Shriya, Śriyā, Śriya: 8 definitions


Shriya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śriyā and Śriya can be transliterated into English as Sriya or Shriya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Śriya (श्रिय) refers to a classification of pūjā (ritualistic worship) according to the Kāraṇāgama.—The Āgamas have several different classifications of nityapūjā (daily worship), based on the number of offerings, frequency, time duration and so on. The nomenclature also varies between Āgamas. The essence however is similar. Śriya is mentioned in the Kāraṇāgama (30.405) as “the pūjā that ends with culukodaka”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śriya (श्रिय) refers to “wealth”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] If there were no Jyotiṣakas, the muhūrtas, the tithis, the nakṣatras, the ṛtus and the āyanas would go wrong. It therefore behoves a prince who loves success, fame, wealth [i.e., śriya], happiness and renown, to secure the services of a learned Jyotiṣaka”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Śriyā (श्रिया) refers to the “sovereign glory”, according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—ŚRĪṂ is the seed of the goddess Īśā who is also called Maṅgalā and is identified with the energy of Rudra (rudraśakti) to whom this seed-syllable corresponds. It is said to be brilliant like a million moons. According to the Śrīmatottara this is the seed-syllable of sovereign glory (śriyā-bīja). It gives royal power (śrī), satisfaction (puṣṭi), beauty, good fortune (saubhāgya) and pleases kings. It gives all people pleasure (āhlāda) and bestows every accomplishment. Without it, one cannot acquire wealth (dhanasiddhi).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Śriyā (श्रिया) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Śriyā).

2) Śriyā (श्रिया) also refers to one of the female Śrāvakas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śriyā (श्रिया).—= śrī; may be Sanskritization of MIndic siriyā (AMg., at least as n. pr. (proper name)), which may actually represent *śrīkā; compare striyā = strī, and § 10.6: mahatīye śriyāye, with great magnificence, Mahāvastu iii.36.14; tejasā śriyāye jvala- mānaṃ iii.379.9 (both prose; no v.l.); tejena lakṣmyā (most mss. °mī, may be kept) śriyayā (most mss., Nobel śriyā, unmetrical(ly)) jvalantam Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 149.2 (verse); (yā śrī Vaiśra- vaṇe…) yā cāsurendra-śriyā (n. sg.)…yā ca graheṣu (so most mss.; Lefm. kṛṣṇe ca yā ca) śriyā Lalitavistara 130.19, 20. Cf. stem Mañjuśriya, § 10.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śriyā (श्रिया).—[feminine] welfare, bliss.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śriyā (श्रिया):—[from śrī] f. (collateral form of 3. śrī) prosperity, happiness (personified as the wife of Śrī-dhara id est. Viṣṇu), [Kāvya literature; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) Śrīya (श्रीय):—[from śrī] mfn. = śriyai hitaḥ, [Patañjali]

[Sanskrit to German]

Shriya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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