Sphatika, aka: Sphaṭikā, Sphaṭika, Sphāṭīka; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sphatika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Sphaṭikā (स्फटिका):—Another name for Saurāṣṭrī (‘alum’), which is one of the eight uparasa group of minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Sphatika refers to “a quartz of a superior quality”. There are three varieties, viz, Surya-kanta (sun stone), Chandra-kanta (Moon stone), and the ordinary one. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Sphaṭika (स्फटिक) is a Sanskrit word referring to “quartz” (or crystal). When constructing the plinth of the stage (raṅgaśīrṣa), of a playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa), there should be jewels and precious stones be placed underneath by expert builders, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.72-74. Accordingly, quartz (sphaṭika) is to be put in the west (paścima).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Sphaṭika (स्फटिक) refers to “crystal” and represents a kind of precious stone (gem) used for the making of images (Hindu icons), as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The materials listed in the Āgamas for the making of images are wood, stone, precious gems, metals, terracotta, laterite, earth, and a combination of two or three or more of the materials specified above. The precious stones mentioned in the Āgamas for the purpose of making images are [for example] sphaṭika (crystal). Sphaṭika is of two kinds, the sūryakānta and the candrakānta.

Precious stones (eg., sphaṭika or ‘crystal’) are preferred materials for fashioning images.—The materials recommended in the śilpaśāstra for the fashioning of images are unburnt clay, burnt clay as in brick or terracotta, sudhā (a special kind of mortar/plaster), composite earth, wood, stone, metal, ivory, dhātu (mineral), pigment, and precious stones. Wood is considered superior to earth, stone as better than wood, metal better than stone, and precious stone (such as sphaṭika) is the most preferred of all.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Sphatika in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sphaṭika (स्फटिक, “crystal”) refers to a type of jewel (ratna), into which the universe was transformed by the Buddha’s miraculous power (ṛddhibala) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV). Accordingly, “The other jewels, [viz.,] crystal (sphoṭika), etc., all come from caves”.

Also, “These jewels (eg, sphaṭika) are of three types, Human jewels (manuṣya-ratna), Divine jewels (divya-ratna) and Bodhisattva jewels (bodhisattva-ratna). These various jewels remove the poverty (dāridrya) and the suffering (duḥkha) of beings”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Sphatika in Jainism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sphaṭika (स्फटिक) refers to a species of Anudiśa gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in the Digambara tradition where the Anudiśa heaven is one of the five heavens of the upper world (ūrdhvaloka).

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Sphaṭika (स्फटिक) refers to “quartz”, and is the name of a type of precious stone (gem or jewel) typically used in ancient India. Both the king (rājan) and the people used to keep previous stones as a part of their wealth and affluence. The king’s mansion was studded with precious stones of various kinds. The rich people possessed them in large quantity and used them in ornaments and for other purposes. The courtesans (gaṇiya) possessed costly jewels and their chambers were adorned with precious jewels. The palanquins of the kings, nobles and rich persons (śreṣṭhins) were inlaid with costly gems.

There were persons expert in the field of gem and jewels (eg., sphaṭika) called maṇikāras (jewellers). There is a reference of maṇikāra-śreṣṭhin in Rājagṛha who had abundant gems and jewels. Various ornaments of pearls and jewels are mentioned in the texts viz. Kaṇagāvali (necklace of gold and gems), rayaṇāvali (necklace of jewels), muttāvali (necklace of pearls), etc. The above description of the various agricultural, agro-based, mining or forestry occupations clearly depicts the high level of perfection achieved in the respective fields.

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Sphatika in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sphaṭika (स्फटिक).—m (S) Crystal.

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sphāṭika (स्फाटिक).—a S Relating to crystal. 2 also as s n Crystal.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sphaṭika (स्फटिक).—m Crystal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sphatika in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sphaṭika (स्फटिक).—1 A crystal, quartz; अपगतमले हि मनसि स्फटिकमणाविव रजनिकरगभस्तयः सुखं प्रविशन्त्युपदेशगुणाः (apagatamale hi manasi sphaṭikamaṇāviva rajanikaragabhastayaḥ sukhaṃ praviśantyupadeśaguṇāḥ) K.

-kā 1 Sulphate of alumina or alum.

2) Camphor.

Derivable forms: sphaṭikaḥ (स्फटिकः).

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Sphāṭika (स्फाटिक).—a. (- f.) Crystalline; उवाच हासकिरणैः कुर्वाणः स्फाटिकं जगत् (uvāca hāsakiraṇaiḥ kurvāṇaḥ sphāṭikaṃ jagat) Bm.1.1133; Rām.3.55.8.

-kam 1 A crystal.

2) A kind of sandal.

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Sphāṭīka (स्फाटीक).—Crystal.

Derivable forms: sphāṭīkam (स्फाटीकम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 39 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kshirasphatika
kṣīrasphaṭika (क्षीरस्फटिक).—m A milky crystal, opal.
Pitasphatika
Pītasphaṭika (पीतस्फटिक).—the topaz. Derivable forms: pītasphaṭikaḥ (पीतस्फटिकः).Pītasphaṭika i...
Akashasphatika
Ākāśasphaṭika (आकाशस्फटिक).—a kind of crystal supposed to be formed in the atmosphere (two kind...
Sphatikaskambha
Sphaṭikaskambha (स्फटिकस्कम्भ).—a crystal column.Derivable forms: sphaṭikaskambhaḥ (स्फटिकस्कम्...
Khasphatika
Khasphaṭika (खस्फटिक).—the sun or moon gem. Derivable forms: khasphaṭikam (खस्फटिकम्).Khasphaṭi...
Sphatikabhra
Sphaṭikābhra (स्फटिकाभ्र).—camphor. Derivable forms: sphaṭikābhraḥ (स्फटिकाभ्रः).Sphaṭikābhra i...
Pingasphatika
Piṅgasphaṭika (पिङ्गस्फटिक).—'yellow crystal', a kind of gem (gomeda).Derivable forms: piṅgasph...
Sphatikashman
Sphaṭikāśman (स्फटिकाश्मन्).—m., Sphaṭikāśman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sp...
Sphatikashila
Sphaṭikaśilā (स्फटिकशिला).—a crystal stone. Sphaṭikaśilā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of t...
Sphatikacala
Sphaṭikācala (स्फटिकाचल).—the mount Meru. Derivable forms: sphaṭikācalaḥ (स्फटिकाचलः).Sphaṭikāc...
Sphatikadri
Sphaṭikādri (स्फटिकाद्रि).—the mount Kailāsa. °भिद् (bhid) m. camphor. Derivable forms: sphaṭik...
Sphatikaprabha
Sphaṭikaprabha (स्फटिकप्रभ).—a. crystalline, transparent. Sphaṭikaprabha is a Sanskrit compound...
Sphatikakudya
Sphaṭikakuḍya (स्फटिककुड्य).—crystal wall. Derivable forms: sphaṭikakuḍyam (स्फटिककुड्यम्).Spha...
Sphatikamani
Sphaṭikamaṇi (स्फटिकमणि).—m., Sphaṭikamaṇi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sphaṭ...
Tailasphatika
Tailasphaṭika (तैलस्फटिक).—a kind of gem.Derivable forms: tailasphaṭikaḥ (तैलस्फटिकः).Tailaspha...

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