Snana, Snāna: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Snana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Snāna (स्नान) refers to “bath”, to be performed after cleaning of the teeth (dantadhāvana), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] bath (snāna) shall be taken at a convenient time in rivers or in the house itself. No man shall take bath against the conventions of locality or the convenience of the season. [...]”.

Bath (snāna) shall be taken after due consideration of the place and season duly. He shall face either the north or the east when taking bath. He shall never take bath (snāna) wearing another man’s clothes. He shall take bath in pure clothes and shall think on his favourite deities. If he wears during the night another man’s clothes, the same are not impure, hence there is no harm in taking bath with those clothes on but after taking bath they must be washed and returned. After bath (snāna) he shall perform water libation propitiating gods, sages and the manes. Thereafter washed and dried clothes shall be worn and Ācamana performed again.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Snāna (स्नान).—Bathing. The Purāṇas have ordered six kinds of bathing. They are Nitya snāna (daily bath), Naimittika snāna (incidental bath), Kāmya snāna (Desirable), Kriyā snāna (ceremonial), Kriyāṅga snāna (bathing only the limbs used for rites) and Malakarṣaṇa snāna (Bathing to drag out excrements). (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 155).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Snāna (स्नान).—Bath for purity; worship of the earth as a preliminary; tarpaṇam after the bath; rules for rituals after.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa ch. 102 (whole).
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

Source: Google Books: Ganapati: Song of the Self

Snāna (स्नान) refers to “bath”, representing one of the sixteen Ṣoḍaśopacāra, which are preliminary rites (upacāra) of a pūjā (deity worship).—Of the various types of pūjās, the one with sixteen (ṣoḍaśa) items or offerings (upacāra) is very common. This type of ritual consists of preliminary acts including rites for the purification of the devotee and the implements used in the pūjā, removal of obstacles and declaration (saṃkalpa) to perform the worship.

Bath (snāna) includes:

  1. payaḥ-snāna (bath with milk)
  2. dadhi-snāna (bath with curd)
  3. ghṛta-snāna (bath with ghee)
  4. madhu-snāna (bath with honey)
  5. sarkara-snāna (bath with sugar)
  6. gandodaka-snāna (bath of water with sandalwood paste)
context information

Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Snāna (स्नान) refers to a “bath” and represents one of the various articles offered during worship, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship), while explaining procedures performed in the morning.—According to time and place, sixteen [viz., snāna], twelve, ten or five articles can be employed in the worship of Śrī Bhagavān.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Snāna (स्नान) refers to “baths”, as mentioned in verse 4.29-31 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] If (a patient) has been debilitated by medicine, strengthening (him) gradually by food such as rice, sixty-day-old rice, wheat, mung-beans, meat, and ghee—(which), in combination with cardiac and stomachic remedies, (is) promotive of appetite and digestion—as well as by inunctions, massages, baths [viz., abhyaṅga-udvartana-snāna], and purgative and lubricant enemas (is) wholesome. Thus he recovers comfort, intensity of all the fires, faultlessness of intellect, colour, and senses, potency, (and) longness of life”.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Snāna (स्नान):—Taking bath, is a auspicious , enhances virility, longevity, strength, compactness & immune system(oja), at the same time cures tiredness, sweat and impurities of the body.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Snāna (स्नान) refers to “bathes” (i.e., taking spiritual baths), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(The true teacher is dedicated to) truthfulness, ritual purity and cleanliness, compassion, and forbearance; he unites with his wife when it is her season, not out of passion, but for a son for the benefit of (his) clan and lineage. He practices the six magical rites, bathes [i.e., snāna] (regularly) and worships at the three times of day. He avoids the Śūdra and the low caste as well as (accepting food from others), whether cooked or raw. One who is endowed with such qualities is a Brahmin (vipra), not by caste or by virtue of (his) sacred thread (and the like). These are the qualities of a (true) Brahmin. He who possesses them is a (true) teacher. Moreover, he removes error, and he reveals the meaning of the Kula scripture. Previously consecrated, (such a one) should always be made (one’s) teacher”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Snāna (स्नान) refers to “ablutions”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must be of cleanly habits, able, noble-minded, eloquent and of originality and imagination; must possess a knowledge of place and time; be meek and without nervousness, must be difficult of conquest by his fellow students; must be able and devoid of vices; must be learned in matters of expiatory ceremonies, of Hygiene, of Occult Magic and of ablutions [i.e., snāna]; must be a worshipper of the Devas and an observer of fast and penance; must be of remarkable genius and capable of solving any difficulties save in matters of direct divine interference; and finally, he must be learned in astronomy, natural astrology (Saṃhitā) and horoscopy”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Snāna (स्नान) refers to “bathing (at a sacred site)”, according to Kṣemarāja’s commentary on the Svacchandatantra verse 4.85.—Accordingly, “The mundane path is the observance according to śruti and smṛti. The sacred rites [consist of] such actions as bathing at a sacred site (tīrtha-snāna) and giving away food. The meritorious acts are [the donations and setting up of] such things as wells, tanks and monasteries for ascetics”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Snāna (स्नान) refers to “bathing” (the body), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “And one washes a lump of earth with water again and again, even a hundred times, then the water obtains dirt [and] it may share dirtiness with the body [com.—Purification of the body (śarīraśuddhiḥ) is not through bathing (snānena)]. If, by chance, this body is cleaned by the waters of the ocean then, being cleaned, in an instant it contaminates even those [waters] also”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

snāna (स्नान).—n (S) Bathing or ablution. Pr. snāna karūna puṇya ghaḍē tara pāṇyānta bēḍūka thōḍē. 2 Ceremonial purification of the body whether through ablution with water, or through smearing ashes, cowdung, perfumed powder &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

snāna (स्नान).—n Bathing or ablution. snānapāna n Ablution and drinking.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Snāna (स्नान).—[snā-bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Bathing, washing, ablution, immersion in water; ततः प्रविशति स्नानोत्तीर्णः काश्यपः (tataḥ praviśati snānottīrṇaḥ kāśyapaḥ) Ś.4; न स्नानं न विलेपनं न कुसुमं नालंकृता मूर्धजाः (na snānaṃ na vilepanaṃ na kusumaṃ nālaṃkṛtā mūrdhajāḥ) (vibhūṣayanti puruṣaṃ) Bh. 2.19.

2) Purification by bathing, any religious or ceremonial ablution.

3) The ceremony of bathing or anointing an idol.

4) Anything used in ablution. तोयक्रीडानिरतयुवतिस्नानतिक्तैर्मरुद्भिः (toyakrīḍāniratayuvatisnānatiktairmarudbhiḥ) Meghadūta 35.

5) Cleansing, washing off.

Derivable forms: snānam (स्नानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāna (स्नान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Bathing, ablution. 2. Purification by bathing, religious or ceremonial ablution. 3. Anything proper for ablution, viz.:— water, perfumed powder for the body, &c. E. ṣṇā to bathe, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāna (स्नान).—i. e. snā + ana, n. 1. Bathing, [Pañcatantra] 100, 8. 2. Purification by bathing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 111; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 120. 3. Anything used in it, as water, perfumed powder, etc., [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 4; [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 34, Sch.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāna (स्नान).—[neuter] bathing, ablution (cf. [preceding]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Snāna (स्नान):—[from snā] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) bathing, washing, ablution, religious or ceremonial lustration (as of an idol etc.), bathing in sacred waters (considered as one of the six daily duties cf. ṣaṭ-karman or as an essential part of some ceremonial, [especially] the ablutions performed by a Brahma-cārin on becoming a householder cf. snātaka), [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 242; Religious Thought and Life in India 394 n. 1 etc.])

2) [v.s. ...] washing off, removal by washing, cleansing, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] anything used in ablution (e.g. water, perfumed powder etc.), [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāna (स्नान):—(naṃ) 1. n. Bathing, ablution; any thing used in it, as perfumed powder, &c.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Snāna (स्नान) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇhāṇa, Saṇāṇa, Siṇāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Snana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Snāna (स्नान) [Also spelled snan]:—(nm) bath, ablution; ~[gṛha] a bath, bathroom; -[dhyāna] bathing and meditating, the routine morning chores.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Snāna (ಸ್ನಾನ):—

1) [noun] the act of washing the body; a bathing.

2) [noun] a bathing for cleansing oneself from religious defilement.

3) [noun] the act of sprinkling water for purposes of cleaning religiously.

4) [noun] a bathing of an idol with water, milk, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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