Satkarman, Shatkarman, Ṣaṭkarman, Shash-karman, Sat-karman: 7 definitions

Introduction

Satkarman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣaṭkarman can be transliterated into English as Satkarman or Shatkarman, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satkarman in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Satkarman (सत्कर्मन्).—A son of Dhṛtavrata, and father of Adhiratha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 12.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satkarman in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Ṣaṭkarman (षट्कर्मन्) is also known as karmaṣaṭka, mentioned in both Hindu and Buddhist tantras, represents a variety of rituals that aim for mundane attainments. The set of six generally consists of:

  1. Śānti (expelling evil),
  2. Vaśya (controlling others),
  3. Stambhana (immobilizing others),
  4. Uccātana (extirpating enemies),
  5. Vidveṣa (provoking enmity),
  6. Māraṇa (killing others).
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ṣaṭ-karman.—(SII 1), the six duties of a Brāhmaṇa. Note: ṣaṭ-karman is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Satkarman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṣaṭkarman (षट्कर्मन्).—n. (ṣaṭkarman) 1 the six acts or duties enjoined on a Brāhmaṇa; they are अध्यापनमध्ययनं यजनं याजनं तथा । दानं प्रतिग्रहश्चैव षट्कर्माण्यग्र- जन्मनः (adhyāpanamadhyayanaṃ yajanaṃ yājanaṃ tathā | dānaṃ pratigrahaścaiva ṣaṭkarmāṇyagra- janmanaḥ) || Ms.1.75.

2) the six acts allowable to a Brāhmaṇa for his subsistence:उच्छं प्रतिग्रहो भिक्षा वाणिज्यं पशुपालनम् । कृषिकर्म तथा चेति षट्कर्माण्यग्रजन्मनः (ucchaṃ pratigraho bhikṣā vāṇijyaṃ paśupālanam | kṛṣikarma tathā ceti ṣaṭkarmāṇyagrajanmanaḥ) ||.

3) the six acts that may be performed by means of magic :शान्ति, वशीकरण, स्तम्भन, विद्वेष, उच्चाटन (śānti, vaśīkaraṇa, stambhana, vidveṣa, uccāṭana) and मरण (maraṇa).

4) the six acts belonging to the practice of Yoga :धौतिर्वस्ती तथा नेती नौलिकी (dhautirvastī tathā netī naulikī) (naulikaḥ) त्राटकस्तथा । कपालभाती चैतानि षट्कर्माणि समाचरेत् (trāṭakastathā | kapālabhātī caitāni ṣaṭkarmāṇi samācaret) || (-m.)

1) a Brāhmaṇa skilled in the above six acts.

2) one well-versed in the Tantra magical rites.

Ṣaṭkarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ṣaṣ and karman (कर्मन्).

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Satkarman (सत्कर्मन्).—n.

1) a virtuous or pious act.

2) virtue, piety.

3) funeral obsequies.

4) expiation.

5) hospitality.

Satkarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sat and karman (कर्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satkarman (सत्कर्मन्).—i. e. sant (ptcple. pres. of 1. as), -karman, n. 1. A good act. 2. Virtue. 3. Hospitality. 4. Funeral obsequies. 5. Expiation.

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Ṣaṭkarman (षट्कर्मन्).—m. a Brāhmaṇa who performs the six acts proper for him.

Ṣaṭkarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ṣaṣ and karman (कर्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṣaṭkarman (षट्कर्मन्):—[=ṣaṭ-karman] [from ṣaṭ > ṣaṣ] n. the six duties of Brāhmans (viz. adhyayana, ‘studying or repeating the Veda’, adhyāpana, ‘teaching the V°’, yajana ‘offering sacrifices’, yājana, ‘conducting them for others’, dāna, ‘giving’, and pratigraha, ‘accepting gifts’), [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc. (the six daily duties [according to] to the later law-books, are, snāna, ‘religious bathing’, saṃdhyājapa, ‘repetition of prayers at the three Saṃdhyās’, brahma-yajña, ‘worship of the Supreme Being by repeating the first words of sacred books’, tarpaṇa, ‘daily oblations of water to the gods, sages, and Pitṛs’, homa, ‘oblations of fuel, rice etc. to fire’, deva-pūjā, ‘worship of the secondary gods either in the domestic sanctuary or in temples’), [Parāśara-smṛti; Religious Thought and Life in India 394]

2) [v.s. ...] six acts any one of which is allowable to a Brāhman householder as a means of subsistence (viz. ṛta, ‘gleaning’, amṛta, ‘unsolicited alms’, mṛta, ‘solicited alms’, karṣaṇa, ‘agriculture’, satyānṛta, ‘commerce or trade’, śva-vṛtti, ‘servitude’, the last being condemned), [Manu-smṛti iv, 4, 5, 6, 9]

3) [v.s. ...] six acts belonging to the practice of Yoga (viz. dhautī, vastī, netī, trāṭaka, naulika, kapāla-bhātī, these consist of suppressions of the breath and self-mortifications of various kinds), [Catalogue(s)]

4) [v.s. ...] six acts for inflicting various kinds of injury on enemies (viz. śānti, vaśya, stambhana, vidveṣa, uccāṭana, māraṇa, qq.vv.; these acts consist in repeating certain magical spells and texts taught in the Tantras), [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a performer of the above six acts, a Brāhman who is an adept in the Tantra magical formularies, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata]

6) Satkarman (सत्कर्मन्):—[=sat-karman] [from sat] n. a good work, virtuous act, [Purāṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

7) [v.s. ...] virtue, piety, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] hospitality, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] funeral obsequies, [ib.]

10) [v.s. ...] expiation, [ib.]

11) [v.s. ...] mfn. performing good actions, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

12) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Dhṛta-vrata, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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