Samkarshana, Saṃkarṣaṇa: 12 definitions



Samkarshana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Saṃkarṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Samkarsana or Samkarshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Pratima Kosa Encyclopedia of Indian Iconography - Vol 6

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil stones).—The Saṃkarṣaṇa is two cakras at the opening joined face to face (lagna-dvicakrī); a cakra in front, and another at the back; the frontportion thicker than the back. Śālagrāma stones are very ancient geological specimens, rendered rounded and smooth by water-currents in a great length of time. They (e.g., Saṃkarṣaṇa stones) are distinguished by the ammonite (śālā, described as “vajra-kīṭa”, “adamantine worms”) which having entered into them for residence, are fossilized in course of time, leaving discus-like marks inside the stone.

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 5 (shilpa)

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण) is the name of a deity corresponding to the second vyūha (part of five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness) according to Pāñcarātrins thought.—The second form of Saṃkarṣaṇa has the form resembling the peak of sindūra tree, one face, four hands, meaning a cloth resembling the atasī flower, having the mark of the palm tree and holding with the main pair of hands which had the discus and the pestle in the hand of mace.

All these (e.g., Saṃkarṣaṇa) wear vanamālā, have the marks of Śrīvatsa, and shine with Kaustubha, the king of gems in the chest. They are to be thought of as always having crown, crest, beautiful necklace, armlets and anklets, variegated ornamental marks in the forehead, have the shining ear rings resembling the crocodiles, have different kinds of garlands and adorned with smearing of the beautiful camphor etc.

With a form black and yellow on the occasion of merging, Lord Saṃkarṣaṇa, who has a body yellow and red (in colour) amidst west and south in the acts that goes against the current (merging).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samkarshana in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Saṃkarṣaṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Journal of the American Oriental Society: The Harivaṃśa, the Goddess Ekānaṃśā

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण).—The Harivaṃśa depicts Kṛṣṇa as the manifestation of Viṣṇu, and his elder brother Saṃkarṣaṇa, as the manifestation of the serpent Śeṣa. On the basis of these tow figures alone, however, the events which took place in the cowherd settlement (vraja, ghoṣa) of Mathurā and in the fabled city of Dvāravatī remain inexplicable.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण) is one of the sons of Vasudeva and grandson of Kroṣṭā, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] The Son of Yadu was Kroṣṭā in whose race the most glorious kings were born. The text only names them as [viz., Vasudeva]. Ugrasena’s daughter was Devakī who married Vasudeva and from them Viṣṇu by the curse of Bhṛgu was born as Kṛṣṇa. From Vasudeva’s other wife Rohiṇī was born Saṃkarṣaṇa.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samkarshana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण).—1 The act of drawing together, contracting; (sātvatī) या द्रष्टृदृश्ययोः संकर्षणम् (yā draṣṭṛdṛśyayoḥ saṃkarṣaṇam) Bhāg.5.25.1.

2) Attracting.

3) Ploughing, furrowing.

4) Shortening.

-ṇaḥ 1 Name of Balarāma; असियुद्धे गदायुद्धे रथयुद्धे च पाण्डवः । संकर्षणादशिक्षद्वै शश्वच्छिक्षां वृकोदरः (asiyuddhe gadāyuddhe rathayuddhe ca pāṇḍavaḥ | saṃkarṣaṇādaśikṣadvai śaśvacchikṣāṃ vṛkodaraḥ) || Mb.1.139.4; संकर्षणात्तु गर्भस्य स हि संकर्षणो युवा (saṃkarṣaṇāttu garbhasya sa hi saṃkarṣaṇo yuvā) Hariv.

2) Name of the great serpent Śeṣa; पातालतलमारभ्य संकर्षणमुखानलः (pātālatalamārabhya saṃkarṣaṇamukhānalaḥ) Bhāg.11.3.1.

3) The destructor of the world; क्षये संकर्षणं प्रोक्तं तमुपास्यमुपास्महे (kṣaye saṃkarṣaṇaṃ proktaṃ tamupāsyamupāsmahe) Mb.12.47.32.

4) Egotism (ahaṃkāra); सोऽग्रजं सर्वभूतानां संकर्षणमकल्पयत् (so'grajaṃ sarvabhūtānāṃ saṃkarṣaṇamakalpayat) Mb.12.27.1.

Derivable forms: saṃkarṣaṇam (संकर्षणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण).—i. e. sam-kṛṣ + ana, I. n. 1. Attracting. 2. Ploughing. Ii. m. 1. Baladeva, brother of Kṛṣṇa, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 55, 140; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 112. 2. Name of another man, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 88, 24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण).—[masculine] the Plougher (Halāyudha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—father of Nīlāsura (Navakaṇḍikābhāṣya). Oxf. 380^a.

2) Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण):—son of Śeṣācārya: Satyanāthamāhātmyaratnākara. Satyanāthābhyudaya and—[commentary].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण):—[=saṃ-karṣaṇa] [from saṃ-karṣa > saṃ-kṛṣ] n. drawing out, extraction, [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] a means of joining or uniting, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] drawing together, contracting, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] making rows, ploughing, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Bala-deva or Bala-rāma (also called Halāyudha [q.v.], the elder brother of Kṛṣṇa; he was drawn from the womb of Devakī and transferred to that of Rohiṇī; among Vaiṣṇavas he is considered as the second of the four forms of Puruṣôttama), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of the father of Nīlāsura, [Catalogue(s)]

7) [v.s. ...] (also with sūri) of various authors, [ib.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃkarisaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samkarshana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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