Srini, Sṛṇī, Shrini, Śṛṇi, Sṛṇi: 12 definitions


Srini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Sṛṇī and Śṛṇi and Sṛṇi can be transliterated into English as Srni or Srini or Shrini, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Śṛṇi (शृणि) refers to a “hook”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] May the goddess Vajreśvarī give me all objects of my desire. She is known to have her abode at the right corner [of the central triangle]. She is resplendent like a thunderbolt, beautiful like fresh coral, and has a bow, arrows, a snare, a hook (śṛṇi), a shield, and a mātuluṅga fruit attached to her six arms. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Sṛṇī (सृणी) is found certainly in one, and probably also in two other passages of the Rigveda. The sense appears to be ‘sickle’. In one other passage Sṛṇya is coupled with jetā: the sense is doubtful, Roth conjecturing cetā, and Oldenberg pointing out that chettā is also possible. Hopkins thinks that a ‘hook’ is here meant.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śrī-ni.—(IE 8-1), abbreviation of Śrīhasta-nirīkṣita, ‘examined by the king’. See ni and Śrī-hasta, etc. Note: śrī-ni is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śṛṇi (शृणि).—f. A hook for pricking an elephant, a goad; मदान्धकरिणां दर्पोपशान्त्यै शृणिः (madāndhakariṇāṃ darpopaśāntyai śṛṇiḥ) H.2.124.

Derivable forms: śṛṇiḥ (शृणिः).

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Sṛṇi (सृणि).—f.

1) A goad, a hook to drive an elephant; मदान्धकरिणां दर्पोपशान्त्यै सृणिः (madāndhakariṇāṃ darpopaśāntyai sṛṇiḥ) H.2.165; Śiśupālavadha 5.5; सृण्यग्र- सुन्दरोदग्रव्यायतश्मश्रुभीषणम् (sṛṇyagra- sundarodagravyāyataśmaśrubhīṣaṇam) Śiva B.21.23.

2) A sickle.

-ṇiḥ m.

1) An enemy.

2) The moon.

Derivable forms: sṛṇiḥ (सृणिः).

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Sṛṇī (सृणी).—A hook for driving an elephant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śṛṇi (शृणि).—f.

(-ṇiḥ) The hook for goading an elephant. E. śṛ to injure, ni aff., and the radical vowel made short; also sṛṇi .

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Sṛṇi (सृणि).—m.

(-ṇiḥ) 1. An enemy. 2. The moon. mf. (-ṇiḥ or -ṇiḥ-ṇī) A hook used to drive an elephant. E. sṛ to go, ni Unadi aff., and the vowel unchanged.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śṛṇi (शृणि).— (vb. śṛ10), f. The hook for goading an elephant, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 155.

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Sṛṇi (सृणि).—I. m. 1. An enemy. 2. The moon. Ii. m., f., and ṇī, f. A hook to drive an elephant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sṛṇi (सृणि).—[masculine] an elephant-driver’s hook; [feminine] sṛṇī or sṛṇī sickle, poss. sṛṇya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sṛṇi (सृणि):—mf. (said to be [from] √sṛ) an elephant-goad, [Harṣacarita; Śiśupāla-vadha]

2) m. the moon, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 104]

3) an enemy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Sṛṇī (सृणी):—[from sṛṇi] (sṛṇī and sṛṇī) f. a sickle, [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śṛṇi (शृणि):—(ṇiḥ) 2. f. The hook for guiding an elephant.

2) Sṛṇi (सृणि):—(ṇiḥ) 2. m. An enemy. f. (i-ī) Hook to drive an elephant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sṛṇi (सृणि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Siṇi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Srini in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śṛṇi (ಶೃಣಿ):—[noun] a sharp-pointed metal stick used in driving an elephant; an elephant-goad.

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Sṛṇi (ಸೃಣಿ):—[noun] a metal rod with a pointed end, for driving elephants; a goad.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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