Satkarman, aka: Shatkarman, Ṣaṭkarman, Shash-karman, Sat-karman; 4 Definition(s)
Satkarman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Ṣaṭkarman can be transliterated into English as Satkarman or Shatkarman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Satkarman (सत्कर्मन्).—A son of Dhṛtavrata, and father of Adhiratha.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 12.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Ṣaṭkarman (षट्कर्मन्) is also known as karmaṣaṭka, mentioned in both Hindu and Buddhist tantras, represents a variety of rituals that aim for mundane attainments. The set of six generally consists of:
- Śānti (expelling evil),
- Vaśya (controlling others),
- Stambhana (immobilizing others),
- Uccātana (extirpating enemies),
- Vidveṣa (provoking enmity),
- Māraṇa (killing others).
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
Ṣaṭkarman (षट्कर्मन्).—n. (ṣaṭkarman) 1 the six acts or duties enjoined on a Brāhmaṇa; they are अध्यापनमध्ययनं यजनं याजनं तथा । दानं प्रतिग्रहश्चैव षट्कर्माण्यग्र- जन्मनः (adhyāpanamadhyayanaṃ yajanaṃ yājanaṃ tathā | dānaṃ pratigrahaścaiva ṣaṭkarmāṇyagra- janmanaḥ) || Ms.1.75.
2) the six acts allowable to a Brāhmaṇa for his subsistence:उच्छं प्रतिग्रहो भिक्षा वाणिज्यं पशुपालनम् । कृषिकर्म तथा चेति षट्कर्माण्यग्रजन्मनः (ucchaṃ pratigraho bhikṣā vāṇijyaṃ paśupālanam | kṛṣikarma tathā ceti ṣaṭkarmāṇyagrajanmanaḥ) ||.
3) the six acts that may be performed by means of magic :शान्ति, वशीकरण, स्तम्भन, विद्वेष, उच्चाटन (śānti, vaśīkaraṇa, stambhana, vidveṣa, uccāṭana) and मरण (maraṇa).
4) the six acts belonging to the practice of Yoga :धौतिर्वस्ती तथा नेती नौलिकी (dhautirvastī tathā netī naulikī) (naulikaḥ) त्राटकस्तथा । कपालभाती चैतानि षट्कर्माणि समाचरेत् (trāṭakastathā | kapālabhātī caitāni ṣaṭkarmāṇi samācaret) || (-m.)
1) a Brāhmaṇa skilled in the above six acts.
2) one well-versed in the Tantra magical rites.
Ṣaṭkarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ṣaṣ and karman (कर्मन्).
--- OR ---
1) a virtuous or pious act.
2) virtue, piety.
3) funeral obsequies.
Satkarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sat and karman (कर्मन्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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