Marudeva, Marudevā: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Marudeva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Marudeva in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Marudeva (मरुदेव):—Son of Supratīka (son of Pratīkāśva). He will be born in the future and become a king. He will have a son called Sunakṣatra. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.12)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Marudeva (मरुदेव).—A son of Supratīka (Supratīpa-m.p.) and father of Sunakṣatra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 12: Matsya-purāṇa 271. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 22. 4.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

1) Marudeva (मरुदेव) refers to a class of kimpuruṣa deities according to Digambara, while the Śvetāmbara tradition does not recognize this class. The kimpuruṣas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The kimpuruṣas are are golden in appearance according to Digambara, but white in complexion with very bright faces according to Śvetāmbara.

The deities such as the Marudevas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

2) Marudeva (मरुदेव) is the name of a kulakara (law-giver) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. His wife is named Śrīkāntā according to Śvetāmbara, but Satyā according to Digambara. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.

These law-givers (e.g., Marudeva) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Marudeva (मरुदेव) is the son of Prasenajit and Cakṣuḥkāntā, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] then toward the end of the time (i.e. her life) Cakṣuḥkāntā [by Prasenajit] bore twins, a boy and girl, whose lives were somewhat shorter. They were five hundred and fifty bows tall, and together increased in size like a tree and its shadow. The son became known among the people by the name Marudeva and the daughter by the name Śrīkāntā. Marudeva, gold-color, with his wife, who was the color of the priyaṅgu, had the beautiful appearance of Mt. Kanaka (Meru) with a row of trees in Nandana.

Then Marudeva directed all the twins by the same series of laws, as the king of the gods directs the gods. Finally, twins were born from Śrīkāntā [by Marudeva], boy and girl, named Nābhi and Marudevī. [...] After death Marudeva attained the status of a Dvīpakumāra and Śrīkāntā that of a Nāgakumāra. After that Nābhi became the seventh patriarch of the twins, and ruled them properly by these three laws”.

2) Marudevā (मरुदेवा) is another name for Marudevī: the daughter of Marudeva and Śrīkāntā, according to the same chapter.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Marudeva (मरुदेव).—name of a cakravartin: Mahāvastu i.154.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Marudeva (मरुदेव):—[=marud-eva] [from marud > marut] m. Name of a king, [Purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] of the father of the Arhat Ṛṣabha, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

3) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [ib.] ([varia lectio] mār)

4) [v.s. ...] f(ā). ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) or f(ī). ([Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]) Name of the mother of Marudeva, grandmother of the Arhat Ṛṣ°.

5) Mārudeva (मारुदेव):—Name of a mountain, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya] ([varia lectio] for marud-eva q.v.)

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Marudeva (मरुदेव):—(wohl marut + 2. eva)

1) m. a) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten [Viṣṇupurāṇa 463.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 12, 11.] Vater des Arhant Ṛṣabha [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 3, 7.] — b) Nomen proprium eines Berges [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 1, 353] (māru v. l); vgl. śṛṅge śrīmarudevāyāḥ [?500. 8, 699 (S. 23 bei WEBER).] —

2) f. ā Nomen proprium der Gemahlin Marudeva's und Mutter Ṛṣabha’s [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 39.] devī [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 3, 7. 8.] meru heisst [Viṣṇupurāṇa 163] die Mutter eines Ṛṣabha. Vgl. u. 1,b.

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Mārudeva (मारुदेव):—s. u. marudeva 1,b.

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Marudeva (मरुदेव):—

2) [Hemacandra] [Yogaśāstra 1, 11.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Marudeva (मरुदेव):—Nomen proprium —

1) m. — a) eines Fürsten. — b) des Vaters des Arhant Ṛṣabha. — c) eines Berges. v.l. māru. —

2) f. ā und ī der Mutter von

1) b).

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Mārudeva (मारुदेव):—m. Nomen proprium eines Berges. v.l. maru.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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