Vani, aka: Vāṇī, Vaṇi, Vanī, Vāṇi; 12 Definition(s)
Vani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Vāṇī (वाणी, “eloquent speech”):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Hāṭakeśa (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Vāṇī (वाणी) refers to “eloquence”, which is mentioned as obtainable through the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] a person desirous of learning shall worship half that number [for details, see text]. A person desirous of eloquence (vāṇī-kāma) shall worship Śiva with ghee”.Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
Vāṇī (वाणी).—A whisk bearer of Lalitā, became consort of Brahmā—also Sarasvatī and Bhāratī.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 39. 67, 74; 43. 75 and 86.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Vāṇī (वाणी) refers to Sarasvatī, (‘speech’) and is the presiding deity of añcita (honorific lit. ‘bent’), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Añcita represents one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha). Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.
Vāṇī is one of the sixteen deities presiding over the corresponding sixteen words of the elā-prabandha, all of which are defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”): a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Vāṇī (वाणी).—Speech; utterance; the same as वाच् (vāc) which is believed to be of four kinds as cited by the grammarians and explained by Bhartrhari; the four kinds are based upon the four places of origin, the three first places belonging to the inarticulate speech and the fourth belonging to the articulate one; cf. चत्वारि वाक्परिमिता पदानि तानि विदुर्ब्राह्मणा य मनीषिणः । गुहा त्रीणि निहिता नेङ्गयन्तिं तुरीयं वाचेी मनुष्या वदन्ति (catvāri vākparimitā padāni tāni vidurbrāhmaṇā ya manīṣiṇaḥ | guhā trīṇi nihitā neṅgayantiṃ turīyaṃ vāceी manuṣyā vadanti), M. Bh. I Ahnika 1 and the Pradipa and Uddyota thereon.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Languages of India and abroad
vāṇī : (f.) word; speech.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Vaṇi, (f.) (fr. van to desire) wish, request Ud. 53; J. IV, 404 (=yācana C.); cp. J. P. T. S. 1891, 18 See vana2 & cp. vaṇeti. (Page 596)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
vaṇī (वणी).—A form of the word pāṇī assumed in composition; as guḷavaṇī, miṭhavaṇī, ciñcavaṇī, kāḍhavaṇī.
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vāṇī (वाणी).—m (vāṇik S) A caste or an individual of it. They are corn-chandlers and grocers and retail dealers, a banyan. Pr. vāṇī dēta nāhīṃ āṇi ikaḍē purā tōla (The Wan̤i refuses to sell yet the other insists on having good weight.) Used where one is full and exact in his directions respecting the manner and particulars of an act which the other utterly refuses to perform. 2 A kind of manylegged and harmless worm. It is of blackish red, and it coils itself up on being touched. Otherwise called maṇḍaḷī or maṇḍāḷī.
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vāṇī (वाणी).—f (S) Speech; articulate utterance, or the faculty, or the divinity governing it. 2 A name of sarasvatī as the goddess of speech. vāṇī vadaṇēṃ or lavaṇēṃ To speak. Phrase used in remarking upon any speech considered as extraordinary. vāṇīvāṭēṃ nighaṇēṃ To be uttered.
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vāṇī (वाणी).—prep (vāṇa Color &c.) In the manner or similitude of; as or like. Ex. vēḍyāvāṇī kāya bōla- tōsa?
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vāṇī (वाणी).—f (uṇā) Deficiency, insufficiency, want, lack. See ex. under vāṇa f.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vaṇī (वणी).—A form of the word pāṇī assumed in composition; as guḷavaṇī, miṭhavaṇī, ciñcavaṇī &c.
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vāṇī (वाणी).—m A caste. f Speech. prep As or like.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Name of Agni.
2) A heap.
3) Asking, begging. -f. Desire, wish.
Derivable forms: vaniḥ (वनिः).
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Vanī (वनी).—A forest, wood, grove or thicket (of trees); पूगवनी (pūgavanī) Mv.7.13; अवनीतलमेव साधु मन्ये न वनी माघवनी विला- सहेतुः (avanītalameva sādhu manye na vanī māghavanī vilā- sahetuḥ) Jag; वनीमिमां ते पृतना प्रतनीमतनीयसीम् (vanīmimāṃ te pṛtanā pratanīmatanīyasīm) Śiva. B.19.1; कल्याणीं तु वनीमनीनयदहो कस्याप्यमृष्यन् वचः (kalyāṇīṃ tu vanīmanīnayadaho kasyāpyamṛṣyan vacaḥ) Viś. Guṇa.48.
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2) A weaver's loom.
3) Speech, words.
4) Name of Sarasvatī.
5) A cloud.
6) Price, value.
Derivable forms: vāṇiḥ (वाणिः).
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1) Speech, words, language; वाण्येका समलंकरोति पुरुषं या संस्कृता धार्यते (vāṇyekā samalaṃkaroti puruṣaṃ yā saṃskṛtā dhāryate) Bh.2.19.
2) Power of speech.
3) Sound, voice; केका वाणी मयूरस्य (kekā vāṇī mayūrasya) Ak.; so आकाशवाणी (ākāśavāṇī).
4) A literary production, a work or composition; मद्वाणि मा कुरु विषादमनादरेण मात्सर्यमग्नमनसां सहसा खलानाम् (madvāṇi mā kuru viṣādamanādareṇa mātsaryamagnamanasāṃ sahasā khalānām) Bv.4.41; U.7.2.
6) Sarasvatī, the goddess of learning; तव करकमलस्थां स्फाटिकीमक्षमालां, नखकिरणविभिन्नां दाडिमीबीजबुद्ध्या । अनुलवमनुकर्षन् येन कीरो निषिद्धः, स भवतु मम भूत्यै वाणि ते मन्दहासः (tava karakamalasthāṃ sphāṭikīmakṣamālāṃ, nakhakiraṇavibhinnāṃ dāḍimībījabuddhyā | anulavamanukarṣan yena kīro niṣiddhaḥ, sa bhavatu mama bhūtyai vāṇi te mandahāsaḥ) ||.
7) Eloquent speech.
9) Name of a metre consisting only of long syllables.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vaṇi (वणि).—(n) [, as in Pali vani (Jāt. vi.232.29), beggar; so most mss. at Mv i.87.14 (verse); but probably the true reading is vaśi(n), q.v., with Senart.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-niḥ) 1. Fire or its deity. 2. Wish, desire. E. van to worship, Unadi aff. in .
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Vāṇi (वाणि).—f. (-ṇiḥ or ṇī) 1. Weaving. 2. A weaver’s loom. 3. A species of the Ashti metre. E. vaṇ to sound, aff. ini; ṅīp optionally added.
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Vāṇī (वाणी).—f. (-ṇī) 1. Saraswati, the goddess of speech. 2. Speech, sound. 3. Voice, (as daivavāṇī). 4. Eloquence. 5. Praise. 6. A literary production. E. vaṇ to sound, aff. iñ and ṅīp or ṅīṣ added.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Ākāśavāṇī (आकाशवाणी).—f. (-ṇī) A voice from heaven. E. ākāśa and vāṇī speech.
Daivavāṇī (दैववाणी).—f. (-ṇī) A voice from heaven. E. daiva and vāṇī speech.
Devavāṇī (देववाणी).—'divine voice', a voice from heaven. Devavāṇī is a Sanskrit compound consis...
Antarvāṇi (अन्तर्वाणि) or Antarvvāṇi.—mfn. (-ṇiḥ-ṇiḥ-ṇi) Skilled in sacred sciences. E. antar i...
Vāravāṇi (वारवाणि).—1) a piper, player on a flute. 2) a musician. 3) a year. 4) a judge. -ṇiḥ f...
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gaḷavaṭa-vaṇḍa-vaṇā-vaṇī (गळवट-वंड-वणा-वणी).—ad (gaḷā, vat, vāṇī) Up to the neck or brim.
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Ṛjukavani (ऋजुकवनि).—a. granting auspicious gifts; स्मत् सूरिभिर्ऋजुहस्त ऋजुवनिः (smat sūribhir...
Ṛjuvani (ऋजुवनि).—a. granting auspicious gifts; स्मत् सूरिभिर्ऋजुहस्त ऋजुवनिः (smat sūribhirṛju...
Upamātivani (उपमातिवनि).—a. destroyer of an enemy (Sāy.); मा नोऽहिर्बुध्न्यो रिषे धादस्माकं भूद...
mōḍakā vāṇī (मोडका वाणी).—m A retail-dealer on a small scale; a petty dealer; a huckster.