Sphurita: 16 definitions


Sphurita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sphurita (स्फुरित, “throbbing”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyelids (puṭa), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures of the eyelids (puṭa) are supposed to follow the corresponding movements of the eyeballs (tārā). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Sphurita (स्फुरित, “trembling”) refers to one of the fifteen aspects of gamaka (embellishments, ornamentation) that are used in Indian classical music (gāndharva), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.83-94. These gamakas refer to essential elements of the sthāyas (technical phrases) of rāgas (melodic modes).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Sphurita (स्फुरित, “throbbing”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyelids (puṭa);—Instructions: when the eyelids are throbbing. Uses: in jealousy (īrṣyā).

Source: archive.org: Shanmukha 07-3-1981

Sphurita (स्फुरित).—“(The sphurita-gamaka refers to) a janta-svara phrase wherein the lower note in between each janta-svara group is faintly heard. The second note of each pair is stressed.”

Source: archive.org: Northern Indian Music Volume I

Sphurita (स्फुरित).—The throb (sphurita), now called giṭkiri, refers to one of the gamakas (graces):—“The speed of sphurita is exactly one-third of a quaver (i.e. ⅙ of a mātrā)”. ( Saṅgītaratnākara 1.3.90) “When intervals throb upwards at the speed of a semi-quaver (aṇu-druta—i.e. ¼ of a mātrā), the wise call this sphurita”. (Saṅgītasamayasāra 1.49)

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sphurita (स्फुरित) refers to that which “pulses radiantly”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Even though he has attained the state of the Point (bindu) by the practice of continence (brahmacarya), he attains the imperishable nature, the Unmanifest that is consciousness (bodha). His Command is terrible (bhīmā). (It is the Vidyā) that begins with Bha and ends with Ca. That bliss is the Neuter; it is neither female nor is its form male. His body is the First Principle. The Command is Bhairavī. Everything is pervaded there. That pervades the universe. Divine, it pulses radiantly (sphurita) with an intense Command by virtue of the power of (his) fierce austerity.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Sphurita in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Sphurita (स्फुरित) refers to “sparkling (bubbles)”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then the portal to the sanctum sanctorum, a riot of colour and form:] She was being illuminated by the entrance, on which there were hanging cloths reddened by lamp-smoke, a row of bracelets made of peacock-throats festooned [over it], a garland of bells closely-set and pale with powdered flour-cakes, which supported two door-panels, [studded] with tin lion heads with thick, iron pins in their centers, barricaded with an ivory-rod bolt, carrying [what seemed to be] a necklace of sparkling bubbles (sphurita-budbuda) that were mirrors oozing yellow, blue and red [light]”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Sphurita (स्फुरित) refers to the “sudden appearance (of the true self)”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Homage be to you, homage be to you, homage be to you, homage, homage, With devotion I bow to you, Guru protector be pleased with me. By whose bright rays of light, the true self suddenly appears (sphurita-ātmatattva), With an abundance of jeweled radiance, defeating darkness, Rightly understanding with clear eyes, with intense playfulness, This adoration is offered to them, to the illuminating Guru”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sphurita (स्फुरित).—p. p.

1) Trembling, throbbing.

2) Shaken.

3) Glittering, shining.

4) Unsteady.

5) Swollen.

6) Manifested, displayed; तत उदयगिरोरिवैक एव स्फुरितगुणद्युति- सुन्दरः कलावान् (tata udayagirorivaika eva sphuritaguṇadyuti- sundaraḥ kalāvān) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 2.1.

-tam 1 A throb, palpitation, tremor; (baṭuḥ) पुनर्विवक्षुः स्फुरितोत्तराधरः (punarvivakṣuḥ sphuritottarādharaḥ) Kumārasambhava 5.83.

2) Agitation or emotion of the mind.

3) Flash, gleam; विद्यु- द्दामस्फुरितचकितैर्यत्र पौराङ्गनानाम् (vidyu- ddāmasphuritacakitairyatra paurāṅganānām) Meghadūta 27.

4) Sudden appearance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphurita (स्फुरित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Shaken, agitated. 2. Trembling, heaving, throbbing, palpitating. 3. Flashing. 4. Swelled, swollen. n.

(-taṃ) 1. Trembling or throbbing of the eye-lids. 2. A throb, tremor. 3. Emotion of the mind. E. sphur to move or swell, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphurita (स्फुरित).—[adjective] throbbing, trembling, palpitating, glittering, sparkling; risen, appeared; [neuter] = [preceding] [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sphurita (स्फुरित):—[from sphur] mfn. quivering, throbbing, trembling, palpitating, flashing etc., [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] struggling, [Vāsavadattā]

3) [v.s. ...] glittered, flashed (n. [impersonal or used impersonally] ‘it has been flashed by’), [Harivaṃśa; Kālidāsa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] broken forth, burst into view, suddenly arisen or appeared, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

5) [v.s. ...] plainly displayed or exhibited, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

6) [v.s. ...] swelled, swollen, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] n. a tremulous or convulsive motion, quiver, throb, twitch, tremor, convulsion, [Kālidāsa; Bhartṛhari]

8) [v.s. ...] agitation or emotion of mind, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

9) [v.s. ...] flash, gleam, glittering, radiance, sheen, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

10) [v.s. ...] sudden appearance, coming into being, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphurita (स्फुरित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Throbbing; shaken; swelled. n. Throbbing of the eyelids.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sphurita (स्फुरित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Phuria.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sphurita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sphurita (ಸ್ಫುರಿತ):—

1) [adjective] quivering; throbbing; trembling; palpitating.

2) [adjective] flashing.

3) [adjective] not stable; unstable; unsteady.

4) [adjective] swollen; bulged; distended.

5) [adjective] suddenly appeared.

6) [adjective] flashed in a person’s mind (as a thought, idea, etc.).

--- OR ---

Sphurita (ಸ್ಫುರಿತ):—

1) [noun] the act of trembling, quivering; a throbbing; palpitation.

2) [noun] the act or an instance of flashing.

3) [noun] the act of (a thought, idea) passing swiftly in a person’s mind; a flash.

4) [noun] a glittering; radiance; a flash; a gleam.

5) [noun] an outburst of an emotion or of an aggregate of emotions.

6) [noun] a kind of gait of a horse; a hopping and moving forward.

7) [noun] a kind of gamaka (vibrating the notes in a regulated manner) in which two notes are vibrated together.

8) [noun] (dance.) a shaking of the chin (as from fear or in wonder).

9) [noun] (dance.) a moving forward keeping the fore-part of the feet shaking and the side of the feet touching the ground.

10) [noun] (dance.) the throbbing of the eyelids.

11) [noun] (erot.) a type of kiss (in which the woman pushes her both the lips into the man’s mouth and vice versa.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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