Lobha: 30 definitions
Lobha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Lobh.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Lobha (लोभ) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in jurisdiction, referring to “greed for wealth”. It is mentioned as one of the causes for giving false evidence. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya 8.120)
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa
Lobha (लोभ) refers to “covetousness” (materialistic greed) and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the mental (mānasa) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”
Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (e.g., lobha) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.
The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Lobha (लोभ).—One of the spiritual sons of Brahmā. Matsya Purāṇa mentions that Lobha was born from the lip of Brahmā while Bhāgavata mentions that he was the son of Māyā.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Lobha (लोभ).—Born of Brahmā's lower lip.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 26; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 10.
1b) Born of Lambha and Māyā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 8. 3.
Lobha (लोभ) refers to “greed” (which is to be abandoned by forest-dwellers), according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.28. Accordingly:—“[...] soothening with kind words to Sītā, when eyes were blemished with tears, the virtuous Rāma spoke again as follows, for the purpose of waking her turn back: ‘[...] Anger (krodha) and greed (lobha) are to be abandoned by the dwellers of forest. Devotion is to be bestowed on asceticism. What needs to be feared, should not be feared. Hence, living in a forest is a suffering’”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Lobha (लोभ) refers to “(the urges of) avarice”, mentioned in verse 4.25 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] He, however, who desires welfare both after his death and here shall always suppress the urges of avarice, jealousy, hatred, envy, passion [viz., lobha-īrṣyā-dveṣa-mātsarya-rāga], etc. after having subjugated his senses [viz., jitendriya]”.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Lobha (लोभ):—Greed : insatiable desire for having something ; Excessive desire to acquire more than need.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsGreed; passion; unskillful desire. Also raga. One of three unwholesome roots (mula) in the mind.Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
M Greed, desire.Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama
Part of the Lobha Team.
Lobha is attachment. It is craving. It is greediness. It is clinging. It has many other different names like tanha, raga, samudaya, upadana etc etc. Oceans may even full with water but lobha never full with its desire. Lobha or tanha is one of two roots of wheel of life or paticcasamuppada.Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
Lobha (“Greed”).Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
'greed', is one of the 3 unwholesome roots (mūla) and a synonym of rāga and tanhā.Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas
Lobha, attachment or greed, is another akusala cetasika.
lobha can also be called be denoted as the following: Raga (greed), abhijja (covetousness) and tanha (craving).
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Lobha (लोभ, “greed”) refers to the “three roots of unwholesomeness” (akuśalamūla) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 139). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., lobha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Lobha (लोभ, “greed”) refers to a subclass of the interal (abhyantara) division of parigraha (attachment) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Amṛtacandra (in his Puruṣārthasiddhyupāya 116), Somadeva, and Āśādhara among the Digambaras and Siddhasena Gaṇin (in his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra 7.24) among the Śvetāmbaras mention fourteen varieties of abhyantara-parigraha (for example, lobha).Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Lobha (लोभ) refers to “greed”, and refers to one of the four passions (kaṣāyas) of creatures, according to chapter 4.5 [dharmanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—(Note: The direct counterpart of Lobha is Antoṣa or ‘content’).
Accordingly, as Dharma-nātha said in his sermon on the kaṣāyas:—“[...] Creatures’ passions are four-fold: anger (krodha), conceit (māna), deceit (māyā), and greed (lobha); and each of them is divided into sañjvalana, etc. [...] Greed (lobha) is the akāra of all faults, a Rākṣasa for devouring virtues, a bulb of creepers of calamities, injurious to all things. A man without money wants a hundred; the one with a hundred wants a thousand; the master of a thousand wants a lac; the possessor of a lac wants a crore; the owner of a crore wants to be a king; a king wants to be a Cakravartin; a Cakravartin wants to be a god; and a god wants to be an Indra. Even when the rank of an Indra has been attained, since desire is not checked, greed (lobha), though small in the beginning, grows like grass. [...]”.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
Lobha (लोभ, “greed”).—The renunciation of anger (lobha-pratyākhāna) refers to one of the contemplations of the vow of truthfulness (satyavrata) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.5.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
lobha : (m.) greed; covetousness.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Lobha, (cp. Vedic & Epic Sk. lobha; fr. lubh: see lubbhati) covetousness, greed. Defined at Vism. 468 as “lubbhanti tena, sayaṃ vā lubbhati, lubbhana-mattam eva vā taṃ, ” with several comparisons following. ‹-› Often found in triad of lobha, dosa, moha (greed, anger, bewilderment, forming the three principles of demerit: see kusala-mūla), e.g. at A. IV, 96; It. 83, 84; Vism. 116; Dukp 9, 18 sq. See dosa & moha.—D. III, 214, 275; S. I, 16, 43, 63, 123 (bhava°); V, 88; A. I, 64 (°kkhaya), 160 (visama°), cp. D. III, 70 sq.; II, 67; Sn. 367, 371, 537 (°kodha), 663, 706, 864, 941 (°pāpa); Nd1 15, 16, 261; J. IV, 11 (kodha, dosa, l.); Dhs. 982, 1059; Vbh. 208, 341, 381, 402; Nett 13, 27; Vism. 103; VbhA. 18; PvA. 7, 13, 17, 89 (+dosa), 102; VvA. 14; Sdhp. 52 (°moha), 266.—alobha disinterestedness D. III, 214; Dhs. 32.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
lōbha (लोभ).—m (S) Greedy or intense desire; cupidity, covetousness, avarice: also inordinate affection for; miserliness. 2 Affection or favor; kind regard or consideration.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
lōbha (लोभ).—m Greedy desire; avarice. Affection or favour, kind regard.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Lobha (लोभ).—[lubh-bhāve ghañ]
1) Covetousness, avarice, greed, cupidity; लोभश्चेदगुणेन किम् (lobhaścedaguṇena kim) Bh.2.55; परवित्तादिकं दृष्ट्वा नेतुं यो हृदि जायते । अभिलाषो द्विजश्रेष्ठ स लोभः परिकीर्तितः (paravittādikaṃ dṛṣṭvā netuṃ yo hṛdi jāyate | abhilāṣo dvijaśreṣṭha sa lobhaḥ parikīrtitaḥ) Padma P.
2) Desire for, longing after (with gen. or in comp.); कङ्कणस्य तु लोभेन (kaṅkaṇasya tu lobhena) H.1.5; आननस्पर्शलोभात् (ānanasparśalobhāt) Me.15.
3) Avarice personified (one of the six enemies of man).
4) Perplexity, confusion.
Derivable forms: lobhaḥ (लोभः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-bhaḥ) Covetousness, cupidity, intense or greedy desire. E. lubh to desire or covet, aff. ghañ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Lobha (लोभ).—i. e. lubh + a, m. Covetousness, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 178; [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 168.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Lobha (लोभ).—[masculine] greed, avarice, impatience, strong desire of ([genetive], [locative], —°).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Lobha (लोभ):—[from lubh] a m. perplexity, confusion (See a-l)
2) [v.s. ...] impatience, eager desire for or longing after ([genitive case] [locative case] or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] covetousness, cupidity, avarice (personified as a son of Puṣṭi or of Dambha and Māyā), [ib.]
4) b lobhana etc. See p. 905, col. 1.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Lobha (लोभ):—(bhaḥ) 1. m. Covetousness.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Lobha (लोभ):—(von lubh) m.
1) Gier, Habsucht: matsara iti lobhanāma [Yāska’s Nirukta.2,5.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 430.] [MAITRYUP.3,5.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch.2,178.3,51. 179.7,49.8,118. 120. 213. 219. u.s.w.] [Mahābhārata.3,12039. 15707.] [Rāmāyaṇa.2,58,24.3,49,10.] [Suśruta.1,12,19. 94,14.] [Sânkhya Philosophy 20.] [Yogasūtra.2,34.] [Spr. 1137. 1263. 2685. fgg. 4960.] [Amarakoṣa.2,7,52.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 18,306.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.1,15,37.] [Oxforder Handschriften 123,a,24.] [Hitopadeśa 10,10. 32,5.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 37,2.] jaṅgama [Dhūrtasamāgama 70, 3.] Personificirt ein Kind der Puṣṭi [Viṣṇupurāṇa 55.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 50, 26.] des Dambha und der Māyā [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 8, 3.] —
2) Verlangen nach (gen. loc. oder im comp. vorangehend): hayajñānasya [Mahābhārata 3, 2835.] kaṅkaṇasya [Hitopadeśa I, 4.] vane, phaleṣu [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 16, 24.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 121, 101] (sa adj.). apatya [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 161.] rājya [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 72, 14.] gīta [Spr. 2998.] ānanasparśa [Meghadūta 101.] [Śākuntala 15, 16.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 20, 19.] rūpa [Kathāsaritsāgara 33, 185.] pratipannārthalobhataḥ [18, 305.] [Hitopadeśa 10, 4.] — Vgl. a, ati, dhana, nirlobha .
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+9): Lobha Carita, Lobha Mula, Lobha Mula Citta, Lobha Team, Lobha-vijayin, Lobhabhipatin, Lobhadhamma, Lobhakrishta, Lobhalobha, Lobhamanjari, Lobhamohita, Lobhamula, Lobhamulaka, Lobhana, Lobhanauda, Lobhanem, Lobhani, Lobhaniya, Lobhaniyatama, Lobhaniyatamakriti.
Ends with (+3): Abhijjhavisamalobha, Alobha, Anulobha, Anulobhavilobha, Arthalobha, Atilobha, Dhanalobha, Krodhalobha, Labhalobha, Lambhitalobha, Lobhalobha, Nillobha, Nirlobha, Palobha, Pralobha, Pranatilobha, Rajyalobha, Rishyalobha, Salobha, Strilobha.
Full-text (+132): Dhanalobha, Alobha, Lobhaviraha, Lobhamohita, Arthalobha, Atilobha, Rajyalobha, Vilobha, Tanha, Atilobhata, Raga, Rishyalobha, Lobhakrishta, Lobhabhipatin, Lobhatman, Lobhanvita, Nirlobha, Akushalamula, Aspad, Krodha.
Search found 74 books and stories containing Lobha, Lōbha; (plurals include: Lobhas, Lōbhas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 16.21 < [Chapter 16 - Daivāsura-sampada-yoga]
Verse 14.17 < [Chapter 14 - Guṇa-traya-vibhāga-yoga]
Verse 14.12 < [Chapter 14 - Guṇa-traya-vibhāga-yoga]
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Nina Van Gorkom)
Cetasikas (by Nina van Gorkom)
Chapter 15 - Attachment < [Part III - Akusala Cetasikas]
Chapter 12 - Zeal < [Part II - The Particulars (pakinnaka)]
Chapter 23 - Different Groups Of Defilements Part III < [Part III - Akusala Cetasikas]
Conditions (by Nina van Gorkom)
A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas (by Sujin Boriharnwanaket)
Chapter 21 - Roots < [Part 2 - Citta]
Appendix 2 - To Cetasika < [Appendix]
Buddhist Outlook on Daily Life (by Nina van Gorkom)