Shasana, aka: Sasana, Sāsana, Śāsana, Śasana, Sashana; 12 Definition(s)
Shasana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śāsana and Śasana can be transliterated into English as Sasana or Shasana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Śāsana (शासन).—One of the eleven Rudras.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 153. 19.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Śasana (शसन) refers to a “slaughter house”, according to the Ṛgveda 10.89.14, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Meat eating in India is as old as Ṛgvedic period. [...] The description of slaughter house (śasana) can also be seen in Ṛgveda. The flesh of horses, rams, barren cows, sheep and buffaloes was cooked.Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms
N (Teaching, discourse, message). Buddhas teaching.
Generally, the term designates everthing that is related to Buddhas teaching, its propagation, its study and its putting into practice. We also say buddha sasana.
sasana also designates the period during which Buddhas teaching is made known to beings and practised.Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
(lit. 'message'): the Dispensation of the Buddha, the Buddhist religion; teaching, doctrine.
Navanga-Buddha (or satthu)-sāsana, the nine-fold Dispensation of the Buddha (or the Master) consists of
- suttas (sutta),
- mixed prose (geyya),
- exegesis (veyyākarana),
- verses (gāthā),
- solemn utterances (udāna),
- sayings of the Blessed One (itivuttaka),
- birth stories (jātaka),
- extraordinary things (abbhutadhamma), and
- analysis (vedalla).
This classification is often found in the suttas (e.g. M.22).
According to the commentaries, also the Vinaya and the Abhidhamma Pitaka are comprised in that nine-fold division (see Atthasālini Tr., I, 33).
It is a classification according to literary styles, and not according to given texts or books.Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
India history and geogprahy
Śāsana.—(EI 19; IA 20), order, a royal edict; any royal record (cf. vijaya-śāsana). (IE 8-4; EI 13, 23; CII 3; BL), a charter; land or village granted by a charter; rent-free land or village; some- times suffixed to the names of localities which were once rent- free holdings. See also tāmra-śāsana, a technical term for a deed of conveyance on copper-plates. (EI 9, 10), a doctrine; religion or religious faith. Note: śāsana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
sāsana : (nt.) teaching; order; message; doctrine; a letter.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Sāsana, (nt.) (cp. Vedic śāsana) order, message, teaching J. I, 60, 328; II, 21; Pv IV. 354 (Buddhānaṃ); KhA 11 sq.; the doctrine of the Buddha Vin. I, 12; D. I, 110; II, 206; A. I, 294; Dh. 381; Sn. 482 etc.; J. I, 116. sāsanaṃ āroceti to give a message (dūtassa to the messenger) Vin. III, 76.
—antaradhāna the disappearance or decline of the teaching of the Buddha. Said of the doctrine of Kassapa Bhagavā SnA 156 (cp. sāsane parihāyamāne SnA 223), and with ref. to the Pāli Tipiṭaka VbhA. 432 sq. , where 3 periods of the development of the Buddhist doctrine are discussed, viz. sāsana-ṭhita-kāla, °osakkana-kāla, °antaradhāna.—kara complying with one’s order and teaching M. I, 129;—kāraka the same Sn. 445;—kārin the same A. II, 26; susāsanaṃ dussānaṃ J. I, 239 (English transl. : “true and false doctrine, ” “good and bad news”).—hara (+°jotaka) taking up (& explaining) an order SnA 164. (Page 707)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
śāsana (शासन).—n (S) Punishing, chastising, correcting. 2 Governing, ruling, directing. 3 Ordering or commanding: also an order or a command; an edict, enactment, decree. 4 A grant (of land or of privileges); a charter, a royal deed.
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sasāṇā (ससाणा).—m (śyēna S) A falcon, Falco calidus.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
śāsana (शासन).—n Punishing. Governing. Order- ing. A charter.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Wounding, killing.
2) Immolation (of an animal at sacrifice).
Derivable forms: śasanam (शसनम्).
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1) Teaching, instructing; इति मे न तु बोधाय कल्पते शासनं वचः (iti me na tu bodhāya kalpate śāsanaṃ vacaḥ) Bhāg.1.8.5.
2) Punishing, chastising.
1) Instruction, teaching, discipline.
2) Rule, sway, government; अनन्यशासनामुर्वीम् (ananyaśāsanāmurvīm) R.1.3; so अप्रतिशासन (apratiśāsana).
3) An order, a command, direction; तरुभिरपि देवस्य शासनं प्रमाणीकृतम् (tarubhirapi devasya śāsanaṃ pramāṇīkṛtam) Ś.6; R.3.69;14.83. 18.28.
4) An edict, enactment, a decree.
5) A precept, rule.
6) A royal grant (of land &c.), charter; अहं त्वां शासनशतेन योजयिष्यमि (ahaṃ tvāṃ śāsanaśatena yojayiṣyami) Pt.1; Y.2.24.295.
7) A deed, writing, written agreement शासनप्रधाना हि राजानः स्युः (śāsanapradhānā hi rājānaḥ syuḥ) Kau. A.2.9.
8) Control of passions.
9) A written book of authority.
1) A (religious) doctrine.
11) A message. (At the end of comp. śāsana often means 'punisher, destroyer, killer'; as in smaraśāsanaḥ, pāka- śāsanaḥ).
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Derivable forms: sasanam (ससनम्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-naṃ) Immolation, offering an animal in sacrifice. E. śas to hurt, aff. lyuṭ; also śamana .
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(-naṃ) 1. An order, an edict, a command. 2. A royal grant of land or of privileges, a charter, &c. usually inscribed on stone or copper. 3. A writing, a deed, a written contract or agreement. 4. A Shastra or scripture. 5. Devotion, or devotional tranquillity, the government of the passions. 6. Governing, ruling, government. E. śās to order, to direct, aff. lyuṭ .
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(-naṃ) Immolation, offering a living victim. E. sam to sleep, &c., aff. lyuṭ; also śasana .
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(-ṇā) A mother.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Starts with (+1): Sasanahara, Shasana-adhikarika, Shasana-adhikarin, Shasana-ardhika, Shasana-baddha, Shasana-bhandarin, Shasana-maryada, Shasana-pata, Shasana-sancarin, Shasana-sundari, Shasanada, Shasanadevata, Shasanadevi, Shasanadhara, Shasanadrushaka, Shasanaharin, Shasanalanghana, Shasanaparanmukha, Shasanapatra, Shasanashastra.
Ends with (+60): Abhaya-shasana, Adhomukhavrikshasana, Akashasana, Amaraughashasana, Ananyashasana, Ankushasana, Anusasana, Apratishasana, Arshasana, Asasana, Baddhahastashirshasana, Baddhakonashirshasana, Bhashanushasana, Bhimashasana, Brahmashasana, Chandonushasana, Chhandonushasana, Darshananushasana, Dharmashasana, Dharmavijaya-shasana.
Full-text (+183): Shasha, Shabdashasana, Samanyashasana, Raktashasana, Sasanahara, Rajashasana, Kutashasana, Navanga Buddha, Shudrashasana, Navanga, Brahmashasana, Buddha Sasana, Ninefold Dispensation, Doctrine Of The Buddha, Sasanavacara, Nine Fold Message, Patisasana, Vrishatapa-shasana, Pariyattidhamma, Vijaya-shasana.
Search found 42 books and stories containing Shasana, Sasana, Sāsana, Śāsana, Sasāṇā, Śasana, Sashana, Saṣaṇā; (plurals include: Shasanas, Sasanas, Sāsanas, Śāsanas, Sasāṇās, Śasanas, Sashanas, Saṣaṇās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vipassana Meditation Course (by Chanmyay Sayadaw)
Buddha Desana (by Sayadaw U Pannadipa)
Chapter 5 - The Distinguished Characteristics Of Buddhism < [Part I - The Buddha Desana]
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa) (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa)
Part 4 - Food For Thought < [Chapter 11 - Planes Of Existence]
Domain 7 - Pattanumodana (rejoicing at patti-dana) < [Chapter 6 - Ten domains of meritorious actions (ten punna kiriyavatthu)]
Factor 11 - Viriya (effort) < [Chapter 4 - Cetasikas Associated With Both Good And Bad Cittas (mind)]
Vipassana Meditation (by Chanmyay Sayadaw)
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 5 - Biographies of Ankura Deva and Indaka Deva < [Chapter 24 - The Buddha’s Sixth Vassa at Mount Makula]
Apadana commentary (Atthakatha) (by U Lu Pe Win)
Commentary on Biography of the thera Pulinapūjaka < [Chapter 3 - Subhūtivagga (section on Subhūti)]
Commentary on Biography of the thera Adhimutta < [Chapter 4 - Kuṇḍadhānavagga (section on Kuṇḍadhāna)]
Commentary on Biography of the thera Sayanadāyaka < [Chapter 5 - Upālivagga (section on Upāli)]