Snana, aka: Snāna; 7 Definition(s)


Snana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Snāna (स्नान).—Bathing. The Purāṇas have ordered six kinds of bathing. They are Nitya snāna (daily bath), Naimittika snāna (incidental bath), Kāmya snāna (Desirable), Kriyā snāna (ceremonial), Kriyāṅga snāna (bathing only the limbs used for rites) and Malakarṣaṇa snāna (Bathing to drag out excrements). (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 155).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Snāna (स्नान).—Bath for purity; worship of the earth as a preliminary; tarpaṇam after the bath; rules for rituals after.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa ch. 102 (whole).
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

Snāna (स्नान) refers to “bath”, representing one of the sixteen Ṣoḍaśopacāra, which are preliminary rites (upacāra) of a pūjā (deity worship).—Of the various types of pūjās, the one with sixteen (ṣoḍaśa) items or offerings (upacāra) is very common. This type of ritual consists of preliminary acts including rites for the purification of the devotee and the implements used in the pūjā, removal of obstacles and declaration (saṃkalpa) to perform the worship.

Bath (snāna) includes:

  1. payaḥ-snāna (bath with milk)
  2. dadhi-snāna (bath with curd)
  3. ghṛta-snāna (bath with ghee)
  4. madhu-snāna (bath with honey)
  5. sarkara-snāna (bath with sugar)
  6. gandodaka-snāna (bath of water with sandalwood paste)
Source: Google Books: Ganapati: Song of the Self
context information

Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

snāna (स्नान).—n (S) Bathing or ablution. Pr. snāna karūna puṇya ghaḍē tara pāṇyānta bēḍūka thōḍē. 2 Ceremonial purification of the body whether through ablution with water, or through smearing ashes, cowdung, perfumed powder &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

snāna (स्नान).—n Bathing or ablution. snānapāna n Ablution and drinking.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Snāna (स्नान).—[snā-bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Bathing, washing, ablution, immersion in water; ततः प्रविशति स्नानोत्तीर्णः काश्यपः (tataḥ praviśati snānottīrṇaḥ kāśyapaḥ) Ś.4; न स्नानं न विलेपनं न कुसुमं नालंकृता मूर्धजाः (na snānaṃ na vilepanaṃ na kusumaṃ nālaṃkṛtā mūrdhajāḥ) (vibhūṣayanti puruṣaṃ) Bh. 2.19.

2) Purification by bathing, any religious or ceremonial ablution.

3) The ceremony of bathing or anointing an idol.

4) Anything used in ablution. तोयक्रीडानिरतयुवतिस्नानतिक्तैर्मरुद्भिः (toyakrīḍāniratayuvatisnānatiktairmarudbhiḥ) Me.35.

5) Cleansing, washing off.

Derivable forms: snānam (स्नानम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 70 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mantrasnāna (मन्त्रस्नान) refers to a mantra to be uttered by Brahmins while performing ablutio...
Snānavidhi (स्नानविधि).—m. (-dhiḥ) The rules of ablution.
Payaḥsnāna (पयःस्नान) refers to a “ceremonial bath with milk” representing one of the five type...
Dadhisnāna (दधिस्नान) refers to a “ceremonial bath with yoghurt” representing one of the five t...
Ghṛtasnāna (घृतस्नान) refers to a “ceremonial bath with yoghurt” representing one of the five t...
Madhusnāna (मधुस्नान) refers to a “ceremonial bath with yoghurt” representing one of the five t...
Bhasmasnāna (भस्मस्नान).—purification by ashes.Derivable forms: bhasmasnānam (भस्मस्नानम्).Bhas...
Kākasnāna (काकस्नान).—Bathing like a crow. Derivable forms: kākasnānam (काकस्नानम्).Kākasnāna i...
maṅgalasnāna (मंगलस्नान).—n Ablution in oil and after- wards in water.
Abhyaṅgasnāna (अभ्यङ्गस्नान) refers to an “oil bath” and represents one of the sixteen upacāra,...
Snāna-yātrā.—(IA 9), festival of bathing the image of Kṛṣṇa on Jyaiṣṭha su-di 15. Note: snāna-y...
Gandhodakasnāna (गन्धोदकस्नान) refers to a “ceremonial bath with yoghurt” representing one of t...
Sarkarasnāna (सर्करस्नान) refers to a “ceremonial bath with yoghurt” representing one of the fi...
Puṣyasnāna (पुष्यस्नान).—a ceremony of coronating a king &c., when the moon stands in the aster...
Avabhṛthasnāna (अवभृथस्नान).—ablution after a sacrificial ceremony; Bhāg.Derivable forms: avabh...

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