Stana: 18 definitions
Stana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Stana (स्तन) refers to “breasts”, which is mentioned in verse 3.15 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Passionate (and) lovely women with exuberant thighs, breasts [viz., pīvara-stana], and buttocks take away the cold, their body being hot with incense, saffron, and youth. [...]”.
Note: The possessive compound pīvara-ūru-stana-śroṇī—“with exuberant thighs, breasts, and buttocks” has been resolved as usual by means of modal accusatives: nu-ma brla daṅ ro-smad rgyas—“exuberant in breasts, thighs, and buttocks [lit., lower parts]”, with ūru and stana transposed.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Stana (स्तन):—[stanaḥ] Breast
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Stana (स्तन) refers to the “breasts”, according to the Tantrasadbhāva, an important Trika Tantra and a major authority for Kashmiri Trika Śaivites.—Accordingly, while describing Raudrī (Rudraśakti): “She is beautiful and has beautiful breasts [i.e., su-stana]. She has two arms and three eyes and is endowed with all the ornaments. She is adorned with matted hair and a crown. She holds a skull in her left hand that is filled with nectar. Adorned with necklace and anklets, one should think of her as devoted to eating and drinking”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Stana (स्तन) refers to the “human breast”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).— Accordingly, “Maṇi Ketu is a comet which appears for only 3 hours occasionally; it possesses an invisible disc and appears in the west; its tail is straight and white and it resembles a line of milk drawn from a human breast [i.e., stana-udgata]. There will be happiness in the land from the very time of its appearance for four and a half months; reptiles and venomous creatures will come into existence”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions
Stana (स्तन) refers to the “breast”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 9.—Accordingly, “[...] [The Lord spoke]:—[...] On one half, there should be a forehead mark; on one half a [forehead] eye. A ring [should be] in one ear; a [pendant] ear-ornament in one ear. He should put a trident in his right hand and a breast (stana) on his left side, a girdle on the left half, a bangle on the left arm, a woman’s anklet on the left leg, a man’s anklet on the right leg and a muñja-grass belt. At the hips, he should put a loin-cloth on the right and wear a woman’s garment on the left.”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi
Stana (स्तन) refers to the “breasts” and is associated with the syllable oṃ, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “[Do caturviṃśati-aṅga nyāsa; Touch twenty-one parts of one’s body with right middle finger, and recite seed syllables] ... Oṃ on the breasts (oṃ stanayo)”.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
stana (स्तन).—n (S) A teat, pap, dug, a female breast in general. Applied also to the teat or nipple of a male. stana dēṇēṃ To give the breast. Ex. kṣadhita mī stana dē maja laukarī.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
stana (स्तन).—n A teat, pap, in a female breast. stana dēṇēṃ Give the breast, suckle.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) The female breast; स्तनौ मांसग्रन्थी कनककलशावित्युपमितौ (stanau māṃsagranthī kanakakalaśāvityupamitau) Bhartṛhari 3.2; (daridrāṇāṃ manorathāḥ) हृदयेष्वेव लीयन्ते विधवास्त्रीस्तनाविवं (hṛdayeṣveva līyante vidhavāstrīstanāvivaṃ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.91.
2) The nipple of the breast.
3) The breast, udder, or dug of any female animal; अर्धपीतस्तनं मातुरामर्दक्लिष्टकेशरम् (ardhapītastanaṃ māturāmardakliṣṭakeśaram) Ś.7.14.
Derivable forms: stanaḥ (स्तनः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naḥ) 1. The female bosom or breast. 2. An udder or dug of any female animal. E. stan to sound, aff. ac .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Stana (स्तन).—m. The nipple, the female breast, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 7; [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 98.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Stana (स्तन).—[masculine] the breast of a woman.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Stana (स्तन):—[from stan] m. (or n. [gana] ardharcādi ifc. ā or ī; derivation doubtful, but [probably] connected with √stan, from the hollow resonance of the human breast), the female breast (either human or animal), teat, dug, udder, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
2) [v.s. ...] the nipple (of the female or the male breast), [Suśruta]
3) [v.s. ...] a kind of pin or peg on a vessel shaped like a teat, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Stana (स्तन):—(ki) stanati stanayati 1. a. To thunder.
2) (naḥ) 1. m. The female bosom or breast.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Stana (स्तन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Thaṇa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Stana (स्तन) [Also spelled stan]:—(nm) the female breast; udder; -[cacuka/mukha] teat, nipple; ~[dhāra] a mammal; ~[pāna] sucking of the (female) breast; ~[pāyī] a mammal, sucking (babe or otherwise); ~[yukta] mammiferous; —[vāle prāṇī] the mammals.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] either of two milk-secreting glands protruding from the upper, front part of a woman’s body; the breast.
2) [noun] the small protuberance on a breast through which, in the women, the milk passes in suckling the baby; the nipple.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] a position (in society, professional field, etc.); a rank.
2) [noun] a person who originally belongs to or the oldest inhabitant of a place.
3) [noun] a temple of a bhūta, a demi-god.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+64): Stanabala, Stanabandha, Stanabhara, Stanabhava, Stanabhoga, Stanabhuj, Stanabhuja, Stanachuchuka, Stanacucuka, Stanadatri, Stanadhatri, Stanadvanda, Stanadveshin, Stanagra, Stanagraha, Stanahara, Stanaka, Stanakalasha, Stanakeshavati, Stanakoraka.
Ends with (+101): Abhinishtana, Abhishtana, Adhastana, Adhishthana, Adishtana, Aishamastana, Ajagalastana, Alabustana, Ambashtana, Amgushtana, Anguliveshtana, Angustana, Anicaistana, Apastana, Aratisthana, Ashtastana, Ashvastana, Astana, Atistana, Aveshtana.
Full-text (+126): Stanamukha, Stanavrinta, Stanakudmala, Stanashikha, Stanagra, Gostana, Stanabhoga, Stanapayin, Stanapana, Stanamandala, Stanatyaga, Stanabala, Stanabhuj, Stanacucuka, Stanya, Stanapayaka, Stanottariya, Stanagraha, Khastani, Stanabhara.
Search found 40 books and stories containing Stana, Stāna; (plurals include: Stanas, Stānas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 7.96.6 < [Sukta 96]
Rig Veda 1.169.4 < [Sukta 169]
Rig Veda 1.164.49 < [Sukta 164]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 1.14.43 < [Chapter 14 - The Liberation of Śakaṭāsura and Tṛṇāvarta]
Verse 1.13.31 < [Chapter 13 - The Liberation of Pūtanā]
Verse 1.13.24 < [Chapter 13 - The Liberation of Pūtanā]
Rivers in Ancient India (study) (by Archana Sarma)
1(h). Sarasvatī and Sarasvān < [Chapter 2 - The Rivers in the Saṃhitā Literature]
1(b). The anthropomorphic description of Sarasvatī < [Chapter 2 - The Rivers in the Saṃhitā Literature]
4a. Sarasvatī’s relation with Brahmā < [Chapter 5 - Rivers in the Purāṇic Literature]
Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana (by Gaurapada Dāsa)
Text 9.43 [necklace diagram] < [Chapter 9 - Ornaments of Sound]
Text 10.38 < [Chapter 10 - Ornaments of Meaning]
Text 11.37 < [Chapter 11 - Additional Ornaments]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.11.57 < [Chapter 11 - The Characteristics of Nityānanda]
Verse 2.7.77 < [Chapter 7 - The Meeting of Gadādhara and Puṇḍarīka]
Verse 3.6.104 < [Chapter 6 - The Glories of Śrī Nityānanda Prabhu]
The Practice Manual of Noble Tārā Kurukullā (by Dharmachakra Translation Committee)