Shasana, aka: Sasana, Sāsana, Śāsana, Śasana; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shasana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śāsana and Śasana can be transliterated into English as Sasana or Shasana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

[Shasana in Purana glossaries]

Śāsana (शासन).—One of the eleven Rudras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 153. 19.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Shasana in Theravada glossaries]
Literally, "message." The dispensation, doctrine, and legacy of the Buddha; the Buddhist religion (see Dhamma vinaya).(Source): Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

N (Teaching, discourse, message). Buddhas teaching.

Generally, the term designates everthing that is related to Buddhas teaching, its propagation, its study and its putting into practice. We also say buddha sasana.

sasana also designates the period during which Buddhas teaching is made known to beings and practised.

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

(lit. 'message'): the Dispensation of the Buddha, the Buddhist religion; teaching, doctrine.

Navanga-Buddha (or satthu)-sāsana, the nine-fold Dispensation of the Buddha (or the Master) consists of

  • suttas (sutta),
  • mixed prose (geyya),
  • exegesis (veyyākarana),
  • verses (gāthā),
  • solemn utterances (udāna),
  • sayings of the Blessed One (itivuttaka),
  • birth stories (jātaka),
  • extraordinary things (abbhutadhamma), and
  • analysis (vedalla).

This classification is often found in the suttas (e.g. M.22).

According to the commentaries, also the Vinaya and the Abhidhamma Pitaka are comprised in that nine-fold division (see Atthasālini Tr., I, 33).

It is a classification according to literary styles, and not according to given texts or books.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Shasana in Pali glossaries]

sāsana : (nt.) teaching; order; message; doctrine; a letter.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sāsana, (nt.) (cp. Vedic śāsana) order, message, teaching J. I, 60, 328; II, 21; Pv IV. 354 (Buddhānaṃ); KhA 11 sq.; the doctrine of the Buddha Vin. I, 12; D. I, 110; II, 206; A. I, 294; Dh. 381; Sn. 482 etc.; J. I, 116. sāsanaṃ āroceti to give a message (dūtassa to the messenger) Vin. III, 76.

—antaradhāna the disappearance or decline of the teaching of the Buddha. Said of the doctrine of Kassapa Bhagavā SnA 156 (cp. sāsane parihāyamāne SnA 223), and with ref. to the Pāli Tipiṭaka VbhA. 432 sq. , where 3 periods of the development of the Buddhist doctrine are discussed, viz. sāsana-ṭhita-kāla, °osakkana-kāla, °antaradhāna.—kara complying with one’s order and teaching M. I, 129;—kāraka the same Sn. 445;—kārin the same A. II, 26; susāsanaṃ dussānaṃ J. I, 239 (English transl. : “true and false doctrine, ” “good and bad news”).—hara (+°jotaka) taking up (& explaining) an order SnA 164. (Page 707)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Shasana in Marathi glossaries]

śāsana (शासन).—n (S) Punishing, chastising, correcting. 2 Governing, ruling, directing. 3 Ordering or commanding: also an order or a command; an edict, enactment, decree. 4 A grant (of land or of privileges); a charter, a royal deed.

--- OR ---

sasāṇā (ससाणा).—m (śyēna S) A falcon, Falco calidus.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śāsana (शासन).—n Punishing. Governing. Order- ing. A charter.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Shasana in Sanskrit glossaries]

Śasana (शसन).—[śas-lyuṭ]

1) Wounding, killing.

2) Immolation (of an animal at sacrifice).

Derivable forms: śasanam (शसनम्).

--- OR ---

Śāsana (शासन).—a.

1) Teaching, instructing; इति मे न तु बोधाय कल्पते शासनं वचः (iti me na tu bodhāya kalpate śāsanaṃ vacaḥ) Bhāg.1.8.5.

2) Punishing, chastising.

-nam [śās-lyuṭ]

1) Instruction, teaching, discipline.

2) Rule, sway, government; अनन्यशासनामुर्वीम् (ananyaśāsanāmurvīm) R.1.3; so अप्रतिशासन (apratiśāsana).

3) An order, a command, direction; तरुभिरपि देवस्य शासनं प्रमाणीकृतम् (tarubhirapi devasya śāsanaṃ pramāṇīkṛtam) Ś.6; R.3.69;14.83. 18.28.

4) An edict, enactment, a decree.

5) A precept, rule.

6) A royal grant (of land &c.), charter; अहं त्वां शासनशतेन योजयिष्यमि (ahaṃ tvāṃ śāsanaśatena yojayiṣyami) Pt.1; Y.2.24.295.

7) A deed, writing, written agreement शासनप्रधाना हि राजानः स्युः (śāsanapradhānā hi rājānaḥ syuḥ) Kau. A.2.9.

8) Control of passions.

9) A written book of authority.

1) A (religious) doctrine.

11) A message. (At the end of comp. śāsana often means 'punisher, destroyer, killer'; as in smaraśāsanaḥ, pāka- śāsanaḥ).

--- OR ---

Sasana (ससन).—Immolation.

Derivable forms: sasanam (ससनम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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