Stambhana: 14 definitions



Stambhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (S) next»] — Stambhana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Stambhana (स्तम्भन, “retaining”).—One of the six Upakramas, or ‘therapeutic measures’.—It is a Sanskrit technical term used through Ayurvedic (Indian medicine) literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā. The six Upakramas represent basic Ayurvedic therapies. The Stambhana treatment refers to a “blocking/ stopping treatment” or “astringent therapy” and aims to ‘contract/retain’ the flow of bodily fluids, including sweat, urine, blood and faeces.

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context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Stambhana (स्तम्भन, “motionlessness”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the thighs (ūru), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 10. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Natya Shastra

Stambhana (स्तम्भन, “motionlessness”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the thighs (ūru);—Instructions: suspension of movement. Uses: in perturbation and despair.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Stambhana in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Stambhana (स्तम्भन) refers to “immobilizing others” and represents a ritual according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 70-71: “one should fix the mind firmly, focusing on the four-petalled lotus of the secret place at the bottom. One will accomplish the rasa-siddhi, likewise, vaśya, ākṛṣṭi, kālavacana (cheating death), kāryārambhana (operation) of poison, bhūta, and so on, gamāgama (going to and fro), sārasvata (acquiring eloquence), and stambhana, through japa, using the leftward flow [of prāṇa (breath)]”.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Stambhana (स्तम्भन) refers to one of the eight charnel grounds (śmaśāna) of the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. Stambhana is associated with the tree (vṛkṣa) named Rudra; with the female world-guardian (lokapālinī) named Vāyubhāryā; with a female serpent (nāginī) and with a female cloud (meghinī).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Stambhana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

stambhana (स्तंभन).—n (S) Stopping, arresting and bringing to a stand: also obstructing, preventing progress or motion. 2 (See saptōpacāra) Suppressing (as of any of the functions or faculties of an animal by ma- gical incantations, or by medicines or any measures): also fixing of any of the limbs or members. 3 Anything (a charm, a medicine &c.) by which suppression or stoppage (of a function &c.) is accomplished. 4 Restraining the semen (through medicine or mantra): also the medicine &c. effecting this restraint.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

stambhana (स्तंभन).—n Stopping; suppressing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Stambhana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Stambhana (स्तम्भन).—[stambhayati stambh-ṇic lyuṭ]

1) Stopping, obstructing, hindering, arresting, suppressing, restraining; लोलोल्लोलक्षुभितकरणोज्जृम्भणस्तम्भनार्थम् (lolollolakṣubhitakaraṇojjṛmbhaṇastambhanārtham) U.3.36.

2) Paralysing, benumbing, stupefying.

3) Quieting, composure; पराङ्मुखेऽपि दैवेऽत्र कृत्यं कार्यं विपश्चिता । आत्मदोष- विनाशाय खचित्तस्तम्भनाय च (parāṅmukhe'pi daive'tra kṛtyaṃ kāryaṃ vipaścitā | ātmadoṣa- vināśāya khacittastambhanāya ca) || Pt.1.36.

4) Making firm or stiff, fixing firmly.

5) Propping, supporting.

6) Stopping the flow of blood.

7) Anything employed as an astringent.

8) A particular magical art or faculty; see स्तम्भ (stambha) (1).

-naḥ Name of one of the five arrows of Cupid.

Derivable forms: stambhanam (स्तम्भनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stambhana (स्तम्भन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Stopping, hindering, obstruction. 2. Suppression of any of the bodily faculties by magical incantations. 3. Stopping the flow of blood, &c. 4. Any article so employed, a styptic, an astringent. 5. Stunning, benumbing. 6. Propping, supporting. m.

(-naḥ) An epithet of one of the five arrows of Kamadeva. E. ṣṭabhi to stop, aff. yuc or lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stambhana (स्तम्भन).—[stambh + ana], I. m. One of Kāma’s arrows. Ii. n. 1. Supporting, holding upright, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 405. 2. Stopping. 3. Suppressing the use of the faculties by magic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stambhana (स्तम्भन).—([feminine] ī) & [neuter] laming, paralyzing, fixing, stopping, restraining.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Stambhana (स्तम्भन):—[from stabh] mf(ī)n. stiffening, making rigid or immovable, paralyzing, [Kāvya literature; Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

2) [v.s. ...] stopping, arresting, checking, restraining, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] styptic, astringent, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] m. ‘paralyzer’, Name of one of the five arrows of Kāma-deva, [Catalogue(s)]

5) [from stabh] n. the act of turning into a pillar (See rambhā-st)

6) [v.s. ...] strengthening, supporting, [Kāvya literature; Pañcarātra]

7) [v.s. ...] becoming stiff or rigid, [Suśruta]

8) [v.s. ...] making stiff or rigid, paralysing, [Vāsavadattā; Bālarāmāyaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] a means of making stiff or rigid, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

10) [v.s. ...] stopping, arresting (also by magical means), [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] stopping flow of blood etc.

12) [v.s. ...] a styptic or astringent, [Caraka]

13) [v.s. ...] a [particular] magical art or faculty (See under stambha and cf. jala-stambhana).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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