Pancakritya, Pañcakṛtya, Panca-kritya, Pancan-kritya: 4 definitions

Introduction

Pancakritya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pañcakṛtya can be transliterated into English as Pancakrtya or Pancakritya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchakritya.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancakritya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pañcakṛtya (पञ्चकृत्य, “five-fold activities”).—According to Śivapurāna 1.10.1-5, “... O Brahmā and Viṣṇu, the permanent cycle of the five-fold duties (pañcakṛtya) consists of creation, maintenance, annihilation, concealment, and blessing.

  1. Sarga is the creation of the world;
  2. Sthiti is its maintenance;
  3. Saṃhāra is the annihilation;
  4. Tirobhāva is the removal and concealment;
  5. Liberation (from the cycle of birth and death) is blessing.

These five are my activities but are carried on by others silently as in the case of the statue at the Portal. The first four activities concern the evolution of the world and the fifth one is the cause of salvation. All these constitute my prerogatives.”

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancakritya in Shaktism glossary
Source: Hindupedia: Śrī Vidyā

Pañcakṛtya (पञ्चकृत्य, “five functions”).—The three functions of creation, sustenance and dissolution, are further expanded into five functions (pañcakṛtya). They are

  1. sṛṣṭi (creation),
  2. sthiti (sustenance),
  3. laya (dissolution),
  4. tirodana (veiling of individual consciousness through māya),
  5. anugraha (unveiling, making the individual realize the Truth beyond Māya).

The Mother presides over these five functions, and hence is called Pañca-kṛtya-pārāyana.

The representatives of these five functions are

  1. Brahmā (creation),
  2. Viṣṇu (sustenance),
  3. Rudra (dissolution),
  4. Īśvara (veiling),
  5. Sadāśiva (unveiling, absolute truth).

All these five derive their life force, the strength to act, from the Mother. These five deities are said to form her royal chair, with Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Rudra and Īśvara forming four legs and Sadāśiva forming the plank. Hence the Mother is called Pañca Brahmāsanāsīna. Pañca is five, āsana is seat, asīna is having sit on the seat. The five Brahmas are the five deities mentioned.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancakritya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcakṛtya (पञ्चकृत्य).—the five actions by which the Supreme Power manifests itself (sṛṣṭi, sthiti, saṃhāra, tirobhāva and anugraha- karaṇa).

Derivable forms: pañcakṛtyam (पञ्चकृत्यम्).

Pañcakṛtya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and kṛtya (कृत्य).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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