Shrivatsa, aka: Śrīvatsa, Śrīvatsā, Shri-vatsa; 21 Definition(s)
Shrivatsa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śrīvatsa and Śrīvatsā can be transliterated into English as Srivatsa or Shrivatsa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Śrīvatsa (श्रीवत्स) refers to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The śrīvatsa-maṇḍapa is to be built with 48 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE.
Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (eg., śrīvatsa) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”Source: Wisdom Library: Purāṇas
Śrīvatsa (श्रीवत्स)—One of the Heavenly ornaments according to the Vāyu Purāṇa. Śrīvatsa is called the lakṣaṇa (distinguishing ornament?) of Viṣṇu.Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
Śrīvatsa (श्रीवत्स).—A mole on Mahāviṣṇu’s chest. (For more details see under Bhṛgu).Source: archive.org: Puranic EncyclopaediaSource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Śrīvatsa (श्रीवत्स):—One of the nine symbols representing the cosmic principles of the universe, according to the Pāñcarātra literature. These nine weapons and ornaments symbolize the principles which they represent as the presiding deity. The Śrīvatsa symbol represent Prakṛti (‘material world’).Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Śrīvatsa (श्रीवत्स) or Śrīvatsamudrā is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 24.23-24.—Accordingly, “Śrīvatsamudrā is only padmamudrā”. Mūdra (eg., Śrīvats-amudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Śrīvatsa (श्रीवत्स):—On Vishnu’s chest there is a small spiral mark (sometimes a small triangle) called Śrīvatsa which means beloved-of-Fortune (Laksmi). This represents Primordial Nature (prakrti)—the First Principle of Manifestation or the material energy which is the source of the natural world. This is the symbol of all that is enjoyed; the multifold beings and forms of the manifested world. The three leaves represent the three gunas or qualiti es of matter—active (rajas), passive (tamas) or balanced (sattva)Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Śrīvatsa (श्रीवत्स) is a mark, a sort of mole, which is conceived to adorn the chest of Viṣṇu in association with the kaustubhamaṇi which is a jewel. In sculpture this mole is represented by a flower of four petals arranged in the form of a rhombus, or by a simple equilateral triangle, and is invariably placed on the right side of the chest.
The Śrīvatsa is peculiar to Viṣṇu. On the chest of Buddha there is the mark known as śrīvatsa; it is perhaps introduced here in the belief that Buddha is an incarnation of Viṣṇu.Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography
Śrīvatsa (endless knot) - symbolises the way things are = endless and complex — without beginning and end.Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction
Śrīvatsa (mole on the chest of Viṣṇu) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The other miscellaneous articles found as attributes in the hands of the deities are, for example, Śrīvatsa.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Śrīvatsa (श्रीवत्स) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Lalita, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Lalita group contains twenty-five out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.
Śrīvatsa is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Vairāja, featuring square-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Śrīvatsa (श्रीवत्स) refers to one of the “eight lords of divisions” (vigraheśvara) associated with the so-called eight divisions (vigraha) according to the Mataṅgapārameśvara (1.8.83–5). These “eight lords of divisions” are also mentioned in a copper-plate inscription found in Malhar, Chhattisgarh, written around 650 CE. The eight divisions (vigraha) represent the uppermost part of the Lākulas’ impure universe.
All these manifestations of Śiva (eg., Śrīvatsa) appear at the borders of various divisions of the universe according to the Lākula system.Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Śrīvatsa (श्रीवत्स) refers to one of the eight aṣṭamaṅgala and represents a type of “temple implement (instrument)” as described in the Karaṇalakṣaṇavidhi-paṭala section of the Uttara-Kāmikāgama.—The instruments should be according to the particular śāstra followed at the temple. Some of the instruments mentioned are Śaiva aṣṭamaṅgala including [viz., śrīvatsa].Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)
The Shrivatsa is an ancient symbol, considered auspicious in India. Srivatsa means "beloved of Sri", the goddess Lakshmi. It is a mark on the chest of Vishnu where his consort Sri Lakshmi resides. It is said that the tenth avatar of Vishnu, Kalki, will bear the Shrivatsa mark on his chest.
In Buddhism, the Srivatsa is said to be a feature of the tutelary deity (Tibetan: yidam) Manjusri the Youth (Skt: Manjusrikumarabhuta).
Tibetan Buddhists depict the shrivatsa as a triangular swirl or an endless knot.
In Jainism, it often marks the chest of the Tirthankara image. It is one of the ashtamangala (auspicious symbol). It can look somewhat like a fleur-de-lis, an endless knot, a flower or diamond-shaped symbol.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
General definition (in Buddhism)
One of the Eight Auspicious Symbols
The endless knot (Sanskrit: Shrivatsa); Tibetan: Dpal beu), representing the inter twining of wisdom and compassion; represents the mutual dependence of religious doctrine and secular affairs; represents the union of wisdom and method; the inseparability of emptinesss (Sanskrit: Sunyata) and Dependent Co arrising (Sanskrit: Pratitya samutpada at the time of the path); at the time of enlightenment the union of wisdom (Sanskrit: Prajna) and great compassion (Sanskrit: Karuna); also symbolic of knot symbolism in linking ancestors and omnipresence and the magical ritual and meta process of binding (refer etymology of Tantra, Yoga and religion) (see Namkha), the knot, net and the web metaphor also conveys the Buddhist teaching of the Doctrine of Interpenetration;Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism
General definition (in Jainism)
Śrīvatsā (श्रीवत्सा) (or Mānavī, Gaurī) is the name of the Yakṣiṇī accompanying Śreyāṃśanātha: the eleventh of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The Jaina texts concur in giving Śreyāṃśanātha the symbol of a rhinoceros. The Yakṣa and the Yakṣiṇī to serve him as guards of honour, have been named as Yakṣeta and Mānavī (Digambara: Īśvara and Gaurī) respectively. The tree special to him was Tumbara or Tindaka according to some authorities. Rājā Tripiṣṭa Vāsudeva was to act as a Chowri-bearer.
This eleventh Yakṣiṇī belongs to the eleventh Tīrthaṃkara Śreyāṃśanātha. The Digambara representation of the Yakṣiṇī known therein as Gaurī rides, according to their accounts, anantelope and bears a club, lotus, urn and Varada in her hands. The Śvetāmbara variant of the same Yakṣi in the name of Mānavī or Śrīvatsā Devī has been described as riding a lion and holding a Varada club, urn and goad. The name Gaurī originates evidently from the Brahmanic Gaurī, the wife of Śiva. Here, in this instance, the Yakṣa, of whom Gaurī is the consort is called Īśvara. Her other aspect is represented by a Vidyādevī, known by the same name. Now, the Śvetāmbaras give her the name of Śrīvatsā or Mānavī. This name, however, presents an anomaly due to the identity of Mānavī with the Digambara Yakṣiṇī, of Śītalanātha bearing the same name. Thus, it is possible to explain the name Śrīvatsā as originating from the Śrīvatsā figure, the canonical symbol of Śītalanātha. As regards the attributes, which adorn the hands of the Devī some of them are war-like, as worthy of a Yakṣiṇī, and others are benign, as symbolic of a goddess of learning.Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Śrivatsa (श्रिवत्स, “jewel”).—One of the eight providential symbols, or, aṣṭamaṅgala.—Śrivatsa represents the enlightened knowledge that resides in Jineśvara’s heart.Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Śrīvatsa.—(SII 2), mole on Viṣṇu's chest; sometimes represented in the shape of a crown as found in the Hathingumpha inscription of Khāravela. Note: śrīvatsa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
śrīvatsa (श्रीवत्स).—m S A name of viṣṇu. 2 m n also śrīvatsa- lāñcchana n S śrīvatsāṅka m S The mark (a cross-form curl of hair) on the breast of viṣṇu (made by the foot of a Brahman). See ex. under bhramarapaḍaḷī.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) an epithet of Viṣṇu.
2) a mark or curl of hair on the breast of Viṣṇu; प्रभानुलिप्त- श्रीवत्सं लक्ष्मीविभ्रमदर्पणम् (prabhānulipta- śrīvatsaṃ lakṣmīvibhramadarpaṇam) R.1.1.
3) a hole in a wall made by a house-breaker. °अङ्कः, °धारिन्, °मृत्, °लक्ष्मन्, °लाञ्छन (aṅkaḥ, °dhārin, °mṛt, °lakṣman, °lāñchana) m. epithets of Viṣṇu; तमभ्यगच्छत् प्रथमो विधाता श्रीवत्सलक्ष्मा पुरुषश्च साक्षात् (tamabhyagacchat prathamo vidhātā śrīvatsalakṣmā puruṣaśca sākṣāt) Ku.7.43.
Derivable forms: śrīvatsaḥ (श्रीवत्सः).
Śrīvatsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śrī and vatsa (वत्स).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-tsaḥ) 1. Vishnu. 2. A particular mark, usually said to be a curl of hair, on the breast of Vishnu or Krishna. 3. A hole in a wall made for felonious purposes. 4. The emblem of the tenth Jina, or the mark above ascribed to Vishnu or Krishna. E. śrī Lakshmi, and vatsa dear to.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Starts with: Shrivatsabhrit, Shrivatsakin, Shrivatsalanchana, Shrivatsalanchhana, Shrivatsamudra, Shrivatsamuktikanandyavartalakshitapanipadatala, Shrivatsamuktikanandyavartalakshitapanipadatalata, Shrivatsanka, Shrivatsasvastikanandyavartalalitapanipada, Shrivatsavihara.
Ends with: Hridayashrivatsa.
Full-text (+24): Shrivatsabhrit, Shrivatsanka, Shrivatsalanchana, Shitalanatha, Bhramarapadala, Shrivatsakin, Gauri, Hridayashrivatsa, Manavi, Mandapa, Ashtamangala, Shrivatsamudra, Vasudeva, Shrivatsavihara, Shrivatsamuktikanandyavartalakshitapanipadatalata, Shrivatsamuktikanandyavartalakshitapanipadatala, Puranapurusha, Lalita, Shashvata, Shrivatsasvastikanandyavartalalitapanipada.
Search found 32 books and stories containing Shrivatsa, Śrī-vatsa, Śrīvatsa, Sri-vatsa, Śrīvatsā, Shri-vatsa, Srivatsa, Śrī-vatsā; (plurals include: Shrivatsas, vatsas, Śrīvatsas, Śrīvatsās, Srivatsas, vatsās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.7.24 < [Chapter 7 - Jagad-ānanda: The Bliss of the Worlds]
Verse 2.4.61 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha: The Spiritual Kingdom]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 51 - The Deliverance of Mucukunda < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 19 - The Killing of the Demon Hiranyaksa < [Canto III - The Status Quo]
Chapter 4 - Gajendra Returns to the Spiritual World < [Canto VIII - Withdrawal of the Cosmic Creations]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 6: Personal description of Ṛṣabha < [Chapter II]
Part 4: Śītala’s birth < [Chapter VIII - Śītalanāthacaritra]
Part 3: Pārśva’s parents (king Aśvasena and queen Vāmā) < [Chapter III - Birth, youth, initiation, and omniscience of Śrī Pārśva]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XLIV - Contemplation of embodied and disembodied God < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter XXVIII - The mode of worshipping the Gopala Manifestation of Vishnu < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter XII - Description of the order to be observed in the course of worship < [Agastya Samhita]