Snana, Snāna: 12 definitions

Introduction

Snana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Snāna (स्नान) refers to “bath”, to be performed after cleaning of the teeth (dantadhāvana), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13, while explaining the mode of worshipping Śiva:—“[...] bath (snāna) shall be taken at a convenient time in rivers or in the house itself. No man shall take bath against the conventions of locality or the convenience of the season. [...]”.

Bath (snāna) shall be taken after due consideration of the place and season duly. He shall face either the north or the east when taking bath. He shall never take bath (snāna) wearing another man’s clothes. He shall take bath in pure clothes and shall think on his favourite deities. If he wears during the night another man’s clothes, the same are not impure, hence there is no harm in taking bath with those clothes on but after taking bath they must be washed and returned. After bath (snāna) he shall perform water libation propitiating gods, sages and the manes. Thereafter washed and dried clothes shall be worn and Ācamana performed again.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Snāna (स्नान).—Bathing. The Purāṇas have ordered six kinds of bathing. They are Nitya snāna (daily bath), Naimittika snāna (incidental bath), Kāmya snāna (Desirable), Kriyā snāna (ceremonial), Kriyāṅga snāna (bathing only the limbs used for rites) and Malakarṣaṇa snāna (Bathing to drag out excrements). (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 155).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Snāna (स्नान).—Bath for purity; worship of the earth as a preliminary; tarpaṇam after the bath; rules for rituals after.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa ch. 102 (whole).
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

Source: Google Books: Ganapati: Song of the Self

Snāna (स्नान) refers to “bath”, representing one of the sixteen Ṣoḍaśopacāra, which are preliminary rites (upacāra) of a pūjā (deity worship).—Of the various types of pūjās, the one with sixteen (ṣoḍaśa) items or offerings (upacāra) is very common. This type of ritual consists of preliminary acts including rites for the purification of the devotee and the implements used in the pūjā, removal of obstacles and declaration (saṃkalpa) to perform the worship.

Bath (snāna) includes:

  1. payaḥ-snāna (bath with milk)
  2. dadhi-snāna (bath with curd)
  3. ghṛta-snāna (bath with ghee)
  4. madhu-snāna (bath with honey)
  5. sarkara-snāna (bath with sugar)
  6. gandodaka-snāna (bath of water with sandalwood paste)
context information

Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Snāna (स्नान) refers to a “bath” and represents one of the various articles offered during worship, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship), while explaining procedures performed in the morning.—According to time and place, sixteen [viz., snāna], twelve, ten or five articles can be employed in the worship of Śrī Bhagavān.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

snāna (स्नान).—n (S) Bathing or ablution. Pr. snāna karūna puṇya ghaḍē tara pāṇyānta bēḍūka thōḍē. 2 Ceremonial purification of the body whether through ablution with water, or through smearing ashes, cowdung, perfumed powder &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

snāna (स्नान).—n Bathing or ablution. snānapāna n Ablution and drinking.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Snāna (स्नान).—[snā-bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Bathing, washing, ablution, immersion in water; ततः प्रविशति स्नानोत्तीर्णः काश्यपः (tataḥ praviśati snānottīrṇaḥ kāśyapaḥ) Ś.4; न स्नानं न विलेपनं न कुसुमं नालंकृता मूर्धजाः (na snānaṃ na vilepanaṃ na kusumaṃ nālaṃkṛtā mūrdhajāḥ) (vibhūṣayanti puruṣaṃ) Bh. 2.19.

2) Purification by bathing, any religious or ceremonial ablution.

3) The ceremony of bathing or anointing an idol.

4) Anything used in ablution. तोयक्रीडानिरतयुवतिस्नानतिक्तैर्मरुद्भिः (toyakrīḍāniratayuvatisnānatiktairmarudbhiḥ) Me.35.

5) Cleansing, washing off.

Derivable forms: snānam (स्नानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāna (स्नान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Bathing, ablution. 2. Purification by bathing, religious or ceremonial ablution. 3. Anything proper for ablution, viz.:— water, perfumed powder for the body, &c. E. ṣṇā to bathe, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Snāna (स्नान).—i. e. snā + ana, n. 1. Bathing, [Pañcatantra] 100, 8. 2. Purification by bathing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 111; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 120. 3. Anything used in it, as water, perfumed powder, etc., [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 4; [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 34, Sch.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Snāna (स्नान):—[from snā] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) bathing, washing, ablution, religious or ceremonial lustration (as of an idol etc.), bathing in sacred waters (considered as one of the six daily duties cf. ṣaṭ-karman or as an essential part of some ceremonial, [especially] the ablutions performed by a Brahma-cārin on becoming a householder cf. snātaka), [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 242; Religious Thought and Life in India 394 n. 1 etc.])

2) [v.s. ...] washing off, removal by washing, cleansing, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] anything used in ablution (e.g. water, perfumed powder etc.), [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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