Vanija, aka: Vāṇija, Vaṇija; 7 Definition(s)


Vanija means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vāṇija (वाणिज) means a trader. He (Rudra) is the Lord of all traders/trade. Vāṇī means speech, language, words, diction, sound, voice, music. This means that He (Rudra) presides over speech, etc. (mantras and sound are interrelated).

Source: Manblunder: Sri Rudram 2.7-13
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vanija in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vaṇija (वणिज).—A merchant.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 83. 61; 112. 16 and 20.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Vāṇija.—(EI 15; LL), a merchant. Note: vāṇija is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Vāṇijaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vanija in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vāṇija : (m.) a merchant; trader.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vāṇija, (fr. vaṇij (vaṇik): see vaṇijjā; lit. son of a merchant; Vedic vāṇija) a merchant, trader Vin. III, 6 (assa°); Sn. 614, 651, 1014; J. V, 156 (so read for va°); Pv. I, 106; Dāvs. I, 58; KhA 224; SnA 251; PvA. 47, 48, 100, 191, 215, 271. On similes with v. see J. P. T. S. 1907, 134. (Page 607)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vaṇija (वणिज).—n S The name of the sixth astronomical karaṇa.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaṇija (वणिज).—

1) A merchant, trader.

2) The sign Libra of the zodiac.

Derivable forms: vaṇijaḥ (वणिजः).

--- OR ---

Vāṇija (वाणिज).—

1) A merchant.

2) The submarine fire.

3) The Libra sign of the zodiac.

Derivable forms: vāṇijaḥ (वाणिजः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 28 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Loha-vāṇija.—(LL) an iron-monger. Note: loha-vāṇija is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glos...
Prehivāṇijā (प्रेहिवाणिजा).—a rite at which no merchants are allowed to be present. (See Gana t...
Kāraṇa (कारण, “cause”).—The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣikas divide cause (kāraṇa) into three types. Annaṃbhaṭṭ...
Brāhmaṇa (ब्राह्मण).—m. (-ṇaḥ) A man of the first Hindu tribe, a Brahman. n. (-ṇaṃ) 1. An assem...
Vāruṇi (वारुणि).—m. (-ṇiḥ) The saint Agastya. E. varuṇa Varuna, iñ aff. of descent.--- OR --- V...
Madhu (मधु).—mfn. (-dhuḥ-dhvī-dhu) Sweet, literally or figuratively. n. (-dhu) 1. Spirituous li...
Kūṭa.—(IA 7), cf. Rāṣṭrakūṭa, Deśakūṭa, Grāmakūṭa. Note: kūṭa is defined in the “Indian epigrap...
Kūla (कूल) refers to a name-ending for place-names according to Pāṇini VI.2.129. Pāṇini also ca...
Pañca (पञ्च) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes dioica...
Va (व).—The twenty-ninth consonant of the Nagari alphabet, or more properly the semi vowel V; i...
Vaṇika (वणिक).—(perh. hyper-Sanskrit for Prakrit vaṇiya = next; or, a-extension of Sanskrit vaṇ...
Vāṇijjā, (f.) (fr. vāṇija, cp. vaṇijjā) trade, trading Vin. IV, 6 (as one of the exalted profes...
Vaṇijaka (वणिजक).—A merchant.Derivable forms: vaṇijakaḥ (वणिजकः).
Kamma.—(IE 8-6; EI 12, 19), Kannaḍa; same as stambha= skambha; a land measure equal to one-hund...
Jeṭṭhaka, =jeṭṭha J. I, 253; II, 101 (°tāpasa); III, 281 (°kam māra: head of the silversmith’...

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