Srashtri, Sraṣṭṛ: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Srashtri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sraṣṭṛ can be transliterated into English as Srastr or Srashtri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sraṣṭṛ (स्रष्टृ) or Saṃsraṣṭṛ refers to a “creator”, according to the Kularatnoddyota verse 2.29-33.—Accordingly, “[...] Such (also) is this Krama lineage that has come down through the sequence of the series (of teachers). O mistress of Kula, it is worshipped by the troupes of Siddhas and by the Yoginīs. This is the reality of my life, O dear one, it is my wealth. I am myself its creator (saṃsraṣṭṛ) and I am (its) worshipper. This, O goddess, mistress of Kula, is the ultimate Paścima Śrīkrama. Hard to acquire, it is worshipped with this along with the associated sequences (of mantras). It should be worshipped, O fair one, by Siddhas with unlimited energy”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Sraṣṭṛ (स्रष्टृ) refers to the “creator”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 2.22cd-28ab]—“[...] That is supreme strength, that is supreme amṛt. The highest of splendors is highest light of light. The divine Lord is the supreme cause of all the world. The creator (sraṣṭṛsraṣṭā), supporter, and destroyer are not as strong as this. This receptacle of mantras is the word of all perfections and characteristics [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Srashtri in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sraṣṭṛ (स्रष्टृ) refers to the “creator of worlds”, and is used to describe Śiva assuming the form of Brahmā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.30 (“The Celebration of Pārvatī’s Return”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] In the meantime the lord of mountains returned from the Gaṅgā. He saw the mendicant in the human form in his court-yard. [...] Then the lord of mountains saw the four-faced deity, the creator of worlds (sraṣṭṛ), red in colour and reciting the Vedic hymns. Then the lord of mountains saw the form of the sun, the eye of the universe, much to his enthusiastic amazement. Then, O dear one, he saw him in the wonderful form of Śiva accompanied by Pārvatī. He was smiling and shining beautifully. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Sraṣṭṛ (स्रष्टृ) refers to the “Creator” (of people and medicines), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa posits that the collection or gathering of medicinal herbs must be done in a specified manner, accompanied by japa or prayer. If plucked without the relevant prayers or mantras, the medicines are liable to lose their potency which is paramount for effective treatment and complete remedy of any ailment. The Creator (sraṣṭṛ) created people and also the medicines to safeguard and protect humanity. He also created the moon to protect the medicinal potency of the flora.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sraṣṭṛ (स्रष्टृ).—m. [sṛj-tṛc]

1) A maker.

2) A creator, an epithet of Brahman; या सृष्टिः स्रष्टुराद्या (yā sṛṣṭiḥ sraṣṭurādyā) Ś.1.1; तत्स्रष्टुरेका- न्तरम् (tatsraṣṭurekā- ntaram) 7.27.

3) Name of Śiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sraṣṭṛ (स्रष्टृ).—m.

(-ṣṭā) 1. A creator, a maker. 2. Brahma. 3. Siva. E. sṛj to create, tṛc aff., form irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sraṣṭṛ (स्रष्टृ).—i. e. sṛj + tṛ, m. 1. A creator, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 33; Mahābhārata 7, 2864; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 159. 2. A maker, author, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 655. 3. Brahman. 4. Śiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sraṣṭṛ (स्रष्टृ).—[masculine] maker, creator.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sraṣṭṛ (स्रष्टृ):—[from sraj] m. one who emits or discharges (water etc.), [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] a maker, author, [Nirukta, by Yāska; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

3) [v.s. ...] a creator, the creator of the universe (applied to Brahmā, Śiva etc.), [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sraṣṭṛ (स्रष्टृ):—(ṣṭā) 4. m. Creator; Brahmā, Shiva.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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