Sphara, Sphāra: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Sphara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Safar.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sphāra (स्फार) means “unfolding”, according to the Mahānayaprakāśa verse 2.1-35, while explaining the cycles of the goddesses of consciousness.—Accordingly, “The unfolding (sphāra) of the sphere of the (five) goddesses (devīcakra) takes place as the Pīṭhakrama in form of the sequence beginning with the (inner) sacrifice (yāga), the knowledge of which is explained by the teacher”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Sphāra (स्फार) refers to “thick (waves)” (of Amṛta), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 3.17-23, while describing a meditation on Amṛteśa in his form as Mṛtyujit]—“And so now, having constructed the amṛtāmudrā or the padmamudrā, [the Mantrin] should meditate on the Ātman. [...] One should think of him [dressed in] white clothes and ornaments, [draped in] a radiant garland of pearls, bulbs like moonlight, etc., his body is anointed with white sandalwood and dust-colored powdered camphor. In he middle of the somamaṇḍala, [he is] bathed in thick, abundant waves of Amṛta (sphāra-bahula-ūrmi-pāripluta) [that make the] moon quiver. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sphara (स्फर).—A shield.

Derivable forms: spharaḥ (स्फरः).

See also (synonyms): spharaka.

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Sphāra (स्फार).—a. [sphāy-rak Uṇādi-sūtra 2.13]

1) Large, great, increased, expanded; स्फारफुल्लत्फणापीठनिर्यत् (sphāraphullatphaṇāpīṭhaniryat) &c. Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.23; Mv.6.32.

2) Much, abundant; यद्वैकुण्ठवराहकण्ठकुहर- स्फारोच्चलद्भैरव (yadvaikuṇṭhavarāhakaṇṭhakuhara- sphāroccaladbhairava)...... Mv.5.2; Bhartṛhari 3.42.

3) Loud.

-raḥ 1 Swelling, increase, enlargement, growth.

2) A bubble (in gold).

3) A protuberance.

4) Throbbing, quivering, palpitation, vibration.

5) Twanging.

6) An ornament (of brass etc.) in the form of bubbles; L. D. B.

-ram Abundance, much, plenty. (sphārībhū

1) to swell out, expand, spread out, increase, multiply; susnigdhā vimukhībhavanti suhṛdaḥ sphārībhavantyāpadaḥ Mṛcchakaṭika 1.36; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 5.24.

2) to become manifest.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sphara (स्फर).—(?) , in Gaṇḍavyūha 294.1 (prose) seems to be error for [Page613-a+ 71] spharita, ppp. to spharati, suffused or pervaded: na sphara- (read spharita-)-pūrvān spharāmi; in series of parallel sentences such as nāvatīrṇapūrvān avatarāmi, na dṛṣṭa- pūrvān paśyāmi, etc., all with ppp. forms [compound] with pūrvān.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphāra (स्फार).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Large, great. 2. Loud. 3. Increased, expanded. m.

(-raḥ) 1. Throbbing, quivering. 2. A bubble or flaw in gold, &c. 3. Twanging as of a bow-string. 4. Swelling, increase. 5. A protuberance. n.

(-raṃ) Plenty, abundance. E. sphar to throb, aff. ghañ; or sphāy to swell, rak Unadi aff., and the radical final rejected.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphāra (स्फार).—i. e. sphāy + ra and sphar + a, I. adj. 1. Large, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 81, 14; great, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 7, 19; [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 22; spreading, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 85 (cf. sphārī-bhū). 2. Loud. Ii. m. 1. Quivering, throbbing. 2. Twanging, as of a bowstring. 3. A bubble or flaw in gold.

— Cf. (i. e. ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphāra (स्फार).—[adjective] extensive, wide, big, large, violent, abundant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sphara (स्फर):—[from sphar] m. a shield, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([according to] to some [from] Persian سِپَرْ).

2) Sphāra (स्फार):—[from sphar] a mf(ā)n. ([according to] to [Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 13], [from] √sphāy below) extensive, wide, large, great, abundant, violent, strong, dense (as mist), loud (as a shout), [Kāvya literature; Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan; Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a shock, slap, bang, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] = sphoraṇa, [Vopadeva]

5) [v.s. ...] m. or n. a bubble or flaw (in gold etc.)

6) [v.s. ...] m. n. much, abundance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] cf. [Greek] σφαῖρα.

7) b raṇa See above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphāra (स्फार):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] Large, loud. m. Throbbing, quivering; flaw in gold.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sphāra (स्फार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Phāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sphara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sphāra (स्फार) [Also spelled safar]:—[[~rita]] (a) expanded, opened wide; widely diffused.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sphāra (ಸ್ಫಾರ):—

1) [adjective] extending over a large area; wide; broad.

2) [adjective] abundant; plentiful.

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Sphāra (ಸ್ಫಾರ):—

1) [noun] an abnormally swollen part of the body; a swelling.

2) [noun] a shivering, trembling.

3) [noun] a kind of ornament.

4) [noun] abundance; plentifulness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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