Navanga, aka: Nava-anga, Navan-anga, Navāṅga; 6 Definition(s)


Navanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Navāṅga (नवाङ्ग) refers the nine classifications of Buddhist scriptures, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Throughout their history, the Theravādins have maintained the division of the scriptures into nine aṅgas, cited in Pāli in the following order:

  1. sutta,
  2. geyya,
  3. veyyākaraṇa,
  4. gāthā,
  5. udāna,
  6. itivuttaka,
  7. jātaka,
  8. abbhutadhamma,
  9. vedalla.

The Saddharmapuṇḍarīka proposes a navāṅga different from the Pāli classification, which consists of:

  1. sūtra,
  2. gāthā,
  3. itivṛttaka,
  4. jātaka,
  5. adbhuta,
  6. nidāna,
  7. aupamya,
  8. geya,
  9. upadeśa.
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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The 12 Āgamas compiled in the Dvādasāṅgi are known as Aṅga literature. The Navāṅga consists of—

  1. Sutta (teachings of Buddha in prose).
  2. Jñeyya (in mixed form with prose and poetry)
  3. Veyyākarṇa (commentaries)
  4. Gāthā (poetic form)
  5. Udāna (the emotive experiences of Buddha)
  6. Itivuttaka (short comments attributed to Buddha)
  7. Jātaka (stories related to earlier lives of Buddha)
  8. Abbhutadhamma (mystical expressions)
  9. Vedalla (teachings available in question-answer form)
Source: HereNow4U: Acharanga Bhasyam
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Navāṅga.—cf. Pali navaṃga (EI 33); cf. navāṅga-Śāstṛ-śāsana. Note: navāṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Navanga in Pali glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

navaṅga : (adj.) having nine portions.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Navāṅga (नवाङ्ग).—a kind of Āyurvedic mixture; विश्वामृताब्दभूनिम्बैः पञ्चमूलीसमन्वितैः । कृतः कषायो हन्त्याशु वातपित्तोद्भवं ज्वरम् (viśvāmṛtābdabhūnimbaiḥ pañcamūlīsamanvitaiḥ | kṛtaḥ kaṣāyo hantyāśu vātapittodbhavaṃ jvaram) Vaidyakam.

Derivable forms: navāṅgaḥ (नवाङ्गः).

Navāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms navan and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Navāṅga (नवाङ्ग).—adj. (= Pali navaṅga), with śāsana, (the) nine-fold (Buddhist sacred texts): °gam etan mama śāsanaṃ ca SP 46.1 (verse); see Kern, SBE 21.45 note 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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