Sankalpa, Saṅkalpa, Saṅkalpā, Samkalpa: 13 definitions



Sankalpa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प) refers to “the mind’s function of acceptance and determination”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प) refers to “taking vows” (before performing an auspicious activity), according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—A saṅkalpa can be chanted before any auspicious vrata, or religious undertaking.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प) refers to:—Great resolve or determination; a vow. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sankalpa in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प).—One of the sons born to Dharmadeva by his wife Saṅkalpā. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 6).

2) Saṅkalpā (सङ्कल्पा).—A daughter of Dakṣa. Dharmadeva married the following ten daughters of Dakṣa, i.e. Arundhatī, Vasu, Yamī, Lambā, Bhānū, Marutvatī, Saṅkalpā, Muhūrtā, Sādhyā and Viśvā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प).—A son of Samkalpā and Dharma; father of Kāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 10: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 33; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 19: 203. 10: Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 34. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 108.

1b) Created by Brahmā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 5. 73.

1c) One of the two vṛttis of mahat.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 4. 46.

2) Saṅkalpā (सङ्कल्पा).—A daughter of Dakṣa, and one of Dharma's ten wives; mother of Samkalpa or pious determination.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 4 and 10: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 3 and 33. Matsya-purāṇa 5. 16, 19: 203. 10: Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 3: Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 105, 108.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प) or Saṃkalpā refers to one of the ten of Dakṣa’s sixty daughters given to Dharma in marriage, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters. [He gave ten daughters to Dharma in marriage] [...] The ten wives of Dharma are Sādhyā, Viśvā, Saṃkalpā, Muhūrtā, Arundhatī, Marutvatī, Vasu, Bhūnu, Lambā and Jāmī. Saṅkalpa (Saṃkalpa) was born from Saṃkalpā.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Advaita Vedānta: Bhagavad Gītā 6:24

Saṅkalpa, volition, the superimposition of the idea of worthiness on objects even though they be bad on account of closing the eyes to their unworthiness. From that volition arise desires, which is then eschwed by analysis of volition through discrimination. Everything, objects extending upto the world of Brahmā, are to be eschwed like porridge vomited by dog. By a discriminating mind, the sense organs are restricted, since desires wich precede them are restricted, since saṅkalpas are restricted.

Source: The Spiritual Scientist: What does vikalpa mean in the mind’s sanklpa-vikalpa?

Saṅkalpa basically means resolution. The word saṅkalpa can have positive or negative connotations.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Saṅkalpa.—(Chamba), also called saṅkalpa-hasta-udaka; liba- tion of water; donation. Note: saṅkalpa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅkalpa (संकल्प).—m (S) A volition or desire. 2 A resolve, resolution, determination, purpose. 3 Solemn and formal enunciation of purpose as preparatory to entrance upon any important religious rite or work (e. g. ablution at a tīrtha, śrāddha, gōpradāna, pṛthvī- dāna, dīpadāna, or other dānadharma). This utterance is made by the subject himself or by a Brahman for him.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṅkalpa (संकल्प).—m A volition or desire; a resolu- tion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प).—m.

(-lpaḥ) 1. Volition, will, resolve, mental determination. 2. A solemn vow or declaration of purpose. 3. Expectation of desired consequences from any voluntary act. E. sam before kṛp to be able, aff. ghañ, and the ra changed to la .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅkalpa (सङ्कल्प):—(lpaḥ) 1. m. Volition; will; solemn vow; determination; design, object of hope.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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