Ksham, Kṣaṃ: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ksham means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣaṃ can be transliterated into English as Ksam or Ksham, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: Exploring Mantric Ayurveda

Kṣaṃ, the mantra of the Self, direct insight and represents the final stage of AUM through the Ajna Chakra between the brows as the third-eye or bindu.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣam (क्षम्).—[(u, ṣa, ñi) ñikṣamuṣa] r. 1st cl. (kṣamate) To bear or endure. (u, ira, bha irkṣamubha r. 4th. cl. (kṣāmyati) To bear or endure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣam (क्षम्).—i. 1, [Ātmanepada.] (in epic poetry also [Parasmaipada.]) and i. 4, † kṣāmya, [Parasmaipada.] (kṣamya, [Ātmanepada.], [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 3, 30), 1. To endure, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 21, 23. 2. To have patience, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 26, 25. 3. To pardon, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 23, 11. 4. To permit, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 64, 37. 5. To be able, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 65. kṣānta, Patient, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 158; n. Patience, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 34, 32. [Causal.] kṣamaya, 1. To beg one’s pardon for something (with two acc., literally, To cause somebody to endure something), Mahābhārata 3, 3017. 2. To endure patiently, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 49, 11.

— With the prep. sam sam, To indulge Mahābhārata 2, 1389.

— Cf. etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣam (क्षम्).—1. kṣamate (kṣamati & kṣamyate), [participle] kṣānta (q.v.) be patient or quiet, endure, suffer, bear, pardon, forgive ([genetive] or [dative] of [person or personal] & [accusative] of th., [participle] also kṣamita); be able to (infin.). [Causative] kṣamayati, te ask pardon for (2 [accusative]); endure, put up with ([accusative]).

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Kṣam (क्षम्).—2. (kṣām) [feminine] the earth; [instrumental] kṣamā on the earth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣam (क्षम्):—1. kṣam [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] kṣamate ([Epic] also [Parasmaipada] ti; [Vedic or Veda] [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] kṣamiti, [Pāṇini 7-2, 34]; [class] 4. [Parasmaipada] kṣāmyati cf. [imperative] [Ātmanepada] 3. sg. kṣamyatām, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 3, 30] [Pāṇini 7-3, 74]; perf. cakṣame, [Mahābhārata] etc., 3. [plural] mire, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]; 1. [dual number] cakṣaṇvahe & 1. [plural] ṇmahe, [Pāṇini 8-2, 65] [Scholiast or Commentator]; [future] 2nd kṣaṃsyate, ti, kṣamiṣyati; [Aorist] 2. sg. akṣaṃsthās, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]; [infinitive mood] kṣantum, [Mahābhārata] etc.),

—to be patient or composed, suppress anger, keep quiet, [Ṛg-veda x, 104, 6; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.;

—to submit to ([dative case]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii; iv];

—to bear patiently, endure, put up with ([accusative]), suffer, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa];

—to pardon, forgive anything ([accusative]) to ([genitive case] or [dative case]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (e.g. kṣamasva me tad, forgive me that, [Raghuvaṃśa xiv, 58]);

—to allow, permit, suffer, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa] ([Kuvalayānanda]);—(with [Potential]), [Daśakumāra-carita];

—to bear any one, be indulgent to, [Mahābhārata iii, 13051; Rāmāyaṇa iv, 27, 22; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcatantra] ([Passive voice]), [Hitopadeśa];

—to resist, [Pāṇini 1-3, 33 [Scholiast or Commentator]];

—to be able to do anything ([infinitive mood]), [Śiśupāla-vadha i, 38 and ix, 65];

—to seem good, [Divyāvadāna iv] :—[Causal] [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] kṣamayati, kṣāmayate, to ask any one ([accusative]) pardon for anything ([accusative]), [Mahābhārata; Bhagavad-gītā; Pañcatantra];

— (perf. kṣamayām āsa) to suffer or bear patiently, [Rāmāyaṇa v, 49, 11] (cf. kṣamāpaya);

2) cf. [Gothic] hramja (?) [Anglo-Saxon] hremman, ‘to hinder, disquiet.’

3) 2. kṣam f. ([nominative case] kṣās [accusative] kṣām [instrumental case] kṣamā once jmā [Ṛg-veda vi, 52, 15] [dative case] kṣe [? [Ṛg-veda iv, 3, 6]], [genitive case] [ablative] gmas, jmas, once kṣmas [Ṛg-veda i, 100, 15], [locative case] kṣami; [dual number] [nominative case] kṣāmā [Ṛg-veda ii, 39, 7; x, 12, 1]; cf. dyāva-kṣāmā; [plural] [nominative case] kṣāmas [Ṛg-veda viii, 70, 4]; kṣāmīs [from] mi, [Sāma-veda], kṣās [Ṛg-veda iv, 28, 5] [accusative] kṣās [Ṛg-veda x, 2, 6] [locative case] kṣāsu, [Ṛg-veda i, 127, 10 and v, 64, 2]) the ground, earth, χθών [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa vi]

4) cf. kṣmā; cf. also [Greek] χαμαί, χθαμαλός; [Latin] humus, homo.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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