Srishti, Sṛṣṭi, Sṛṣṭī: 24 definitions


Srishti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Sṛṣṭi and Sṛṣṭī can be transliterated into English as Srsti or Srishti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Srashti.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि, “creation”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Sṛṣṭivināyaka, Sṛṣṭigaṇeśa and Sṛṣṭivighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.

Sṛṣṭi is positioned in the South-Western corner of the sixth circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “Kalika Gali, out of D 8 / 3”. Worshippers of Sṛṣṭi will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the controller of creation and reliever from strivers”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.18583, Lon. 83.00625 (or, 25°11'09.0"N, 83°00'22.5"E) (Google maps)

Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

Sṛṣṭi, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि).—(creation) The Indian theory of creation is given below: Triguṇas (The three attributes). The base of the universe is the set of the three attributes. They are Sattva (purity), Rajas (passion) and Tamas (inertia). Only things which could be seen, possess these three attributes. Things which could be seen are perishable. The indestructible could not be seen. Shape or form is an attribute. God has no form. So god is without attributes. The God devoid of attributes can be realised by knowledge, but cannot be seen with the ordinary eyes. The three attributes have a power each. Knowledge is the power of Sattva, activity, the power of Rajas and reason the power of Tamas. (See full article at Story of Sṛṣṭi from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि) refers to the “work of creation”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.15:—“[...] when God Śiva vanished, I, Pitāmaha (grandfather) of the worlds fell into contemplation (dhyāna) pondering on the means of carrying out His words of direction. Then after bowing down to Śiva, getting knowledge (jñāna) from Viṣṇu and attaining the highest bliss (parānanda), I decided to start the work of creation (sṛṣṭi)”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि).—A son of Ugrasena.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 24.

1b) Creation is of three kinds in primitive times —at will, at mere sight and at a simple touch. But after Dakṣa's epoch creation by sexual union came into being; (in the Vaivasvata epoch, came sexual union Br. P.);1 creation starting when the balance of the guṇas is disturbed;2 according to Sānkhya.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 4. 3; II. 37. 48; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 2; Vāyu-purāṇa 63. 45.
  • 2) Ib. 5. 9.
  • 3) Ib. 4. 46-90.

1c) A son of Dhruva; asked his own shadow to become a woman, and this was Chāyā, mother of five sons, Prācīnagarbha and others.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 96-8.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि) refers to one of the four sons of Dhruva: the son of Uttānapāda and grandson of Manu-svāyaṃbhuva and Śatarūpā, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Uttānapāda’s son was Dhruva who achieved the highest place of worshipping Nārāyaṇa. Dhruva had four sons—Sṛṣṭi, Dhanya, Harya and Śaṃbhu; they all were Vaiṣṇavas. Chāyā gave birth to five sons of Sṛṣṭi; they were Ripu, Ripuṃjaya, Vipra, Vṛṣala and Vṛkatejas.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि) refers to “emanations”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—The Kularatnoddyota enumerates a series of emanations (sṛṣṭi) projected out of their corresponding metaphysical principles progressively down into outer gross manifestation.

They are:

  1. The emanation from Śiva (Śāmbhavī).
  2. The emanation from the goddess.
  3. The emanation from the Īśvara principle.
  4. The emanation from the Vidyā principle.
  5. The emanation pertaining to Puruṣa.
  6. The emanation from Prakṛti.
  7. The emanation from Brahmā.

The physical universe (brahmāṇḍa) is generated through the last four forms of emanation. The first three are concerned with the emanation of the inner energies and the original, ideal components of the universe that is to be emanated further down at grosser levels. The higher form of emanation generates the principles below it.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि) or Sṛṣṭiśakti refers to “cosmic manifestation”, according to the Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta 2.20.246 (“The Science of the Absolute Truth”).—(Cf. Śaktyāveśa).—The śaktyāveśa-avatāras are categorized into (1) forms of divine absorption (bhagavad-āveśa), such as Kapiladeva or ṛṣabhadeva, and (2) divinely empowered forms (śaktyāveśa), of whom seven are foremost: [i.e., (3) Lord Brahmā, empowered with the energy to create the cosmic manifestation (sṛṣṭi-śakti), [...]”.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि) refers to the “birth” or “rebirth”, according to the Svacchandatantra 11.182-184.—Accordingly, “It is called Atimārga because it is beyond the mental dispositions. It is taught as ‘atimārga’ because the doctrine is beyond the worlds. And the lokas are designated ‘bound souls’, in the cycle of birth and death (sṛṣṭi-saṃhāra-vartman). They who are established in the atimārga, [that is to say] the followers of the observance of the skull and the Pāśupatas, they are to be known as beyond them. There is no rebirth (sṛṣṭi) for them and they abide in [the reality of] Īśvara, in [the world of] Dhruva”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Srishti in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि) refers to the “creation” (of people), according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “Know bindu to be of two kinds, male and female (vanitā). Semen (bīja) is said to be the male [bindu] and rajas (female generative fluid) is female. As a result of their external union people are created (sṛṣṭi). When they are united internally, then one is declared a Yogi. [...]

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि) refers to “creation”, according to verse 10.16 of Sureśvarācārya’s Mānasollāsa.—Accordingly, “By merely his own will, [the Yogin] is the agent of creation (sṛṣṭi), preservation and destruction of worlds [lokānāṃ sṛṣṭisthityantakartṛtā] and the master of the sun and so on. This is called [the Siddhi of] sovereignty”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4U: Jaina Pāribhāṣika Śabdakośa

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि) or Sṛṣṭividyā refers to a type of Vidyā (occult science) as defined in the Jaina Pāribhāṣika Śabdakośa.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Sṛṣṭī is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (e.g., Sṛṣṭī) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Sṛṣṭī) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि).—f (S) Creating or making; joining, attaching, forming. Pr. pratijīvīṃ sṛṣṭi bhinna. 2 The expansion or development of Brahma constituting the universal system. Ex.of comp. manōrathasṛṣṭi Mental creation, castle-building: also mental creations, pictures, or phantasms: also fictions of the imagination. svapnasṛṣṭi Dreams, the illusory creation of Morpheus. jīvasṛṣṭi The creation of the Soul or Self; the objects and relations as subsisting, whether with or without correspondence with the external world, in the affections and apprehensions of the sentient principle. māyika sṛṣṭi The unreal representations of necromancy or sorcery; the unreal appearances of the material universe; illusory or false exhibitions generally. Also kalpa- nāsṛṣṭi, mānasī sṛṣṭi, āsurī sṛṣṭi, bhūtasṛṣṭi, brahmasṛṣṭi, viśvāmitrasṛṣṭi &c. Of these such as demand explanation will be found in order.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि).—f Creation; the world. Nature, the physical nature.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि).—f. [sṛj-ktin]

1) Creation, anything created; किं मानसी सृष्टिः (kiṃ mānasī sṛṣṭiḥ) Ś.4; या सृष्टिः स्रष्टुराद्या (yā sṛṣṭiḥ sraṣṭurādyā) Ś.1.1; स्त्रीरत्नसृष्टि- रपरा प्रतिभाति सा मे (strīratnasṛṣṭi- raparā pratibhāti sā me) Ś.2.1; सृष्टिरोद्येव धातुः (sṛṣṭirodyeva dhātuḥ) Meghadūta 84; Bhāg. 1.19.16.

2) The creation of the world.

3) Nature, natural property.

4) Letting loose, emission.

5) Giving away, a gift; सृष्टिर्मृष्टिर्द्विजाश्चाग्र्याः श्राद्धकर्मसु संपदः (sṛṣṭirmṛṣṭirdvijāścāgryāḥ śrāddhakarmasu saṃpadaḥ) Ms. 3.255.

6) The existence of properties or qualities.

7) The absence of properties.

8) Offspring (saṃtāna); संसृष्टा ब्राह्मणैरेव त्रिषु वर्णेषु सृष्टयः (saṃsṛṣṭā brāhmaṇaireva triṣu varṇeṣu sṛṣṭayaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.6.42.

Derivable forms: sṛṣṭiḥ (सृष्टिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि).—f.

(-ṣṭiḥ) 1. Creation, creating. 2. Nature, natural property or disposition. 3. The absence of properties. 4. The existence of properties or qualities. 5. Giving away, gift. 6. Letting loose. E. sṛj to create or abandon, aff. ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि).—i. e. sṛj + ti, f. 1. Creation, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 8, 18; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 25; with ādyā, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 1, The first creation, i. e. water. 2. Nature. 3. A liberal gift, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 255.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि).—[feminine] letting loose, emission, creation ([abstract] & concr.), production; nature, character; spending, liberality.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि):—[from sṛj] f. (once in [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] sṛṣṭi) letting go, letting loose, emission, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] production, procreation, creation, the creation of the world (ā sṛṣṭeḥ, ‘from the beginning of the world’; sṛṣṭiṃ kuru, ‘produce offspring’; cf. manoratha-sṛ), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] nature, natural property or disposition, [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] the absence or existence of properties (?), [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] distribution of gifts, liberality, [Manu-smṛti iii, 255]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of brick, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] Gmelina Arborea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Ugra-sena, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि):—(ṣṭiḥ) 2. f. Creation; nature.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Siṭṭhi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Srishti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Srishti in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि) [Also spelled srashti]:—(nf) creation; the world; ~[kartā] Creator (of the world); -[vijñāna/śāstra] cosmology; ~[vaijñānika] a cosmologist; cosmological; ~[śāstrīya] cosmological.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sṛṣṭi (ಸೃಷ್ಟಿ):—

1) [noun] a creating or being created.

2) [noun] that which is so created.

3) [noun] the universe and everything in it; all the world; creation.

4) [noun] something produced in imitation of something genuine.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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