Khasa, aka: Khaśa, Khasha, Khaśā; 11 Definition(s)


Khasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Khaśa and Khaśā can be transliterated into English as Khasa or Khasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Khaśa refers to an ancient district or cultural territory, as mentioned in the 7th-century Mudrārākṣasa written by Viśākhadeva. Khaśa corresponds to the Himalayas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kavya
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Khaśā (खशा).—A wife of Kaśyapa Prajāpati. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa Aṃśa I, Chapter 15).

2) Khasa (खस).—A country in ancient India. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 122, Stanza 41).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Khaśa (खश).—Defeated by Bharata;1 a kingdom of the East watered by the Cakṣuṣ and Gaṅgā.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 20. 30.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 46 and 50; 31. 83; Matsya-purāṇa 121. 43; 144. 57.

2) Khasa (खस).—An inferior tribe purified of sin by devotion to Hari.1 A Vindhyan forest tribe being a degraded Kṣatriya clan, Niṣādhas;2 a hilly country.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 4. 18: Vāyu-purāṇa 58. 83; 62. 124; 98. 108.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 145; III. 63. 120.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 135; 47. 47.

3) Khaśā (खशा).—A consort of Kaśyapa; mother of two sons, Vikarṇa and Vilohita, one of four hands and four feet and the other of three hands and three feet, who were born in the evening and Uṣa period respectively. The eldest wanted to make a meal of of the mother herself and this the younger prevented. The father who noted this, named the elder Yakṣa, and the latter Rakṣa and said ‘tri’ it is said a son serves his mother and a daughter her father; and that the sons take after their mother. Seeing them ever hungry, he blessed them to get strength in the night and weakness in the day time and eat meat and flesh and disappeared. They married Brahmadhanā and Jantudhanā, daughters of two Piśacas, Aja and Śaṇḍa, and gave birth to a number of Rākṣasas, all given to fierceness;1 mother of Rākṣasa clans and of seven daughters who in their turn produced Rākṣasas.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; 7. 37, 132-42, 467; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 74-126; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 124.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 164, 170-2.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Khaśa (खश) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.48.3, V.158.20, VIII.51.18) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Khaśa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Khasa was one of the hundred daughters of Daksha. She was married to the great sage Kashyapa. The Yakshas are her children.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

India history and geogprahy

Khaśa (खश) is the name of a tribe mentioned as inhabiting the region around ancient Kaśmīra (Kashmir valley) according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa describes them as a mountainous tribe (parvatāśrayiṇaḥ) and Mahābhārata (Sabhāparva, 52.2-3) places them near the river Śailoda between the Meru and Mandara mountains. The Bṛhat Saṃhitā groups them with the Kulūtas (inhabitants of Kulu), the Taṅgaṇas and the Kāśmīras. Stein points out, on the basis of the Rājataraṅgiṇī, that the Khaśas occupied “the valleys lying immediately to the south and west of the Pīr Pantsāl (sic) range between the middle course of the Vitastā in the west and Kāṣṭavāṭa in the east.” The rulers of Rājapurī—modern Rajauri—are referred to in the Rājataraṅgiṇī as Khaśa—lords and their soldiers as Khaśas.

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

khasa (खस).—m A heap or mass (as of leaves fallen, of dust or rubbish collected, of sweepings &c.) 2 fig. Overflowing plenty, piles, heaps, lots.

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khāsa (खास).—ad ( A) Positively, assuredly, certainly. 2 Exactly, precisely, nicely, just.

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khāsa (खास).—a ( A) Pertaining or relating to the king or state; governmental &c. 2 Own, private, personal. In comp. as khāsapataka, khāsapāgā. 3 Pure, genuine, sterling, true, real, good. See compounds in order. Other common ones, occurring, some, in the sense Royal or public, some, in that of Own or personal, some, in that of Pure, true, real, good, are khāsakōṭhī, khāsakhajānā, khāsasarañjāma, khāsajāmadāra, khāsahujurāta, khāsajāmīna, khāsaināma, khāsanēmaṇūka.

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khāsa (खास) [or खांस, khāṃsa].—f ( H kāsa S) A cough. v lāga.

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khāsā (खासा).—a ( A) Good, fine, excellent, choice, superior. 2 Relating to kings, grandees, and nobles. 3 Chief, principal, supreme; the captain, master, or head man. 4 Legitimate, not adulterine or base-born. 5 Used plurally to signify, rather than express by name, a great personage; as khāsē kōṭhēṃ āhēta? khāsē kōṭhēṃ gēlē?

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

khasa (खस).—m A heap or mass.

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khāsa (खास).—ad Positively. Exactly. Pure. a Own.

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khāsa (खास) [or khāṃsa, or खांस].—f Cough.

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khāsā (खासा).—a Principal. Fine. Legitimate. Relating to kings. A great personage.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khaśa (खश).—(pl.) A mountainous country in the north of India and its inhabitants; Ms.1.44; (also written khasa).

Derivable forms: khaśaḥ (खशः).

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Khasa (खस).—

1) Itch, scab.

2) Name of a mountainous country to the North of India; see खश (khaśa).

Derivable forms: khasaḥ (खसः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khaṣa (खष).—(?) , m. pl., compare Khāṣya-, probably = Sanskrit Khasa, or Khaśa (compare Svaśa), n. of a barbarian people in the north: MSV ii.31.17 (ff.) Puṣkarasāriṇo rājñaḥ Pāṇḍavā nāma Khaṣā viruddhāḥ; acc. to N. Dutt's note, khaṣa = pra- tyantika; Tibetan cited as mthaḥ ḥkhob = barbarian border country, often applied to Tibet itself, and fitting Sanskrit Khasa. I assume that the Pāṇḍavāḥ are meant for the well-known people of the Sanskrit epic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Khaśa (खश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. A mountainous country to the north of India. 2. A native of that country, considered as a degraded Kshetriya. f.

(-śā) A kind of perfume, commonly Mura.

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Khasa (खस).—m.

(-saḥ) Itch, scab. 2. A man of a country or tribe considerd to be a degraded Kshetriya: the Khasas inhabit the mountains surrounding Kashmir. f.

(-sā) The mother of the imps or goblins.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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