Vikshepa, aka: Vikṣepa; 5 Definition(s)


Vikshepa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vikṣepa can be transliterated into English as Viksepa or Vikshepa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vikṣepa (विक्षेप) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31, vikṣepa is one of the four varieties of the silent tāla. Accordingly, “swiftly moving that (i.e. the palm turned downwards) to the right side is the vikṣepa”, and “after showing the āvāpa (lit. the curving the fingers) one should be making the niṣkrāma and then the vikṣepa and next the praveśana (praveśa)”. The tāla is so called because it measures time by a division of songs into kalās”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Discover the meaning of vikshepa or viksepa in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Vikṣepa (विक्षेप, “scatteredness”) refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., vikṣepa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vikṣēpa (विक्षेप).—m S Throwing up, out, forth, around, about. 2 Dissipation (of the mind or attention); scattered state (of the wits or thoughts). Ex. javaḷa gaḍabaḍa asalī mhaṇajē citta ēkāgra hōta nāhīṃ vi0 hōtō; also gṛhakalaha vāīṭa jāṇā || vi0 vāḍhē kṣaṇakṣaṇā ||. 3 Bewilderment, amazement, great astonishment. Ex. aisī aikūṇa vipravārttā || vi0 cittāṃ vāṭalā ||; also hēṃ kīrttanāmājī yētāci vighna || vi0 pāvalēṃ sakaḷāñcēṃ mana ||. 4 Crazedness; confusion of intellect; esp. that arising from demoniac possession, or that induced by incantations and charms. 5 In Hindu philosophy. One of the two (viz. vikṣēpa & āvaraṇa) sources of error or erroneous apprehension. See at large under ā- varaṇa. 6 Celestial latitude.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vikṣēpa (विक्षेप).—m Throwing up. Bewilderment. Crazedness.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikṣepa (विक्षेप).—1 Throwing away or asunder, scattering about.

2) Casting, throwing, discharging (opp. saṃhāra); संहारविक्षेपसहस्रकोटीस्तिष्ठन्ति जीवाः (saṃhāravikṣepasahasrakoṭīstiṣṭhanti jīvāḥ) Mb.12.28.3; संहारविक्षेप- लघुक्रियेण (saṃhāravikṣepa- laghukriyeṇa) R.5.45.

3) Waving, moving about, shaking, moving to and fro; बाहुविक्षेपकरणां समुद्यम्य महागदाम् (bāhuvikṣepakaraṇāṃ samudyamya mahāgadām) Rām. 7.32.41. लाङ्गूल° (lāṅgūla°) Ku.1.13.

4) Sending, despatching.

5) Distraction, confusion, perplexity; Māl.1.

6) Alarm, fear.

7) Refutation of an argument.

8) Polar latitude.

9) Looking about vaguely or wildly.

1) Neglecting (time).

11) Extension, projection.

12) A kind of weapon.

Derivable forms: vikṣepaḥ (विक्षेपः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 13 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Cittavikṣepa (चित्तविक्षेप).—distraction of the mind. Derivable forms: cittavikṣepaḥ (चित्तविक्...
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tridōṣa (त्रिदोष).—m pl The three humours of the body; kapha, pitta, vāta. disorder of the thre...
āvāpa (आवाप).—m Sowing.
pravēśaka (प्रवेशक).—m Prologue. Exordium. a That introduces.
Vikkhipana, (nt.) (cp. BSk. viksepa refusal AvŚ I. 94) refusal, denial VbhA. 493 (see vikiraṇa ...
Pratibhā (प्रतिभा).—2 P.1) To shine, appear bright or luminous; प्रतिभान्त्यद्य वनानि केतकीनाम्...
Upakleśa (उपक्लेश) or Pañcadṛṣṭi refers to the “twenty-four minor defilements” as defined in th...
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