell me those of the Sādhaka’. The Lord spoke: ‘The excellent Sādhaka [should be] full of sattva, firm, capable of endurance, his mind fixed on [his] mantra, unassailable, of great wisdom, looking impartially on mud, stones and gold engaged, regular in [the performance of] oblations, always devoted to recitation and meditation, dexterous in the dispelling of obstacles, firm in [the practice of his] religious observance, calm, pure. [...]’”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Deśika (देशिक) refers to the “teacher”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] (The one goddess) bestows accomplishment in three ways (as) Ambā, Siddhā and Ghorā. Here (in this case, the goddess) in the transmission of the Child is Ghorā and Siddhā is said to be in the Middle One. The Vidyā called Ambikā is in the middle of the transmission of the Eldest. Raktā is in the transmission of the Current of the Eldest. Klinnā is in the Middle Transmission and the one called Nityā, who resides in the teacher’s mouth (deśikadeśikānāṃ mukhe sthitā) is in (the transmission) of the Child”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Deśika.—(SII 1), a [Jain] teacher. Note: deśika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

desika : (adj.) belonging to a country or province.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Desika, (adj.) (Sk. deśika)=desaka, su° one who points out well, a good teacher Miln.195. (Page 331)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dēśika (देशिक).—m S A Guru or spiritual teacher. 2 A sojourner, passenger, traveler, a wanderer in foreign lands.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Deśika (देशिक).—a. [deśe prasitaḥ ṭhan] Local, pertaining to a particular place, native, अदेशिका महारण्ये ग्रीष्मे शत्रुवशं गताः (adeśikā mahāraṇye grīṣme śatruvaśaṃ gatāḥ) Mb.4.47.23.

-kaḥ 1 A spiritual teacher (guruḥ) धर्माणां देशिकः साक्षात् स भविष्यति धर्मभाक् (dharmāṇāṃ deśikaḥ sākṣāt sa bhaviṣyati dharmabhāk) Mb.

2) A traveller.

3) A guide.

4) One familiar with places.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Deśika (देशिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A traveller, a stranger, a so-journer. 2. A Guru or spiritual teacher. E. deśa a country, &c. ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Deśika (देशिक).—i. e. deśa + ika, m. 1. A guide, Mahābhārata 7, 143. 2. A teacher, 13, 6847.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Deśika (देशिक).—[adjective] & [masculine] showing the way, guide, teacher.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Deśika (देशिक):—[from deśa] mfn. familiar with a place, a guide ([literally] and [figuratively]), [Mahābhārata i, 3599] ([varia lectio] daiś cf. a- [add.])

2) [v.s. ...] m. a Guru or spiritual teacher, [Mahābhārata; Agni-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a traveller, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Deśika (देशिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A traveller, stranger; a guru or teacher.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Deśika (देशिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Desia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Desika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dēśika (ದೇಶಿಕ):—

1) [noun] a man who guides, directs or advises.

2) [noun] a religious teacher.

3) [noun] a traveller.

4) [noun] a destitute or forsaken man.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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