Sphurita: 9 definitions



Sphurita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sphurita (स्फुरित, “throbbing”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyelids (puṭa), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures of the eyelids (puṭa) are supposed to follow the corresponding movements of the eyeballs (tārā). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Sphurita (स्फुरित, “trembling”) refers to one of the fifteen aspects of gamaka (embellishments, ornamentation) that are used in Indian classical music (gāndharva), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.83-94. These gamakas refer to essential elements of the sthāyas (technical phrases) of rāgas (melodic modes).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Sphurita (स्फुरित, “throbbing”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyelids (puṭa);—Instructions: when the eyelids are throbbing. Uses: in jealousy (īrṣyā).

Source: archive.org: Shanmukha 07-3-1981

Sphurita (स्फुरित).—“(The sphurita-gamaka refers to) a janta-svara phrase wherein the lower note in between each janta-svara group is faintly heard. The second note of each pair is stressed.”

Source: archive.org: Northern Indian Music Volume I

Sphurita (स्फुरित).—The throb (sphurita), now called giṭkiri, refers to one of the gamakas (graces):—“The speed of sphurita is exactly one-third of a quaver (i.e. ⅙ of a mātrā)”. ( Saṅgītaratnākara 1.3.90) “When intervals throb upwards at the speed of a semi-quaver (aṇu-druta—i.e. ¼ of a mātrā), the wise call this sphurita”. (Saṅgītasamayasāra 1.49)

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sphurita (स्फुरित).—p. p.

1) Trembling, throbbing.

2) Shaken.

3) Glittering, shining.

4) Unsteady.

5) Swollen.

6) Manifested, displayed; तत उदयगिरोरिवैक एव स्फुरितगुणद्युति- सुन्दरः कलावान् (tata udayagirorivaika eva sphuritaguṇadyuti- sundaraḥ kalāvān) Māl.2.1.

-tam 1 A throb, palpitation, tremor; (baṭuḥ) पुनर्विवक्षुः स्फुरितोत्तराधरः (punarvivakṣuḥ sphuritottarādharaḥ) Ku.5.83.

2) Agitation or emotion of the mind.

3) Flash, gleam; विद्यु- द्दामस्फुरितचकितैर्यत्र पौराङ्गनानाम् (vidyu- ddāmasphuritacakitairyatra paurāṅganānām) Me.27.

4) Sudden appearance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphurita (स्फुरित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Shaken, agitated. 2. Trembling, heaving, throbbing, palpitating. 3. Flashing. 4. Swelled, swollen. n.

(-taṃ) 1. Trembling or throbbing of the eye-lids. 2. A throb, tremor. 3. Emotion of the mind. E. sphur to move or swell, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphurita (स्फुरित).—[adjective] throbbing, trembling, palpitating, glittering, sparkling; risen, appeared; [neuter] = [preceding] [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sphurita (स्फुरित):—[from sphur] mfn. quivering, throbbing, trembling, palpitating, flashing etc., [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] struggling, [Vāsavadattā]

3) [v.s. ...] glittered, flashed (n. [impersonal or used impersonally] ‘it has been flashed by’), [Harivaṃśa; Kālidāsa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] broken forth, burst into view, suddenly arisen or appeared, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

5) [v.s. ...] plainly displayed or exhibited, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

6) [v.s. ...] swelled, swollen, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] n. a tremulous or convulsive motion, quiver, throb, twitch, tremor, convulsion, [Kālidāsa; Bhartṛhari]

8) [v.s. ...] agitation or emotion of mind, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

9) [v.s. ...] flash, gleam, glittering, radiance, sheen, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

10) [v.s. ...] sudden appearance, coming into being, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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