Navanga, Navāṅga, Nava-anga, Navan-anga: 10 definitions


Navanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Navāṅga (नवाङ्ग) refers to the “nine ancillary adjuncts” of devotion (bhakti), as explained in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.23, as Śiva said to Satī:—“[...] O beloved, sages have explained that the different kinds of devotion have nine ancillary adjuncts (navāṅga). O daughter of Dakṣa, I shall narrate them to which you listen with love. According to scholars O Goddess, the nine ancillary adjuncts (navāṅga) are:—listening, eulogising, remembering, serving, surrendering, worshipping, saluting, friendliness and dedication. O Śiva, its further subdivisions too have been explained. O Goddess, listen to the characteristics of these nine adjuncts (navāṅga) separately. [...] These nine adjuncts (navāṅga) to the devotion to me, cause perfect knowledge, bestow wordly pleasures and salvation and are pleasing to me”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Navāṅga (नवाङ्ग) refers the nine classifications of Buddhist scriptures, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Throughout their history, the Theravādins have maintained the division of the scriptures into nine aṅgas, cited in Pāli in the following order:

  1. sutta,
  2. geyya,
  3. veyyākaraṇa,
  4. gāthā,
  5. udāna,
  6. itivuttaka,
  7. jātaka,
  8. abbhutadhamma,
  9. vedalla.

The Saddharmapuṇḍarīka proposes a navāṅga different from the Pāli classification, which consists of:

  1. sūtra,
  2. gāthā,
  3. itivṛttaka,
  4. jātaka,
  5. adbhuta,
  6. nidāna,
  7. aupamya,
  8. geya,
  9. upadeśa.
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4U: Acharanga Bhasyam

Navāṅga refers to the “preachings by Buddha”.—The 12 Āgamas compiled in the Dvādasāṅgi are known as Aṅga1 literature. [...] The word aṅga has also been used in Pāli literature - The preachings by Buddha have been called Navāṅga and Dvādasāṅga at different places.

The 12 Āgamas compiled in the Dvādasāṅgi are known as Aṅga literature. The Navāṅga consists of—

  1. Sutta (teachings of Buddha in prose).
  2. Jñeyya (in mixed form with prose and poetry)
  3. Veyyākarṇa (commentaries)
  4. Gāthā (poetic form)
  5. Udāna (the emotive experiences of Buddha)
  6. Itivuttaka (short comments attributed to Buddha)
  7. Jātaka (stories related to earlier lives of Buddha)
  8. Abbhutadhamma (mystical expressions)
  9. Vedalla (teachings available in question-answer form)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Navāṅga.—cf. Pali navaṃga (EI 33); cf. navāṅga-Śāstṛ-śāsana. Note: navāṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Navanga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

navaṅga : (adj.) having nine portions.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Navāṅga (नवाङ्ग).—a kind of Ayurvedic mixture; विश्वामृताब्दभूनिम्बैः पञ्चमूलीसमन्वितैः । कृतः कषायो हन्त्याशु वातपित्तोद्भवं ज्वरम् (viśvāmṛtābdabhūnimbaiḥ pañcamūlīsamanvitaiḥ | kṛtaḥ kaṣāyo hantyāśu vātapittodbhavaṃ jvaram) Vaidyakam.

Derivable forms: navāṅgaḥ (नवाङ्गः).

Navāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms navan and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Navāṅga (नवाङ्ग).—adj. (= Pali navaṅga), with śāsana, (the) nine-fold (Buddhist sacred texts): °gam etan mama śāsanaṃ ca Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 46.1 (verse); see Kern, [Sacred Books of the East] 21.45 note 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Navāṅgā (नवाङ्गा):—[from nava] f. a kind of gall-nut, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([varia lectio], latāṅgī).

[Sanskrit to German]

Navanga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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