Sphita, Sphīta: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Sphita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Safit.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Sphīta (स्फीत) refers to “prosperity”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the solar or lunar disc should be just dimmed by darkness all round which disappears immediately, the eclipse is technically known as Leha (licking): all creatures will be happy and the earth will be flooded with water. If a third, or a fourth, or one half of the disc should be eclipsed, it is technically known as Grasana (seizing with the mouth) grasa—partial eclipse: the wealth of prosperous princes [i.e., sphīta-nṛpa] will suffer diminution and prosperous countries will be afflicted with calamities”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Sphīta (स्फीत) refers to “prosperous”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as the Lord said to the Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī: “[...] That Kāyabandhana universe was, son of good family, thriving, prosperous (sphīta), safe, well-provided, filled with a great multitude of men, adorned with seven precious jewels, peaceful and delightful, pleasant to touch like a soft cloth, displayed by the lotus of gold from the Jāmbū river, decorated with all kinds of luminous jewels, patterned like a chess-board, and even like the palm of the hand. Just like the enjoyment and entertainment of the Paranirmitavaśavartin gods, all the people in that universe, staying in celestial palace and pavilions, enjoyed food and drink as they wished”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sphīta (स्फीत).—p. p. [sphāy-kta sphībhāvaḥ]

1) Swollen, increased; अनुजनिधनस्फीताच्छोकादतिप्रणयाच्च तत् (anujanidhanasphītācchokādatipraṇayācca tat) Ve.5.4.

2) Fat, thick, big, large, bulky.

3) Many, numerous, much, copious, plentiful, abundant.

4) Delighted, joyful.

5) Pure; मृद्वीका रसिता सिता समशिता स्फीतं निपीतं पयः (mṛdvīkā rasitā sitā samaśitā sphītaṃ nipītaṃ payaḥ) Bv.4.13.

6) Successful, prosperous, thriving.

7) Affected by hereditary disease.

8) Dilated; कौतूहलात् स्फीततरैश्च नेत्रैः (kautūhalāt sphītataraiśca netraiḥ) Bu. Ch.3.1. (sphītīkṛ means 'to augment or enlarge'.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphīta (स्फीत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Much, many. 2. Swollen, enlarged. 3. Successful, prosperous, risen in rank or fortune. 4. Affected by hereditary disease. E. sphāyī to swell, aff. kta; also sphāta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sphīta (स्फीत).—[adjective] fat, swollen, large, thick; thriving, prosperous; numerous, abundant; richly endowed with, full of ([instrumental] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sphīta (स्फीत):—[from sphāy] a mfn. swollen, enlarged, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] thriving, flourishing, successful, prosperous, rich, well off, abounding in, full of ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] heavy (with rain, as a cloud), [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

4) [v.s. ...] dense (as smoke), [Mālatīmādhava]

5) [v.s. ...] much, abundant, many, numerous, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] cold, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] affected by hereditary disease, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) b sphīti See [column]1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sphiṭa (स्फिट):—(ka) spheṭayati 10. a. To hurt or kill; to cover.

2) Sphīta (स्फीत):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Idem;] swollen; prosperous.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sphīta (स्फीत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Phāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sphita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sphīta (स्फीत) [Also spelled safit]:—(a) inflated; swollen.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sphīta (ಸ್ಫೀತ):—

1) [adjective] wide; broad.

2) [adjective] large; huge.

3) [adjective] excessive; abundant.

4) [adjective] satisfied; glad.

5) [adjective] pure; clean; cleansed.

6) [adjective] successful; succeeded; prospered well.

7) [adjective] suffering from a disease inherited.

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Sphīta (ಸ್ಫೀತ):—[noun] the quality of being large, huge; largeness; hugeness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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