Vanija, Vāṇija, Vaṇija: 12 definitions


Vanija means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Manblunder: Sri Rudram 2.7-13

Vāṇija (वाणिज) means a trader. He (Rudra) is the Lord of all traders/trade. Vāṇī means speech, language, words, diction, sound, voice, music. This means that He (Rudra) presides over speech, etc. (mantras and sound are interrelated).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vaṇija (वणिज).—A merchant.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 83. 61; 112. 16 and 20.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Vanija (वनिज) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Vanijī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Vanija] are whitish red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vāṇija.—(EI 15; LL), a merchant. Note: vāṇija is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Vāṇijaka.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vāṇija : (m.) a merchant; trader.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vāṇija, (fr. vaṇij (vaṇik): see vaṇijjā; lit. son of a merchant; Vedic vāṇija) a merchant, trader Vin. III, 6 (assa°); Sn. 614, 651, 1014; J. V, 156 (so read for va°); Pv. I, 106; Dāvs. I, 58; KhA 224; SnA 251; PvA. 47, 48, 100, 191, 215, 271. On similes with v. see J. P. T. S. 1907, 134. (Page 607)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaṇija (वणिज).—n S The name of the sixth astronomical karaṇa.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaṇija (वणिज).—

1) A merchant, trader.

2) The sign Libra of the zodiac.

Derivable forms: vaṇijaḥ (वणिजः).

--- OR ---

Vāṇija (वाणिज).—

1) A merchant.

2) The submarine fire.

3) The Libra sign of the zodiac.

Derivable forms: vāṇijaḥ (वाणिजः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vaṇija (वणिज).—(a-extension of Sanskrit vaṇij, § 15.7, compare prec.; occurs in Sanskrit as n. pr. (proper name) and in other mgs.; Sanskrit Lex. vaṇijaka in this meaning), merchant: vaṇija-gaṇena LV 385.13 (verse), similarly 16 (verse); °jāḥ 208.6 (prose); °jānāṃ 387.10 (prose).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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