Khasa, Khaśa, Khasha, Khaśā: 28 definitions
Khasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Khaśa and Khaśā can be transliterated into English as Khasa or Khasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Khaśa refers to an ancient district or cultural territory, as mentioned in the 7th-century Mudrārākṣasa written by Viśākhadeva. Khaśa corresponds to the Himalayas.Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)
1) Khasa (खस) in Sanskrit refers to a “skin disease, urticaria”, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—(CDIAL 3854).
2) Khāsa (खास) in Prakrit refers to a “kind of cough”.—(= sāsa).
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Khaśā (खशा).—A wife of Kaśyapa Prajāpati. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa Aṃśa I, Chapter 15).
2) Khasa (खस).—A country in ancient India. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 122, Stanza 41).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Khaśa (खश).—Defeated by Bharata;1 a kingdom of the East watered by the Cakṣuṣ and Gaṅgā.2
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 20. 30.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 46 and 50; 31. 83; Matsya-purāṇa 121. 43; 144. 57.
2) Khasa (खस).—An inferior tribe purified of sin by devotion to Hari.1 A Vindhyan forest tribe being a degraded Kṣatriya clan, Niṣādhas;2 a hilly country.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 4. 18: Vāyu-purāṇa 58. 83; 62. 124; 98. 108.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 145; III. 63. 120.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 135; 47. 47.
3) Khaśā (खशा).—A consort of Kaśyapa; mother of two sons, Vikarṇa and Vilohita, one of four hands and four feet and the other of three hands and three feet, who were born in the evening and Uṣa period respectively. The eldest wanted to make a meal of of the mother herself and this the younger prevented. The father who noted this, named the elder Yakṣa, and the latter Rakṣa and said ‘tri’ it is said a son serves his mother and a daughter her father; and that the sons take after their mother. Seeing them ever hungry, he blessed them to get strength in the night and weakness in the day time and eat meat and flesh and disappeared. They married Brahmadhanā and Jantudhanā, daughters of two Piśacas, Aja and Śaṇḍa, and gave birth to a number of Rākṣasas, all given to fierceness;1 mother of Rākṣasa clans and of seven daughters who in their turn produced Rākṣasas.2
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; 7. 37, 132-42, 467; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 74-126; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 124.
- 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 164, 170-2.
Khaśa (खश) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.48.3, V.158.20, VIII.51.18) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Khaśa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)
Khasa (खस) refers to “mongolians, Chinese and certain races north of India”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
1) Khasa (खस) refers to a country belonging to “Pūrvā or Pūrvadeśa (eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya represent the eastern division consisting of [i.e., Khasa] [...]”.
2) Khasa (खस) [=Khaṣa?] also refers to a country belonging to “Aiśānī (north-eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Revatī, Aśvinī and Bharaṇī, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Khasa was one of the hundred daughters of Daksha. She was married to the great sage Kashyapa. The Yakshas are her children.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Khaṣa (खष) (in Chinese: K'ia-cha) is the name of an ancient kingdom (identified with Kachgar) associated with Citrā or Citrānakṣatra, as mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Citrā] with a group of kingdoms [e.g., Khaṣa] for the sake of protection and prosperity.
Khaṣa (खष) is also the name of an ancient kingdom associated with Dhaniṣṭhā or Dhaniṣṭhanakṣatra.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Khasa (खस) refers to a sub-division of the Mlecchas: one of the two-fold division of men born in Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; on the mountains, Meru, etc., by kidnapping and power of learning, in the 2½ continents and in 2 oceans. [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. [...] The Mlecchas—[e.g., the Khasas, ...] and other non-Āryas also are people who do not know even the word ‘dharma’”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geography
Khaśa (खश) is the name of a tribe mentioned as inhabiting the region around ancient Kaśmīra (Kashmir valley) according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa describes them as a mountainous tribe (parvatāśrayiṇaḥ) and Mahābhārata (Sabhāparva, 52.2-3) places them near the river Śailoda between the Meru and Mandara mountains. The Bṛhat Saṃhitā groups them with the Kulūtas (inhabitants of Kulu), the Taṅgaṇas and the Kāśmīras. Stein points out, on the basis of the Rājataraṅgiṇī, that the Khaśas occupied “the valleys lying immediately to the south and west of the Pīr Pantsāl (sic) range between the middle course of the Vitastā in the west and Kāṣṭavāṭa in the east.” The rulers of Rājapurī—modern Rajauri—are referred to in the Rājataraṅgiṇī as Khaśa—lords and their soldiers as Khaśas.Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)
1) Khasa (खस) refers to an ancient country, kingdom or tribe of people, according to the 8th-century Kuvalayamālā written by Uddyotanasūri, a Prakrit Campū (similar to Kāvya poetry) narrating the love-story between Prince Candrāpīḍa and the Apsaras Kādambarī.—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] On page 2.9 occurs a list of peoples in a country in which persons are born: [i.e., Khasa] [...]
2) Khasā (खसा) refers to one of the Eighteen types of Horses commonly known to ancient Indian society.—Uddyotanasūri’s Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] At page 23.22 of the Kuvalayamālā there is an enumeration of 18 kinds of horses, [e.g., Khasā], [...].—Also see the Samarāīccackahā of Haribhadrasūri from the beginning of the 8th century A.D.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Biology (plants and animals)
1) Khasa in India is the name of a plant defined with Papaver somniferum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Papaver somniferum var. coccineum Maire (among others).
2) Khasa is also identified with Sesamum indicum It has the synonym Capraria integerrima Miq. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Taxon (1989)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2004)
· sur les plantes rares cultivées dans le jardin botanique de Genève (1823)
· Suppl. Meth. (Moench) (1802)
· FBI (1884)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Khasa, for example side effects, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
khasa (खस).—m A heap or mass (as of leaves fallen, of dust or rubbish collected, of sweepings &c.) 2 fig. Overflowing plenty, piles, heaps, lots.
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khāsa (खास).—ad ( A) Positively, assuredly, certainly. 2 Exactly, precisely, nicely, just.
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khāsa (खास).—a ( A) Pertaining or relating to the king or state; governmental &c. 2 Own, private, personal. In comp. as khāsapataka, khāsapāgā. 3 Pure, genuine, sterling, true, real, good. See compounds in order. Other common ones, occurring, some, in the sense Royal or public, some, in that of Own or personal, some, in that of Pure, true, real, good, are khāsakōṭhī, khāsakhajānā, khāsasarañjāma, khāsajāmadāra, khāsahujurāta, khāsajāmīna, khāsaināma, khāsanēmaṇūka.
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khāsa (खास) [or खांस, khāṃsa].—f ( H kāsa S) A cough. v lāga.
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khāsā (खासा).—a ( A) Good, fine, excellent, choice, superior. 2 Relating to kings, grandees, and nobles. 3 Chief, principal, supreme; the captain, master, or head man. 4 Legitimate, not adulterine or base-born. 5 Used plurally to signify, rather than express by name, a great personage; as khāsē kōṭhēṃ āhēta? khāsē kōṭhēṃ gēlē?Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
khasa (खस).—m A heap or mass.
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khāsa (खास).—ad Positively. Exactly. Pure. a Own.
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khāsa (खास) [or khāṃsa, or खांस].—f Cough.
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khāsā (खासा).—a Principal. Fine. Legitimate. Relating to kings. A great personage.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Khaśa (खश).—(pl.) A mountainous country in the north of India and its inhabitants; Manusmṛti 1.44; (also written khasa).
Derivable forms: khaśaḥ (खशः).
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1) Itch, scab.
2) Name of a mountainous country to the North of India; see खश (khaśa).
Derivable forms: khasaḥ (खसः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Khaṣa (खष).—(?) , m. pl., compare Khāṣya-, probably = Sanskrit Khasa, or Khaśa (compare Svaśa), name of a barbarian people in the north: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.31.17 (ff.) Puṣkarasāriṇo rājñaḥ Pāṇḍavā nāma Khaṣā viruddhāḥ; according to N. Dutt's note, khaṣa = pra- tyantika; Tibetan cited as mthaḥ ḥkhob = barbarian border country, often applied to Tibet itself, and fitting Sanskrit Khasa. I assume that the Pāṇḍavāḥ are meant for the well-known people of the Sanskrit epic.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-śaḥ) 1. A mountainous country to the north of India. 2. A native of that country, considered as a degraded Kshetriya. f.
(-śā) A kind of perfume, commonly Mura.
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(-saḥ) Itch, scab. 2. A man of a country or tribe considerd to be a degraded Kshetriya: the Khasas inhabit the mountains surrounding Kashmir. f.
(-sā) The mother of the imps or goblins.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Khaśa (खश).—I. m. 1. pl. The name of a people, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 47. 2. The son of an outcast Kṣatriya, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 22 (written with s instead of ś). Ii. f. śā (and sā), A proper name, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 169; 11521.
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Khasa (खस).—khasā khasā, see khaśa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Khasa (खस).—[masculine] a degraded Kṣatriya; [plural] [Name] of a people.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Khaśa (खश):—for khasa q.v.
2) Khasa (खस):—m. itch, scab, any irritating disease of the skin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) m. [plural] Name of a people and of its country (in the north of India), [Manu-smṛti x, 44; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Atharva-veda.Pariś.] etc.
4) m. a native of that country (considered as a degraded Kṣatriya), [Manu-smṛti x, 22]
5) Khasā (खसा):—[from khasa] f. a kind of perfume (murā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Dakṣa (one of the wives of Kaśyapa and mother of the Yakṣas and Rākṣasas), [Harivaṃśa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Khaśa (खश):—[(śaḥ-śā)] 1. m. A mountainous country to the north of India. f. A kind of perfume.
2) Khasa (खस):—(saḥ) 1. m. Itch; a Khasa man. (sā) f. Mother of imps.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Khasa (खस) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Khasa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) Khasa (खस) [Also spelled khas]:—(nm) fragrant root of a typical grass used for cooling purposes; its essence; —[kī ṭaṭṭī] a screen made of the fragrant roots of [khasa] and used for cooling purposes during the summers.
2) Khāsa (खास):—(a) special; particular; peculiar; proper (e.g. [khāsa dillī kā rahane vālā]); important; chief: own (e.g. [merā khāsa ādamī]); ~[kara] particularly; —[khāsa] selected (few); ~[gī] private; [khāsamakhāsa] very special; very intimate, [khāsiyata] speciality, characteristic; [khāsulakhāsa] very intimate; very dear one; [khāsoāma] all people, the big and the small.
3) Khāsā (खासा):—(a) fairly good, ample.
1) Khasa (खस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Khasa.
2) Khāsa (खास) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kās.
3) Khāsa (खास) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kāsa.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
1) [noun] the irritating sensation on the skin that strongly makes the person scratch or rub on; itch.
2) [noun] name of a region in northern part of India.
3) [noun] its inhabitant.
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Khāsa (ಖಾಸ):—[noun] the act, sound or an instance of expelling air from the lungs violently; cough.
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Khāsa (ಖಾಸ):—[noun] = ಖಾಸಾ [khasa].
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1) [adjective] relating to an individual; personal; not common, general.
2) [adjective] related to the king but not to state; a king’s personal.
3) [adjective] important; special.
4) [adjective] definite; free from ambiguity; unambiguous.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+78): Khasa Amadani, Khasa-Kana-Kara-Dini-Dishi, Khasabamgle, Khasabaradara, Khasabaragira, Khasabaru, Khasabasata, Khasabatami, Khasabegam, Khasabija, Khasabokkasa, Khasabul-hgyah, Khasada, Khasadara, Khasadari, Khasademara, Khasadhipati, Khasagandha, Khasagata, Khasagati.
Ends with (+10): Asurarakkhasa, Badakhasa, Barakhasa, Beshakhasa, Bhuikhakhasa, Dakarakkhasa, Daryanta Khasakhasa, Dhashakhasha, Hamakhasa, Kahs-khasa, Khakhasa, Khasakhasa, Khaskhasa, Khudakhasa, Kshayakhasa, Lakkhasa, Lukhasa, Mokhasa, Nakhasa, Nkhasa.
Full-text (+89): Khasatmaja, Khashya, Khash, Khasagandha, Khashi, Khasatila, Khasaphalakshira, Khasagata, Khasabija, Khasakhasanem, Khasam, Khasakanda, Shvasa, Kahs-khasa, Khashanishim, Kash, Vaktraksha, Ulkaca, Putikhasha, Khasapagya.
Search found 34 books and stories containing Khasa, Khaśa, Khaśā, Khāsā, Khaṣa, Khasā, Khāsa, Khasha; (plurals include: Khasas, Khaśas, Khaśās, Khāsās, Khaṣas, Khasās, Khāsas, Khashas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 10.44 < [Section III - Status of the Mixed Castes]
Verse 10.22-23 < [Section II - Mixed Castes]
Verse 2.24 < [Section VI - Qualified Countries]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 1.13.192 < [Chapter 13 - Defeating Digvijayī]
Verse 1.1.171 < [Chapter 1 - Summary of Lord Gaura’s Pastimes]
Verse 3.9.272-273 < [Chapter 9 - The Glories of Advaita]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 1.124.8 < [Sukta 124]
Rig Veda 4.3.7 < [Sukta 3]
Ramakoti: A Kindly Man < [July 1970]
Khasa Subba Rau < [April & May 1948]
Ramakotiswara Rau: A Missionary < [July 1970]