Animal Kingdom (Tiryak) in Epics

by Saranya P.S | 2019 | 51,616 words | ISBN-10: 8190396315 | ISBN-13: 9788190396318

An English study the Animal Kingdom (Tiryak) in Epics.—The present thesis is based entirely on Ramayana and Mahabharata although an attempt is made to analytically compare the Animal kingdom with Mriga-pakshi-shastra—‘The ancient Indian science of of Animals and Birds’....

Chapter 2.6 - Genesis of birds and animals in the Purana

Genesis of birds and animals in Agnimahapurana [Agnipurana]

Kashyapa’s wife Tamra had six daughters. They were Kaki, Shyeni, Bhasi, Gridhrika and Griva. From they were born birds like crows and animals like horses and camels.[1] Aruna and Garuda were born as the sons of Vinata. Surasa’s children were serpents. Kadru got Nagas. Surabhi had cows and buffaloes as children.[2]

It is said that water birds the other creatures of the land and water were born from Krodhavasha.[3]

The origin of birds and animals in Padmamahapurana [Padmapurana]

The wives of Kashyapa are: Aditi, Diti, Dhanu, Arishta, Surasa, Surabhi, Vinata, Tamra,Krodhavasha, Ira, Kadru, Khasha and Muni.[4] Of these Tamra had six daughters. Of them Shuki gave birth to parrots, Shyeni to kites, Gridhri to vultures, Bhasi to ‘kurarangal’, Sugridhi to doves and Shuci to swans, ‘Sarasa’, ‘kanda’ and ‘plava’.[5] It is said that Vinata gave birth to Arunaand Garuda. Surasa delivered serpents, Kadru delivered snakes and Surabhi delivered cows and buffaloes.[6]

Footnotes and references:


Agnimahapurana (Agnipurana) a 19, p. 75


Ibid p. 275




Padmamahapurana (Padmapurana) Srishti-khanda. 6, p. 61


Ibid p. 62


Ibid p. 63

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