Ashtamangala, Astamangala, Aṣṭamaṅgala, Aṣṭamaṅgalā, Ashtan-mangala, Aṣṭamāṅgala: 12 definitions

Introduction

Ashtamangala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aṣṭamaṅgala and Aṣṭamaṅgalā and Aṣṭamāṅgala can be transliterated into English as Astamangala or Ashtamangala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashtamangala in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Aṣṭamaṅgalā (अष्टमङ्गला).—Name of a commentary on the Kātantra Vyākaraṇa by Rāmakiśoracakravartin.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

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Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Aṣṭamāṅgala (अष्टमाङ्गल).—Brahmins, bow, Fire, gold, ghee, Sun, water and King.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

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Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Aṣṭamaṅgala (अष्टमङ्गल) refers to a set of eight “temple implements” as described in the Karaṇalakṣaṇavidhi-paṭala section of the Uttara-Kāmikāgama.—The instruments should be according to the particular śāstra followed at the temple. Some of the instruments mentioned are Śaiva aṣṭamaṅgalam including darpaṇa, pūrṇakumbha, vṛṣabha, yugmacāmara, śrīvatsa, svastika, śaṅkha and dīpa.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashtamangala in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Sanskrit term for the "Eight Auspicious Symbols".

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

Ashtamangala are a sacred suite of Eight Auspicious Signs endemic to a number of Dharmic Traditions such as Sanatana Dharma, Jaina Dharma, Buddhadharma, and Sikha Dharma, for example.

The symbols or symbolic attributes (Tibetan: phyag mtshan) are yidam and teaching tools. Not only do these attributes, these energetic signatures, point to qualities of enlightened mindstream, but they are the investiture that ornaments these enlightened qualities (Tibetan: yon tan; Sanskrit: guna). Many cultural enumerations and variations of the Ashtamangala are extant.

Tibetan Buddhists make use of a particular set of eight auspicious symbols, ashtamangala, in household and public art. Some common interpretations are given along with each symbol although different teachers may give different interpretations:

  • Conch
  • Endless Knot
  • Pair of Goldfish
  • Lotus
  • Parasol
  • Treasure Vase
  • Wheel of Law
  • Victory Banner

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashtamangala in Jainism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts

Aṣṭamaṅgala (अष्टमङ्गल).—The second folios in kalpasūtra manuscript woulds have the pictorial respresentation of aṣṭamaṅgala, the eight providential symbols. The belief in these symbols began in ancient times and is carved in stone slabs in first century Jaina monuments in Mathura. The Jaina families offer carved or engraved panels of the aśtamaṅgala symbols as part of regular worship and rituals.

  1. darpaṇa (mirror), 
  2. bhadrāsana (throne),
  3. saṃpuṭaka (heap of jewels),
  4. kalaśa (vessel),
  5. śrivatsa (jewel),
  6. mīnayugala (fish couple),
  7. svastika,
  8. nandyāvarta.
Source: CrossAsia-eJournals: The Āyāgapaṭas of Mathura

Aṣṭamaṅgala (अष्टमङ्गल) or eight auspicious objects were elements of Jain worship. The aṣṭamaṅgalas included:—

  1. nandyāvarta (a three-pronged symbol),
  2. vardhamānaka (powder-flask),
  3. kalaśa (full vase),
  4. darpaṇa (mirror),
  5. matsya (or matsyaugma, a pair of fish),
  6. ratna-pātra (pot of jewels),
  7. triratna (a three-pronged symbol),
  8. svastika (four-armed symbol),
  9. śrīvatsa (perhaps, a symbol of Śrī),
  10. lotus garlands (puṣpadāma),
  11. the full vase (pūrṇakumbha).

See Agrawala (1965: 179–80) and Shah (1955: 109).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashtamangala in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṣṭamaṅgala (अष्टमंगल).—a S pop. aṣṭamaṅgaḷa a That has a white face, tail, mane, breast, and hoofs; or, according to others, that is white in his legs, tail, breast, and vṛṣaṇa, and is navāṅkita (marked with a hairy curl of the figure of 7) on each flank, and has a lotus-form curl on his forehead--a horse. 2 Understood by some to signify Good in the eight important particulars--a horse.

--- OR ---

aṣṭamaṅgala (अष्टमंगल).—n (S) A collection of eight auspicious things. These are variously specified.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashtamangala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṣṭamaṅgala (अष्टमङ्गल).—a horse with a white face, tail, mane, breast and hoofs.

-lam [अष्ट- गुणितं मङ्गलं शा (aṣṭa- guṇitaṃ maṅgalaṃ śā). क (ka). त (ta).] a collection of eight lucky things; according to some they are:-मृगराजो वृषो नागः कलशो व्यञ्जनं तथा । वैजयन्ती तथा भेरी दीप इत्यष्टमङ्गलम् (mṛgarājo vṛṣo nāgaḥ kalaśo vyañjanaṃ tathā | vaijayantī tathā bherī dīpa ityaṣṭamaṅgalam) || according to others लोकेऽस्मिन्मङ्गलान्यष्टौ ब्राह्मणो गौर्हुताशनः । हिरण्यं सर्पि- रादित्य आपो राजा तथाष्टमः (loke'sminmaṅgalānyaṣṭau brāhmaṇo gaurhutāśanaḥ | hiraṇyaṃ sarpi- rāditya āpo rājā tathāṣṭamaḥ) ||

Derivable forms: aṣṭamaṅgalaḥ (अष्टमङ्गलः).

Aṣṭamaṅgala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aṣṭan and maṅgala (मङ्गल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭamaṅgala (अष्टमङ्गल).—m.

(-laḥ) A horse with a white face, tail, mane, breast, and hoofs. n.

(-laṃ) A Collection of eight lucky things to be assembled on certain occasions, as at a coronation, &c. as a lion, a bull, an elephant, a water-jar, a fan, a flag, a trumpet, and a lamp; or a Brahman, a cow, fire, gold, ghee, the sun, water, and a king. E. aṣṭa eight, and maṅgala auspicious.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Aṣṭamaṅgalā (अष्टमङ्गला) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—aṣṭamaṅgalā, a C. on Durgasiṃha’s Kātantravṛtti, by Rāmakiśora.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṣṭamaṅgala (अष्टमङ्गल):—[=aṣṭa-maṅgala] [from aṣṭa > aṣṭan] n. a collection of eight lucky things (for certain great occasions, such as a coronation etc.) e.g. a lion, a bull, an elephant, a water-jar, a fan, a flag, a trumpet, and a lamp

2) [v.s. ...] (or, according to others, a Brāhman, a cow, fire, gold, ghee, the sun, water, and a king)

3) [v.s. ...] m. a horse with a white face, tail, mane, breast, and hoofs, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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