Pratibandha, Prati-bandha: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pratibandha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Pratibandha (पादबन्ध) refers to a variety of adhiṣṭhāna, which is a pedestal or base of a structure, and a very important component in the art of construction (śilpa). Pratibandha is mentioned in the Kāśyapaśilpa as having a further 10 sub-varieties. It is also mentioned in the Pādmasaṃhita.

The following are the 10 sub-varieties of pratibandha according to the Kāśyapaśilpa:

  1. pratimukha,
  2. śrībandha,
  3. mañcabandha,
  4. abjabandha,
  5. śrīkānta,
  6. karīrabandha,
  7. kalaśabandha,
  8. śrīkara,
  9. śrīsaundarya,
  10. skandakānta.
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध).—A type of adhiṣṭhāna (‘pedestal’);—Mayamata (verse 14.36) and Kāśyapaśilpa (verses 6.30-32) mention pratibandha-adhiṣṭhāna. Mayamata states “when the prativājana takes four parts and prati takes three parts then the base is called pratibandha, all the other members being same as in the kapotabandha-adhiṣṭhāna. That means to say the prati moulding which used to be the thinnest moulding in all the plinths becomes prominent and thick in this plinth. Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 6.26) states that pratibandha should possess vṛttakumuda.

However, Īśānaśivagurudeva Paddati gives a different picture of the nature of pratibandha-adhiṣṭhāna. According to this, “the upper part of the prati should be broad (pratimukha). On this, makara, mṛga, vyāla and gaja should be carved”. No mention of kapota is seen in Īśānaśivagurudeva for the pratibandha-adhiṣṭhāna .

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध) refers to “n. of a type of base § 3.15.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibandha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratibandha (प्रतिबंध).—m (S) pop. pratibandī f An obstacle, obstruction, impediment. 2 The state of being stopped, hindered, detained, confined &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pratibandha (प्रतिबंध).—m pratibandī f An obstacle, impedi- ment. The state of being stopped, hindered.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibandha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध).—

1) Binding or tying to.

2) Obstruction, impediment, obstacle; स तपःप्रतिबन्धमन्युना (sa tapaḥpratibandhamanyunā) R.8.8; Mv. 5.4; सिद्धीनामसाधनमनवतारणमप्रवेशनं वा प्रतिबन्धः (siddhīnāmasādhanamanavatāraṇamapraveśanaṃ vā pratibandhaḥ), also प्रतिबन्धः प्रयोगो (pratibandhaḥ prayogo) ...... कोशक्षयः (kośakṣayaḥ) Kau. A.2.7.26.

3) Opposition, resistance.

4) Investment, blockade, siege.

5) Connection.

6) Cessation.

7) Disappointment.

8) (Inphil.) Invariable and inseparable connection.

Derivable forms: pratibandhaḥ (प्रतिबन्धः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध).—m.

(-ndhaḥ) 1. Obstacle, impediment. 2. Disappointment. 3. Resistance, opposition. 4. Blockade, siege. 5. Inseparable connection. E. prati against, bandha a binding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध).—[prati-bandh + a], m. 1. Obstacle, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 10, [distich] 9; [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 23, 13. 2. Blocking up, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 5512. 3. Connection.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध).—[masculine] binding to, connection, conjunction; obstruction, hindrance, resistance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध):—[=prati-bandha] [from prati-bandh] m. connection, uninterruptedness, [Kapila; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

2) [v.s. ...] a prop, support, [Kādambarī]

3) [v.s. ...] investment, siege, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] obstacle, hindrance, impediment, [Kālidāsa; Śaṃkarācārya]

5) [v.s. ...] opposition, resistance, [Śakuntalā] (ena, by all kinds of res°, [Nalopākhyāna])

6) [v.s. ...] a logical impediment, obstructive argument, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

7) [v.s. ...] stoppage, suspension, cessation, [Pāṇini 3-3, 51] (cf. varṣapr), [; vii, 1, 45]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध):—[prati-bandha] (ndhaḥ) 1. m. Obstacle, disappointment; connection.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध):—(wie eben) m.

1) Verbindung, Verknüpfung [Kapila 1, 101.] abhijanapratibandha = vaṃśa [Kāśikīvṛtti zu K. 4, 1, 163.] ati ununterbrochene Verbindung, Ununterbrochenheit: prahita [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 58.] —

2) Umschliessung, Belagerung: na nāma pratibandhena na cāvaskandakarmaṇā . śakya eṣa giristāta devairapyabhimarditum .. [Harivaṃśa 5512.] —

3) Hemmung, Einstellung; Hinderniss, Widerstand [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 27.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1498.] [Halāyudha 4, 84.] [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 151.] varṣa so v. a. Dürre [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 51.] pittvaṃ ṅitkāryapratibandhārtham [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 1, 45.] tapaḥpratibandhamanyunā [Raghuvaṃśa 8, 79.] devatva Hinderniss zum Gottsein [] zu [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad] [S. 88. 129.] mukta von allen Hemmnissen befreit [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 13, 2.] vṛtti = apratibandha [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 3, 38.] a adj. [Scholiast] zu [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 63.] sa adj. (kārya) [Mālavikāgnimitra 10, 10.] sthira hartnäckigen Widerstand leistend [Śākuntala 23, 13.] na cāsya pratibandhena deyo gnirapi auch soll man ihm kein Feuer geben, indem man ihm jegliche Hindernisse in den Weg legt, [Nalopākhyāna 23, 3.]

--- OR ---

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध):—

3) ein logisches Hinderniss, Beseitigungsgrund ( = bādha) [SARVADARŚANAS. 117, 17.]

--- OR ---

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध):—

3) Gegens. abhivyakti [] zu [BĀDAR. 1, 3, 30 (S. 300, 7. 9).]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध):—m.

1) Verbindung , Verknüpfung.

2) Umschliessung , Belagerung.

3) Hemmung , Unterbleibung.

4) Hemmniss , Hinderniss , Widerstand. Instr. so v.a mit Anwendung von allerlei Hindernissen.

5) ein logisches Hinderniss , Beseitigungsgrund.

6) Stütze [Kād. (1872) 2,61,5.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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