Stana: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Stana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Stana (स्तन) refers to “breasts”, which is mentioned in verse 3.15 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Passionate (and) lovely women with exuberant thighs, breasts [viz., pīvara-stana], and buttocks take away the cold, their body being hot with incense, saffron, and youth. [...]”.

Note: The possessive compound pīvara-ūru-stana-śroṇī—“with exuberant thighs, breasts, and buttocks” has been resolved as usual by means of modal accusatives: nu-ma brla daṅ ro-smad rgyas—“exuberant in breasts, thighs, and buttocks [lit., lower parts]”, with ūru and stana transposed.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Stana (स्तन):—[stanaḥ] Breast

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Stana (स्तन) refers to the “breasts”, according to the Tantrasadbhāva, an important Trika Tantra and a major authority for Kashmiri Trika Śaivites.—Accordingly, while describing Raudrī (Rudraśakti): “She is beautiful and has beautiful breasts [i.e., su-stana]. She has two arms and three eyes and is endowed with all the ornaments. She is adorned with matted hair and a crown. She holds a skull in her left hand that is filled with nectar. Adorned with necklace and anklets, one should think of her as devoted to eating and drinking”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Stana (स्तन) refers to the “human breast”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).— Accordingly, “Maṇi Ketu is a comet which appears for only 3 hours occasionally; it possesses an invisible disc and appears in the west; its tail is straight and white and it resembles a line of milk drawn from a human breast [i.e., stana-udgata]. There will be happiness in the land from the very time of its appearance for four and a half months; reptiles and venomous creatures will come into existence”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Stana (स्तन) refers to the “breast”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 9.—Accordingly, “[...] [The Lord spoke]:—[...] On one half, there should be a forehead mark; on one half a [forehead] eye. A ring [should be] in one ear; a [pendant] ear-ornament in one ear. He should put a trident in his right hand and a breast (stana) on his left side, a girdle on the left half, a bangle on the left arm, a woman’s anklet on the left leg, a man’s anklet on the right leg and a muñja-grass belt. At the hips, he should put a loin-cloth on the right and wear a woman’s garment on the left.”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

stana (स्तन).—n (S) A teat, pap, dug, a female breast in general. Applied also to the teat or nipple of a male. stana dēṇēṃ To give the breast. Ex. kṣadhita mī stana dē maja laukarī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

stana (स्तन).—n A teat, pap, in a female breast. stana dēṇēṃ Give the breast, suckle.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Stana (स्तन).—[stan-ac]

1) The female breast; स्तनौ मांसग्रन्थी कनककलशावित्युपमितौ (stanau māṃsagranthī kanakakalaśāvityupamitau) Bhartṛhari 3.2; (daridrāṇāṃ manorathāḥ) हृदयेष्वेव लीयन्ते विधवास्त्रीस्तनाविवं (hṛdayeṣveva līyante vidhavāstrīstanāvivaṃ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.91.

2) The nipple of the breast.

3) The breast, udder, or dug of any female animal; अर्धपीतस्तनं मातुरामर्दक्लिष्टकेशरम् (ardhapītastanaṃ māturāmardakliṣṭakeśaram) Ś.7.14.

Derivable forms: stanaḥ (स्तनः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stana (स्तन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. The female bosom or breast. 2. An udder or dug of any female animal. E. stan to sound, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stana (स्तन).—m. The nipple, the female breast, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 7; [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 98.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stana (स्तन).—[masculine] the breast of a woman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Stana (स्तन):—[from stan] m. (or n. [gana] ardharcādi ifc. ā or ī; derivation doubtful, but [probably] connected with √stan, from the hollow resonance of the human breast), the female breast (either human or animal), teat, dug, udder, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the nipple (of the female or the male breast), [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of pin or peg on a vessel shaped like a teat, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Stana (स्तन):—(ki) stanati stanayati 1. a. To thunder.

2) (naḥ) 1. m. The female bosom or breast.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Stana (स्तन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Thaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Stana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Stana (स्तन) [Also spelled stan]:—(nm) the female breast; udder; -[cacuka/mukha] teat, nipple; ~[dhāra] a mammal; ~[pāna] sucking of the (female) breast; ~[pāyī] a mammal, sucking (babe or otherwise); ~[yukta] mammiferous; —[vāle prāṇī] the mammals.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Stana (ಸ್ತನ):—

1) [noun] either of two milk-secreting glands protruding from the upper, front part of a woman’s body; the breast.

2) [noun] the small protuberance on a breast through which, in the women, the milk passes in suckling the baby; the nipple.

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Stāna (ಸ್ತಾನ):—

1) [noun] a position (in society, professional field, etc.); a rank.

2) [noun] a person who originally belongs to or the oldest inhabitant of a place.

3) [noun] a temple of a bhūta, a demi-god.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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