Vikshepa, aka: Vikṣepa; 7 Definition(s)
Vikshepa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Vikṣepa can be transliterated into English as Viksepa or Vikshepa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Vikṣepa (विक्षेप) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.
According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31, vikṣepa is one of the four varieties of the silent tāla. Accordingly, “swiftly moving that (i.e. the palm turned downwards) to the right side is the vikṣepa”, and “after showing the āvāpa (lit. the curving the fingers) one should be making the niṣkrāma and then the vikṣepa and next the praveśana (praveśa)”. The tāla is so called because it measures time by a division of songs into kalās”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Vikṣepa (विक्षेप).—Celestial latitude. Note: Vikṣepa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Vikṣepa (विक्षेप, “distraction”) is of two kinds according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “There are two kinds of distraction, subtle (sūkṣma) and coarse (sthūla). Subtle distraction (sūkṣma-vikṣepa) is of three types according to whether it abounds in attachment (āsaṅgabahula), pride (abhimānabahula) or wrong view (dṛṣṭibahula). These three distractions are subtle distractions. Because of that, one falls out of the concentrations and produces the threefold poison (rāga, dveṣa and moha) that constitutes the coarse distraction (sthūla-vikṣepa)”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Vikṣepa (विक्षेप, “scatteredness”) refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., vikṣepa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Languages of India and abroad
vikṣēpa (विक्षेप).—m S Throwing up, out, forth, around, about. 2 Dissipation (of the mind or attention); scattered state (of the wits or thoughts). Ex. javaḷa gaḍabaḍa asalī mhaṇajē citta ēkāgra hōta nāhīṃ vi0 hōtō; also gṛhakalaha vāīṭa jāṇā || vi0 vāḍhē kṣaṇakṣaṇā ||. 3 Bewilderment, amazement, great astonishment. Ex. aisī aikūṇa vipravārttā || vi0 cittāṃ vāṭalā ||; also hēṃ kīrttanāmājī yētāci vighna || vi0 pāvalēṃ sakaḷāñcēṃ mana ||. 4 Crazedness; confusion of intellect; esp. that arising from demoniac possession, or that induced by incantations and charms. 5 In Hindu philosophy. One of the two (viz. vikṣēpa & āvaraṇa) sources of error or erroneous apprehension. See at large under ā- varaṇa. 6 Celestial latitude.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vikṣēpa (विक्षेप).—m Throwing up. Bewilderment. Crazedness.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Vikṣepa (विक्षेप).—1 Throwing away or asunder, scattering about.
2) Casting, throwing, discharging (opp. saṃhāra); संहारविक्षेपसहस्रकोटीस्तिष्ठन्ति जीवाः (saṃhāravikṣepasahasrakoṭīstiṣṭhanti jīvāḥ) Mb.12.28.3; संहारविक्षेप- लघुक्रियेण (saṃhāravikṣepa- laghukriyeṇa) R.5.45.
3) Waving, moving about, shaking, moving to and fro; बाहुविक्षेपकरणां समुद्यम्य महागदाम् (bāhuvikṣepakaraṇāṃ samudyamya mahāgadām) Rām. 7.32.41. लाङ्गूल° (lāṅgūla°) Ku.1.13.
4) Sending, despatching.
5) Distraction, confusion, perplexity; Māl.1.
6) Alarm, fear.
7) Refutation of an argument.
8) Polar latitude.
9) Looking about vaguely or wildly.
1) Neglecting (time).
11) Extension, projection.
12) A kind of weapon.
Derivable forms: vikṣepaḥ (विक्षेपः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 28 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Aṅgavikṣepa (अङ्गविक्षेप).—1) movement of the limbs; gesticulation. 2) a kind of dance. Derivab...
Sthūlavikṣepa (स्थूलविक्षेप) refers to “coarse distraction” and represents one of the two kinds...
Sūkṣmavikṣepa (सूक्ष्मविक्षेप) refers to “subtle distraction” and represents one of the two kin...
Padavikṣepa (पदविक्षेप).—a step, pace (of a horse also). Derivable forms: padavikṣepaḥ (पदविक्ष...
Vikṣepāṃśa (विक्षेपांश).—The degrees of celestial latitude. Note: Vikṣepa-aṃśa is a Sanskrit te...
Bāhuvikṣepa (बाहुविक्षेप).—1) the act of throwing about the arms, moving the arms. 2) swimming....
Vikṣepamaṇḍala (विक्षेपमण्डल).—Orbit of the planet. Note: Vikṣepa-maṇḍala is a Sanskrit technic...
Cittavikṣepa (चित्तविक्षेप).—distraction of the mind. Derivable forms: cittavikṣepaḥ (चित्तविक्...
Sphuṭavikṣepa (स्फुटविक्षेप).—Celestial latitude corrected by parallax. Note: Sphuṭa-vikṣepa is...
Bhrūvikṣepa (भ्रूविक्षेप).—contraction of the eyebrows, frowning. Derivable forms: bhrūvikṣepaḥ...
Dṛṣṭivikṣepa (दृष्टिविक्षेप).—a side-glance, leer, oblique look. Derivable forms: dṛṣṭivikṣepaḥ...
Vikṣepaliptikā (विक्षेपलिप्तिका).—The minutes of celestial latitude. Note: Vikṣepa-liptikā is a...
Iṣuvikṣepa (इषुविक्षेप).—an arrow-shot, the range of an arrow. Derivable forms: iṣuvikṣepaḥ (इष...
Lāṅgūlavikṣepa (लाङ्गूलविक्षेप).—wagging or waving the tail; Bh.2.31.Derivable forms: lāṅgūlavi...
Avāraṇa (अवारण).—a. Insufferable, not to be remedied, irremediable.-ṇam Not warding off or prev...
Search found 15 books and stories containing Vikshepa or Vikṣepa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vivekachudamani (by Shankara)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Definition of distraction (vikṣepa) < [Part 5 - The virtue of meditation]
II. Puṇyakriyāvastu consisting of morality < [Part 5 - Establishing beings in the puṇyakriyāvastus]
Part 1 - Required conditions for murder < [Section I.1 - Abstaining from murder]
Paingala Upanishad of Shukla-Yajurveda (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.5.121 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Verse 2.2.17 < [Part 2 - Ecstatic Expressions (anubhāva)]
Verse 2.5.120 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Mandukya Karika, verse 4.48 < [Chapter IV - Alatashanti Prakarana (Quenching the firebrand)]
Mandukya Karika, verse 3.42 < [Chapter III - Advaita Prakarana (Non-duality)]
Mandukya Karika, verse 1.2 < [Chapter I - Agama Prakarana (Scripture)]
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)