Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.39

राज्यं मुमुक्षुर्मयि यच्च राजा तदप्युदारं सदृशं पितुश्च ।
प्रतिग्रहीतुं मम न क्षमं तु लोभादपथ्यान्नमिवातुरस्य ॥ ३९ ॥

rājyaṃ mumukṣurmayi yacca rājā tadapyudāraṃ sadṛśaṃ pituśca |
pratigrahītuṃ mama na kṣamaṃ tu lobhādapathyānnamivāturasya || 39 ||

'That the king should wish to surrender to me his kingdom,—this is a noble thought, well worthy of a father; but it would be as improper for me to accept it, as for a sick man through greed to accept unwholesome food.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.39). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Rajya, Mumukshu, Mayi, Asmad, Yat, Yad, Raja, Rajan, Raj, Tad, Tat, Api, Udara, Sadrisham, Sadrish, Sadrisha, Pitri, Pitu, Prati, Ksham, Kshama, Lobha, Apathya, Amin, Vatri, Idam,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.39). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “rājyaṃ mumukṣurmayi yacca rājā tadapyudāraṃ sadṛśaṃ pituśca
  • rājyam -
  • rājya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rājya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rājyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [nominative single from √rāj], [accusative single from √rāj]
  • mumukṣur -
  • mumukṣu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    mumukṣu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • mayi -
  • mayī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [locative single]
  • yac -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rājā -
  • rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    rājan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    rāj (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    rāj (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • apyu -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • udāram -
  • udāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    udāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    udārā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sadṛśam -
  • sadṛśam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sadṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sadṛśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sadṛśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    sadṛś (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • pituś -
  • pitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    pitu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “pratigrahītuṃ mama na kṣamaṃ tu lobhādapathyānnamivāturasya
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • grahītum -
  • grah -> grahītum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √grah]
  • mama -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṣamam -
  • kṣama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṣama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṣamā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṣam (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • lobhād -
  • lobha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • apathyānn -
  • apathya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • ami -
  • amin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    amin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vātur -
  • vātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.39

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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