Navanga, aka: Nava-anga, Navan-anga, Navāṅga; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Navanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Navāṅga (नवाङ्ग, “ninefold classification”):—Throughout their history, the Theravādins have maintained the division of the scriptures into nine aṅgas, cited in Pāli in the following order:

  1. sutta,
  2. geyya,
  3. veyyākaraṇa,
  4. gāthā,
  5. udāna,
  6. itivuttaka,
  7. jātaka,
  8. abbhutadhamma,
  9. vedalla.
(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

The 12 Āgamas compiled in the Dvādasāṅgi are known as Aṅga literature. The Navāṅga consists of—

  1. Sutta (teachings of Buddha in prose).
  2. Jñeyya (in mixed form with prose and poetry)
  3. Veyyākarṇa (commentaries)
  4. Gāthā (poetic form)
  5. Udāna (the emotive experiences of Buddha)
  6. Itivuttaka (short comments attributed to Buddha)
  7. Jātaka (stories related to earlier lives of Buddha)
  8. Abbhutadhamma (mystical expressions)
  9. Vedalla (teachings available in question-answer form)
(Source): HereNow4U: Acharanga Bhasyam
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

navaṅga : (adj.) having nine portions.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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