Vikshepa, aka: Vikṣepa; 9 Definition(s)


Vikshepa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vikṣepa can be transliterated into English as Viksepa or Vikshepa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vikṣepa (विक्षेप) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31, vikṣepa is one of the four varieties of the silent tāla. Accordingly, “swiftly moving that (i.e. the palm turned downwards) to the right side is the vikṣepa”, and “after showing the āvāpa (lit. the curving the fingers) one should be making the niṣkrāma and then the vikṣepa and next the praveśana (praveśa)”. The tāla is so called because it measures time by a division of songs into kalās”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Vikshepa in Jyotisha glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vikṣepa (विक्षेप).—Celestial latitude. Note: Vikṣepa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Vikshepa in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vikṣepa (विक्षेप, “distraction”) is of two kinds according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “There are two kinds of distraction, subtle (sūkṣma) and coarse (sthūla). Subtle distraction (sūkṣma-vikṣepa) is of three types according to whether it abounds in attachment (āsaṅgabahula), pride (abhimānabahula) or wrong view (dṛṣṭibahula). These three distractions are subtle distractions. Because of that, one falls out of the concentrations and produces the threefold poison (rāga, dveṣa and moha) that constitutes the coarse distraction (sthūla-vikṣepa)”.

Vikṣepa (विक्षेप) refers to “distraction”, according to chapter L.—Accordingly, “[...] the Bodhisattva-Mahāsattva who wishes to not produce thoughts of avarice, immorality, malice, laziness, distraction (vikṣepa) or false wisdom should practice the perfection of wisdom”.—The distracted mind (vikṣepa-citta) is like a lamp (dīpa) in the wind which has light but does not illuminate objects. It is the same for the wisdom (prajñā) in a distracted mind. Wisdom is the root (mūla) of all good dharmas (kuśaladharma). In order to realize this wisdom, it is first necessary to concentrate the mind: it is only afterwards that one will realize it. A drunk man (unmatta) makes no distinction between his own interest (svārtha) and the interest of others (parārtha), between beautiful things (suvarṇa) and ugly things (durvarṇa). It is the same for the man with a distracted mind: unable to recognize well beautiful worldly (laukika) things, how would he discern the supramundane (lokottara) dharmas?

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

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Vikṣepa (विक्षेप, “scatteredness”) refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., vikṣepa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

India history and geogprahy

Vikṣepa.—(IA 7, 13), cf. vijaya-vikṣepa used as an epithet of the place whence a royal charter was issued; cf. vijaya-vikṣepāt Bha- rukaccha-vāsakāt; wrongly interpreted as ‘a camp or cantonment’ (IA 17). See also Vaikṣepika. Note: vikṣepa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Vikshepa in Marathi glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vikṣēpa (विक्षेप).—m S Throwing up, out, forth, around, about. 2 Dissipation (of the mind or attention); scattered state (of the wits or thoughts). Ex. javaḷa gaḍabaḍa asalī mhaṇajē citta ēkāgra hōta nāhīṃ vi0 hōtō; also gṛhakalaha vāīṭa jāṇā || vi0 vāḍhē kṣaṇakṣaṇā ||. 3 Bewilderment, amazement, great astonishment. Ex. aisī aikūṇa vipravārttā || vi0 cittāṃ vāṭalā ||; also hēṃ kīrttanāmājī yētāci vighna || vi0 pāvalēṃ sakaḷāñcēṃ mana ||. 4 Crazedness; confusion of intellect; esp. that arising from demoniac possession, or that induced by incantations and charms. 5 In Hindu philosophy. One of the two (viz. vikṣēpa & āvaraṇa) sources of error or erroneous apprehension. See at large under ā- varaṇa. 6 Celestial latitude.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vikṣēpa (विक्षेप).—m Throwing up. Bewilderment. Crazedness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikshepa in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vikṣepa (विक्षेप).—1 Throwing away or asunder, scattering about.

2) Casting, throwing, discharging (opp. saṃhāra); संहारविक्षेपसहस्रकोटीस्तिष्ठन्ति जीवाः (saṃhāravikṣepasahasrakoṭīstiṣṭhanti jīvāḥ) Mb.12.28.3; संहारविक्षेप- लघुक्रियेण (saṃhāravikṣepa- laghukriyeṇa) R.5.45.

3) Waving, moving about, shaking, moving to and fro; बाहुविक्षेपकरणां समुद्यम्य महागदाम् (bāhuvikṣepakaraṇāṃ samudyamya mahāgadām) Rām. 7.32.41. लाङ्गूल° (lāṅgūla°) Ku.1.13.

4) Sending, despatching.

5) Distraction, confusion, perplexity; Māl.1.

6) Alarm, fear.

7) Refutation of an argument.

8) Polar latitude.

9) Looking about vaguely or wildly.

1) Neglecting (time).

11) Extension, projection.

12) A kind of weapon.

Derivable forms: vikṣepaḥ (विक्षेपः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 31 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Aṅgavikṣepa (अङ्गविक्षेप).—1) movement of the limbs; gesticulation. 2) a kind of dance. Derivab...
Padavikṣepa (पदविक्षेप).—m. (-paḥ) 1. Step, pace, walking. 2. A horse’s paces. E. pada, and vik...
Sthūlavikṣepa (स्थूलविक्षेप) refers to “coarse distraction” and represents one of the two kinds...
Sūkṣmavikṣepa (सूक्ष्मविक्षेप) refers to “subtle distraction” and represents one of the two kin...
Lāṅgūlavikṣepa (लाङ्गूलविक्षेप).—wagging or waving the tail; Bh.2.31.Derivable forms: lāṅgūlavi...
Sphuṭavikṣepa (स्फुटविक्षेप).—Celestial latitude corrected by parallax. Note: Sphuṭa-vikṣepa is...
Vikṣepaliptikā (विक्षेपलिप्तिका).—The minutes of celestial latitude. Note: Vikṣepa-liptikā is a...
Vikṣepamaṇḍala (विक्षेपमण्डल).—Orbit of the planet. Note: Vikṣepa-maṇḍala is a Sanskrit technic...
Bāhuvikṣepa (बाहुविक्षेप).—1) the act of throwing about the arms, moving the arms. 2) swimming....
Vikṣepāṃśa (विक्षेपांश).—The degrees of celestial latitude. Note: Vikṣepa-aṃśa is a Sanskrit te...
Cittavikṣepa (चित्तविक्षेप).—distraction of the mind. Derivable forms: cittavikṣepaḥ (चित्तविक्...
Dṛṣṭivikṣepa (दृष्टिविक्षेप).—a side-glance, leer, oblique look. Derivable forms: dṛṣṭivikṣepaḥ...
Vikṣepaśakti (विक्षेपशक्ति).—f. (in Vedānta phil.) the power of Māyā (avidyā).Derivable forms: ...
Iṣuvikṣepa (इषुविक्षेप).—an arrow-shot, the range of an arrow. Derivable forms: iṣuvikṣepaḥ (इष...
Bhrūvikṣepa (भ्रूविक्षेप).—contraction of the eyebrows, frowning. Derivable forms: bhrūvikṣepaḥ...

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