Udara, aka: Udāra; 13 Definition(s)


Udara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Udara (उदर) refers to “abdomen”, “womb” or “stomach”. The literal translation is “cavity”, “hollow” or “the interior or inside of anything”. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Udara (उदर) refers to the “belly”. It is one of the parts of the human body with which gestures (āṅgika) are performaned, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

There are three ‘movements of the belly’ (udara) defined:

  1. kṣāma (thin),
  2. khalva (depressed),
  3. pūrṇa (full).

2) Udāra (उदार, “exaltedness”) or Udāratā refers to one of the ten merits (guṇa) of a dramatic play (kāvya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17. They are characterised by their sweetness and depth of meaning.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Udāra (उदार, “exaltedness”).—One of the ten guṇas (merits) of a kāvya (dramatic play);—Description of udāra: When the composition includes witty and graceful words having many special senses which are marvellous, it is an instance of Exaltedness (udātta, lit. “deep”).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Udara (उदर, “stomach”) refers to one of the nine “minor limbs” (pratyaṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Pratyaṅgas or the minor limbs consist of shoulders, shoulder blades, arms, back,  [Stomach, viz., Udara], thighs and calves; at times the wrists, knees and elbows are also counted among minor limbs.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Udāra (उदार).—One whose body is free from defects is called ‘avyaṅgāṅgī’; the term ‘avyaṇga’ standing for freedom from defects; just like such other words as ‘pravīṇa’, ‘udāra’ and the rest.

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Udāra (उदार) is a Sanskrit word referring to “exalted”, “upright” or “energetic”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

1) Udara (उदर, “belly”) is one of the parts of the human body from which the Buddha emitted numerous rays when he smiled with his whole body after contemplating the entire universe, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Accordingly, having himself arranged the lion-seat, the Bhagavat sat down cross-legged; holding his body upright and fixing his attention, he entered into the samādhirājasamādhi. Then, having tranquilly come out of this samādhi and having contemplated the entire universe with his divine eye (divyacakṣus), the Bhagavat smiled with his whole body. Wheels with a thousand spokes imprinted on the soles of his feet (pādatala) shoot out six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays. In the same way, beams of six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays are emitted from his belly (udara).

2) Udara (उदर, “belly”) (Pali, Usatiya) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., udara]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Udāra.—(CII 1), a person of high rank; a rich man. Note: udāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Udara in Pali glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

udara : (nt.) bell; stomach; interior. || udāra (adj.), noble; excellent; great; lofty.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Udāra, (adj.) (Sk. udāra, of which the usual P. form is ulāra (q. v.). Cp. BSk. audāra & audārika. ) raised, sublime, noble, excellent Dāvs III, 4 (samussit-odāra-sitātapattaṃ); DA. I, 50 (°issariya); Sdhp. 429, 591. (Page 134)

— or —

Udara, (nt.) (Vedic udara, Av udara belly, Gr. u(ζteros = Lat. uterus belly, womb; Lith. védaras stomach, See also Walde, Lat. Wtb. under vensica) — 1 the belly, stomach D. II, 266; Sn. 78, 604, 609, 716; J. I, 146, 164, 265; Miln. 213; PvA. 283; KhA 57, 58; DhA. I, 47 (pregnant); Sdhp. 102.—2. cavity, interior, inside Dāvs. I, 56 (mandir-odare). —ūnûdara with empty belly Th. 1, 982; Miln. 406, 407; cp. ūna.

—aggi the fire of the belly or stomach (i.e. of digestion) KhA 59; SnA 462; PvA. 33; —âvadehakaṃ (adv.) bhunjati to eat to fill the stomach, eat to satiety, to be gluttonous M. I, 102; A. V, 18; Th. 1, 935; Vism. 33. —paṭala the mucous membrane of the stomach Vism. 359 (= sarīr°abbhantara 261); SnA 248; KhA 55, 61. —pūra stomachfilling Vism. 108. —vaṭṭi “belly-sack”, belly Vin. III, 39, 117; Vism. 262 where KhA reads ud. paṭala). —vāta the wind of the belly, stomach-ache 9J. I, 33, 433; Vism. 41 (°ābādha); DhA. IV, 129. (Page 134)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

udara (उदर).—n (S) The abdomen or belly: also, popularly, the stomach. 2 Ascites, or enlargement of the abdomen from dropsy or flatulence: distinguished into jalōdara, vātōdara, matsyōdara, plīhōdara, sarpōdara, raktōdara. 3 Womb. Ex. mama udarā ālāsi sācāra || tariṃ kari ātāṃ mājhā uddhāra ||

--- OR ---

udāra (उदार).—a (S) Generous, munificent, bountiful. Pr. u0 tōca śrīmanta kṛpaṇa tōca daridrī. See Prov. x. 4, xi. 24, and xxii. 9. 2 Bold, ample, free; opp. to mean, pitiful, contracted, fettered; and applied variously: e. g. Bold, frank, liberal--speech, deportment: open, full, manly--features, countenance: broad, roomy, capacious--boats, vehicles, vessels.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udara (उदर).—n The belly, the stomach. Womb. Ascites.

--- OR ---

udāra (उदार).—a Generous, munificent, bountiful Bold, open

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udara (उदर).—[ud-ṛ-ap]

1) The belly; दुष्पूरोदरपूरणाय (duṣpūrodarapūraṇāya) Bh. 2.119; cf. कृशोदरी, उदरभरणम्, उदरंभरि (kṛśodarī, udarabharaṇam, udaraṃbhari) &c.

2) The interior or inside of anything, cavity; तडाग° (taḍāga°) Pt.2.15; R.5.7; U.2.16,4.29; त्वां कारयामि कमलोदरबन्धनस्थम् (tvāṃ kārayāmi kamalodarabandhanastham) Ś.6.2; Śānti.1.5; Ś.1.19; Amaru.88; जलदोदरेभ्यः (jaladodarebhyaḥ) Mk.5; Rs.3.12; घनानां वारिगर्भोदराणाम् (ghanānāṃ vārigarbhodarāṇām) Ś.7.7.

3) Enlargement of the abdomen from dropsy or flatulence; तस्य होदरं जज्ञे (tasya hodaraṃ jajñe) Ait. Br.

4) Any morbid abdominal affection, such as liver, spleen &c. (said to be of 8 kinds vāta°, pitta°, kapha°, triliṅga° or dūṣī°, plīhā°, baddhaguda°, āgantuka° and jala°).

5) Slaughter [cf. L. uterus; Zend. udara].

6) Battle.

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Udāra (उदार).—a.

1) Generous, liberal, munificent.

2) (a) Noble, exalted, dignified; स तथेति विनेतुरुदारमतेः (sa tatheti vineturudāramateḥ) R.8.91, 5.12; वाचः (vācaḥ) 65; उदाराः सर्व एवैते (udārāḥ sarva evaite) Bg.7.18. (b) High, lofty, great, best, illustrious, distinguished; °कीर्तेः (kīrteḥ) Ki.1.18; °तपसः (tapasaḥ) Bh.3.51.

3) Honest, sincere, upright.

4) good, nice, fine; कृतः कटोभीष्म उदारः शोभनः (kṛtaḥ kaṭobhīṣma udāraḥ śobhanaḥ) Mbh.2.3.1; उदारः कल्पः (udāraḥ kalpaḥ) Ś.5.

5) Proper, right.

6) Eloquent.

7) Kind, soft, agreeable; °वाचः कन्यकाः (vācaḥ kanyakāḥ) R.14.77.

8) Rich, plentiful; उदारा श्रीः स्थिता ह्यस्याम् (udārā śrīḥ sthitā hyasyām) Rām.4.22.16. उदारमभ्यवहारविधिम् (udāramabhyavahāravidhim) Dk.49; Mu.3.8.

9) Large, extensive, grand, splendid; साकेतोपवनमुदारमध्यु- वास (sāketopavanamudāramadhyu- vāsa) R.13.79; उदारनेपथ्यभृताम् (udāranepathyabhṛtām) 6.6 richly dressed.

1) Beautiful, charming, lovely; Ku.7.14; Śi.5.21; see उदारदर्शन (udāradarśana) below; R.16.26,51.

11) Unperplexed.

12) Exciting, driving forth (Ved.). श्रीणामुदारो धरुणो रयीणाम् (śrīṇāmudāro dharuṇo rayīṇām) Rv.1.45.5.

-ram ind.

1) Loudly; प्रगीयते सिद्ध- गणैश्च योषितामुदारमन्ते कलभाविकस्वरैः (pragīyate siddha- gaṇaiśca yoṣitāmudāramante kalabhāvikasvaraiḥ) Śi.4.33.

2) By means of arguments; इति तानुदारमनुनीय (iti tānudāramanunīya) Ki.12.4.

-raḥ Ved.

1) A rising fog or vapour.

2) A sort of grain with long stalks.

3) A figure in Rhetoric which attributes greatness to inanimate objects.


Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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