Pratibandha, Prati-bandha, Pratibamdha: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pratibandha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Pratibandha (पादबन्ध) refers to a variety of adhiṣṭhāna, which is a pedestal or base of a structure, and a very important component in the art of construction (śilpa). Pratibandha is mentioned in the Kāśyapaśilpa as having a further 10 sub-varieties. It is also mentioned in the Pādmasaṃhita.

The following are the 10 sub-varieties of pratibandha according to the Kāśyapaśilpa:

  1. pratimukha,
  2. śrībandha,
  3. mañcabandha,
  4. abjabandha,
  5. śrīkānta,
  6. karīrabandha,
  7. kalaśabandha,
  8. śrīkara,
  9. śrīsaundarya,
  10. skandakānta.
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध).—A type of adhiṣṭhāna (‘pedestal’);—Mayamata (verse 14.36) and Kāśyapaśilpa (verses 6.30-32) mention pratibandha-adhiṣṭhāna. Mayamata states “when the prativājana takes four parts and prati takes three parts then the base is called pratibandha, all the other members being same as in the kapotabandha-adhiṣṭhāna. That means to say the prati moulding which used to be the thinnest moulding in all the plinths becomes prominent and thick in this plinth. Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 6.26) states that pratibandha should possess vṛttakumuda.

However, Īśānaśivagurudeva Paddati gives a different picture of the nature of pratibandha-adhiṣṭhāna. According to this, “the upper part of the prati should be broad (pratimukha). On this, makara, mṛga, vyāla and gaja should be carved”. No mention of kapota is seen in Īśānaśivagurudeva for the pratibandha-adhiṣṭhāna .

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध) refers to “n. of a type of base § 3.15.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Pratibandha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध) or Pratibandhaka refers to a “blockade” (in a hole of a bowl).—(Cf. Astronomical instruments in Bhāskarācārya’s Siddhāntaśiromaṇi).—According to Munīśvara (1603 A.D.) in his Marīci commentary on Bhāskara II: “The bowl should be so made that it has a large hole (pṛthu-chidra = mahārandhra) at the bottom. Through this statement it is indicated that the hole should be made in such a manner that, when the bowl is placed on the water of the basin and when water enters [the bowl], the hole is not blocked [i.e., pratibandhaka] by any dirt that may be in the water of the basin. Because of the possibiliy of a small hole [i.e., tat-pratibandha-sambhava] getting blocked by dirt an the like, assuming here a coalescene of the vowel a (akāra-praśleṣa) [by reading apṛthu] is not proper”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibandha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratibandha (प्रतिबंध).—m (S) pop. pratibandī f An obstacle, obstruction, impediment. 2 The state of being stopped, hindered, detained, confined &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pratibandha (प्रतिबंध).—m pratibandī f An obstacle, impedi- ment. The state of being stopped, hindered.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibandha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध).—

1) Binding or tying to.

2) Obstruction, impediment, obstacle; स तपःप्रतिबन्धमन्युना (sa tapaḥpratibandhamanyunā) R.8.8; Mv. 5.4; सिद्धीनामसाधनमनवतारणमप्रवेशनं वा प्रतिबन्धः (siddhīnāmasādhanamanavatāraṇamapraveśanaṃ vā pratibandhaḥ), also प्रतिबन्धः प्रयोगो (pratibandhaḥ prayogo) ...... कोशक्षयः (kośakṣayaḥ) Kau. A.2.7.26.

3) Opposition, resistance.

4) Investment, blockade, siege.

5) Connection.

6) Cessation.

7) Disappointment.

8) (Inphil.) Invariable and inseparable connection.

Derivable forms: pratibandhaḥ (प्रतिबन्धः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध).—m.

(-ndhaḥ) 1. Obstacle, impediment. 2. Disappointment. 3. Resistance, opposition. 4. Blockade, siege. 5. Inseparable connection. E. prati against, bandha a binding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध).—[prati-bandh + a], m. 1. Obstacle, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 10, [distich] 9; [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 23, 13. 2. Blocking up, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 5512. 3. Connection.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध).—[masculine] binding to, connection, conjunction; obstruction, hindrance, resistance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध):—[=prati-bandha] [from prati-bandh] m. connection, uninterruptedness, [Kapila; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

2) [v.s. ...] a prop, support, [Kādambarī]

3) [v.s. ...] investment, siege, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] obstacle, hindrance, impediment, [Kālidāsa; Śaṃkarācārya]

5) [v.s. ...] opposition, resistance, [Śakuntalā] (ena, by all kinds of res°, [Nalopākhyāna])

6) [v.s. ...] a logical impediment, obstructive argument, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

7) [v.s. ...] stoppage, suspension, cessation, [Pāṇini 3-3, 51] (cf. varṣapr), [; vii, 1, 45]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध):—[prati-bandha] (ndhaḥ) 1. m. Obstacle, disappointment; connection.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paḍibaṃdha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratibandha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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