Plava, Plāva: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Plava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Plava (प्लव) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “pelican”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Plava is part of the sub-group named Ambucārin, refering to animals “which move on waters”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

2) Plava (पत्र) is a Sanskrit word referring to either Cyperus rotundus, Cyperus bulbosus or Cyperus esculentus, which are species of plants from the Cyperaceae (sedge) family. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

1) Birds such as

  • the Hansa,
  • Sārasa,
  • Krauncha,
  • Chakravāka,
  • Kurura (belong also to the Prasaha group),
  • Kadāmva,
  • Kārandava,
  • Jivan Jivaka,
  • Vaka,
  • Valākā,
  • Pundarika,
  • Plava,
  • Sarāri-mukha,
  • Nandimukha,
  • Madgu,
  • Utkrosha,
  • Kāchāksha,
  • Mallikāksha,
  • Shuklāksha,
  • Pushkarashāyikā,
  • Konālaka,
  • Amvukukkutikā,
  • Megharāva
  • and Shvetacharana etc.

belong to the Plava family. These birds are found to move about in large flocks.

The flesh of any one of this family is cooling, demulcent, and spermatopoietic and destroys the deranged Vāyu. It proves beneficial in cases of hæmoptysis, is sweet in taste and of digestion, and is possessed of laxative and diuretic properties.

The Plava is a sub-group of the Ānupa group (those that frequent marshy places).

2) Plava (प्लव)—Sanskrit word for a bird “pelican”, “prasevakagala” (sack beneath beak). This animal is from the group called Plava (‘those which float’ or ‘those move about in large flocks’). Plava itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Plava (प्लव) refers to the Spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus Philippensis), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Plava (प्लव).—Ducks born of Śuci.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 32.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Plava (प्लव) refers to the thirty-fifth of the sixty-year cycle of Jupiter, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The years of the seventh yuga are—1. Hemalamba, 2. Vilambi, 3. Vikāri, 4. Śarvarī and 5. Plava. In the first of these years crops will generally be injured and there will be storm and rain; in the second year crops will not grow in abundance and the rainfall will not be much; in the third year mankind will be afflicted with fears and there will be much rain; in the fourth year there will be famine; in Plava, the fifth year, there will be prosperity in the land and also much rain”.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Plava (प्लव) refers to the thirty-fifth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘plava’ is extremely voluptuous (has excessive sexual desire), wealthy, gets respect due to his being serviceable, defeated by his wife, contented, keeps his thoughts secret, and is of restless nature.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year plava (2021-2022 AD) will be tranquil, generous, compassionate, brave and devoted to his own duties.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Plava (प्लव) is the thirty-fifth of sixty years (saṃvatsara) in the Vedic lunar calendar according to the Arcana-dīpikā by Vāmana Mahārāja (cf. Appendix).—Accordingl, There are sixty different names for each year in the Vedic lunar calendar, which begins on the new moon day (Amāvasyā) after the appearance day of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (Gaura-pūrṇimā), in February or March. The Vedic year [viz., Plava], therefore, does not correspond exactly with the Christian solar calendar year.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Plava (प्लव) refers to the bird “Cormorant” (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Plava] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

plava : (m.) floating; a raft.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

plava (प्लव).—m S A canoe or little boat gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

plava (प्लव).—m A canoe or little boat gen.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Plava (प्लव).—a. [plu ac]

1) Swimming, floating.

2) Jumping, leaping.

3) Ved. Superior, excellent.

-vaḥ Swimming, floating.

2) Flood, swelling of a river.

3) A jump, leap; going by leaps or jumps; ते रथैर्देवधिष्ण्याभैर्हयैश्च तरल- प्लवैः (te rathairdevadhiṣṇyābhairhayaiśca tarala- plavaiḥ) Bhāgavata 1.82.7.

4) A raft, float, canoe, small boat; नावश्चारुरुहुस्त्वन्ये प्लवैस्तेरुस्तथापरे (nāvaścāruruhustvanye plavaisterustathāpare) Rām.2.89.2 (com. plavā veṇutṛṇādinirmitāḥ); नाशयेच्च शनैः पश्चात् प्लवं सलिलपूरवत् (nāśayecca śanaiḥ paścāt plavaṃ salilapūravat) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.42; सर्वं ज्ञानप्लवेनैव वृजिनं संतरिष्यसि (sarvaṃ jñānaplavenaiva vṛjinaṃ saṃtariṣyasi) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 4.36; Manusmṛti 4.194; 11.19; Ve.3.25.

5) A frog; हंसक्रौञ्चप्लवाकीर्णं सारसैः संप्रसादितम् (haṃsakrauñcaplavākīrṇaṃ sārasaiḥ saṃprasāditam) Rām.3.35.18.

6) A monkey; दधि हृत्वा बक- श्चापि प्लवो मत्स्यानसंस्कृतान् (dadhi hṛtvā baka- ścāpi plavo matsyānasaṃskṛtān) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.111.99.

7) A declivity, slope.

8) An enemy.

9) A sheep.

1) A man of a low tribe, a Chāṇḍāla.

11) A net or snare for catching fish.

12) The fig-tree.

13) The Kāraṇḍava bird, a kind of duck.

14) Five or more stanzas syntactically connected (= kulaka q. v.).

15) The prolated utterance of a vowel.

16) Returning, return.

17) Urging on, inciting.

18) Sound; L. D. B.

19) A kind of aquatic bird; Manusmṛti 5.12.

2) Name of a संवत्सर (saṃvatsara).

--- OR ---

Plāva (प्लाव).—[plu-ghañ]

1) Flowing over.

2) Jumping, leaping, क्वचिच्च दर्दुरप्लावैर्विविधैरुपहासकैः (kvacicca darduraplāvairvividhairupahāsakaiḥ) Bhāgavata 1.18.15.

3) Filling to, overflowing.

4) Straining a liquid (to remove impurities &c.); भस्माद्भिः कांस्यलोहानां शुद्धिः प्लावो द्रवस्य तु (bhasmādbhiḥ kāṃsyalohānāṃ śuddhiḥ plāvo dravasya tu) Y.1.19. (see Mitā. thereon).

5) Submersion.

Derivable forms: plāvaḥ (प्लावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Plava (प्लव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) Who or what goes by leaps or jumps, leaping, justing, a tumbler. m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Jumping, leaping, plunging, going by leaps or plunges. 2. Swimming, floating, diving. 3. A raft, a float. 4. A frog. 5. A monkey. 6. A sheep. 7. A diver, or bird so called, (Pelicanus fusicollis.) 8. A sort of duck. 9. A man of a low or degraded tribe. 10. Waved-leaf fig-tree, (Ficus infectoria.) 11. The continuous protracted accent, the lengthened sound of vowels in poetry or the Vedas. 12. Protracting a sentence through several stanzas. 13. A declivity or shelving ground. 14. A piece of water. 15. A sort of basket or snare of basket-work for catching fish. 16. An enemy. 17. Sending, directing. n.

(-vaṃ) 1. A sort of grass, (Cyperus rotundus.) 2. Fragrant grass in general, or another sort E. plu to go, aff. ac .

--- OR ---

Plāva (प्लाव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Submersion. 2. Filling a vessel till it runs over. 3. Jumping. 4. Filtering. E. plu to go, causal v., ghañ aff.; also with lyuṭ, plāvanaṃ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Plava (प्लव).—i. e. plu + a, I. adj. Leaping, jumping. Ii. m. 1. Jumping. 2. Swimming, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] i. 19 (cf. Böhtl. Roth. Skr. Wörterbuc. s. v. pulakay). 3. A raft, a boat, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 42. 4. A frog. 5. A monkey. 6. A sort of duck, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 12. 7. A declivity or shelving ground. 8. A sort of basket or snare for catcing fish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Plava (प्लव).—[adjective] swimming, floating, verging towards (—°), perishable.

— [masculine] boat, raft (also [neuter]), a kind of duck, swimming, bathing, flood; jump, leap.

--- OR ---

Plāva (प्लाव).—[masculine] flowing over; jump.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Plava (प्लव):—a plavaka etc. See [column]2.

2) Plāva (प्लाव):—a etc. See [column]2.

3) Plava (प्लव):—[from plu] b mf(ā)n. swimming, floating, [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] sloping towards, inclined, [Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi] (in [astrology] applied to a constellation situated in the quarter ruled by its planetary regent, [Varāha-mihira [Scholiast or Commentator]])

5) [v.s. ...] transient, [Muṇḍaka-upaniṣad]

6) [v.s. ...] mn. (ifc. f(ā). ) a float, raft, boat, small ship, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of aquatic bird (= gātra-samplava, kāraṇḍava, jala-vāyasa, jala-kāka or jala-kukkuṭa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

8) [v.s. ...] a frog, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a monkey, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] & sheep, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] an arm, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a Caṇḍāla, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] an enemy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] Ficus Infectoria, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] a snare or basket of wicker-work for catching fish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] the 35th (or 9th) year in a cycle of Jupiter, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

16) [v.s. ...] m. swimming, bathing (ifc. f(ā). ), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

17) [v.s. ...] m. flooding, a flood, the swelling of a river, [Mahābhārata; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

18) [v.s. ...] the prolated utterance of a vowel (= pluti), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] protraction of a sentence through 3 or more Ślokas (= kulaka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] sloping down or towards, proclivity, inclination, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) [v.s. ...] (in [astrology]) = plava-tva, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

22) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

23) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sāman (also with vasiṣṭhasya), [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

24) [v.s. ...] jumping, leaping, plunging, going by leaps or plunges, [Rāmāyaṇa] (cf. [compound] below)

25) [v.s. ...] returning, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

26) [v.s. ...] urging on [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

27) [v.s. ...] n. Cyperus Rotundus or a species of fragrant grass, [Suśruta] cf. [Greek] πλόος for πλοϝος, πλοῖον

28) Plāva (प्लाव):—[from plu] b m. flowing over, filling a vessel till it overflows, [Yājñavalkya; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

29) [v.s. ...] leaping, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Plava (प्लव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Jumping, plunging; a raft; a frog; a monkey; a sheep; a duck; a diver bird; a declivity; a fig-tree; a long accent; a piece of water; fishing basket; enemy; sending. n. A grass; a fragrant grass.

2) Plāva (प्लाव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Submersion.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Plāva (प्लाव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Oṃbāla, Palāva, Pava, Pavvāla, Puāva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Plava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Plava (ಪ್ಲವ):—

1) [adjective] swimming; floating.

2) [adjective] jumping; hopping.

3) [adjective] greater in quality; superior.

--- OR ---

Plava (ಪ್ಲವ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of floating.

2) [noun] the act or an instance of jumping or hopping.

3) [noun] the act or manner of flowing; flow.

4) [noun] a flat, buoyant structure of logs, boards, barrels, etc. fastened together, used as a boat in shallow water; a raft.

5) [noun] a frog.

6) [noun] a monkey.

7) [noun] caṇdāla, a man belonging to the lowest social class.

8) [noun] a kind of aquatic bird.

9) [noun] the thirty-fifth year in the Hindu cycle of sixty years.

--- OR ---

Plāva (ಪ್ಲಾವ):—

1) [noun] the act of flowing (of a liquid).

2) [noun] the act or an instance of jumping, leaping or hopping.

3) [noun] a flowing of a river, stream) etc. over land on either side not usu. submerged.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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