Samkarshana, Saṅkarṣaṇa, Saṃkarṣaṇa, Sankarshana: 25 definitions


Samkarshana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Saṅkarṣaṇa and Saṃkarṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Sankarsana or Sankarshana or Samkarsana or Samkarshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samkarshana in Purana glossary
Source: The Garuda puranam

The stone known as Sankarshana, is of a red colour, has two ring-like marks around its mouth or lateral aperture and has the mark of a lotus on its eastern side.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Saṅkarṣaṇa (सङ्कर्षण).—Balabhadra Rāma. (To know about the derivation of the name see under Balabhadra Rāma).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṅkarṣaṇa (सङ्कर्षण) is mentioned as another name for Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.2 (“The Prayer of the gods).—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Śiva: “[...] O great god, obeisance to Thee the delighter of the three worlds (trilokīnandana). Obeisance to Pradyumna, Aniruddha and Vāsudeva (these being your manifestations). Obeisance to Thee. Obeisance to Thee, the lord Saṃkarṣaṇa. Obeisance to Thee the destroyer of Kaṃsa. Obeisance to Thee O Dāmodara, the pounder of Cāṇūra, the partaker of poison. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Saṅkarṣaṇa (सङ्कर्षण).—The fourth form of Hari worshipped by Śiva in Ilāvṛta; another name of Ananta; the ruler of Ahamkāra. A god of one thousand heads presiding over bhūtas; by his fire was burnt the three worlds; his greatness; mantra in honour of; Lord of serpents.1 Kṛṣṇa, one of the vaṃśavīras.2

  • 1) Bhā I. 5. 37: V. 17. 16: 25. 1: IV. 24. 35: III. 26. 25: 19. 29. V. 25 (whole) VI. 15. 27-8: 16. 18: Matsya-purāṇa 2. 5: 93. 51: 248. 47: 276. 8.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 36. 51: 72. 1: Vā 97. 1: 111. 21.

1b) Balarāma and Balabhadra;1 the seventh conception of Devakī, transferred to Roḥiṇī; a portion of Śeṣa, an aṃśa of God Viṣṇu; a great hero, white in complexion, like a mountain in size.2 killed Dhenuka;3 killed Pralamba;4 taught the bhāgavata to Sanatkumāra.5

  • 1) Bhā X. 2. 13: 8. 12: 15. 10: 40. 21: 41. 39: 50. 12: 89. 31, 33: Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 29: V. 18. 58: 37. 25.
  • 2) Ib. V. 1. 73-6: Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 54, 60:
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 8. 5.
  • 4) Ib. V. 9. 16.
  • 5) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 8. 3.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Saṃkarṣaṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Journal of the American Oriental Society: The Harivaṃśa, the Goddess Ekānaṃśā

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण).—The Harivaṃśa depicts Kṛṣṇa as the manifestation of Viṣṇu, and his elder brother Saṃkarṣaṇa, as the manifestation of the serpent Śeṣa. On the basis of these tow figures alone, however, the events which took place in the cowherd settlement (vraja, ghoṣa) of Mathurā and in the fabled city of Dvāravatī remain inexplicable.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण) is one of the sons of Vasudeva and grandson of Kroṣṭā, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] The Son of Yadu was Kroṣṭā in whose race the most glorious kings were born. The text only names them as [viz., Vasudeva]. Ugrasena’s daughter was Devakī who married Vasudeva and from them Viṣṇu by the curse of Bhṛgu was born as Kṛṣṇa. From Vasudeva’s other wife Rohiṇī was born Saṃkarṣaṇa.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Samkarshana in Pancaratra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Saṅkarṣaṇa (सङ्कर्षण, “He who draws others near him”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Sarasvatī.

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

Saṅkarṣaṇa—with this vyūha the "non pure" creation becomes dimly manifest like an embryo without internal distinctions. The guṇa concerned is bala, (omnipotence). Balarama is connected with this aspect, also described as "Aśeṣa", "bhuvana ādhāra" (the support of the universe Ananta Śeṣa).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Pratima Kosa Encyclopedia of Indian Iconography - Vol 6

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil stones).—The Saṃkarṣaṇa is two cakras at the opening joined face to face (lagna-dvicakrī); a cakra in front, and another at the back; the frontportion thicker than the back. Śālagrāma stones are very ancient geological specimens, rendered rounded and smooth by water-currents in a great length of time. They (e.g., Saṃkarṣaṇa stones) are distinguished by the ammonite (śālā, described as “vajra-kīṭa”, “adamantine worms”) which having entered into them for residence, are fossilized in course of time, leaving discus-like marks inside the stone.

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 5 (shilpa)

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण) is the name of a deity corresponding to the second vyūha (part of five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness) according to Pāñcarātrins thought.—The second form of Saṃkarṣaṇa has the form resembling the peak of sindūra tree, one face, four hands, meaning a cloth resembling the atasī flower, having the mark of the palm tree and holding with the main pair of hands which had the discus and the pestle in the hand of mace.

All these (e.g., Saṃkarṣaṇa) wear vanamālā, have the marks of Śrīvatsa, and shine with Kaustubha, the king of gems in the chest. They are to be thought of as always having crown, crest, beautiful necklace, armlets and anklets, variegated ornamental marks in the forehead, have the shining ear rings resembling the crocodiles, have different kinds of garlands and adorned with smearing of the beautiful camphor etc.

With a form black and yellow on the occasion of merging, Lord Saṃkarṣaṇa, who has a body yellow and red (in colour) amidst west and south in the acts that goes against the current (merging).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Samkarshana in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Saṅkarṣaṇa (सङ्कर्षण) refers to:—(see Ananta Śeṣa) Name of Baladeva Prabhu. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samkarshana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण) refers to one of the eight Heroes (vīra-aṣṭaka) associated with Jālandhara (which is in the southern quarter), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight heroes: Ananta, Jvāla, Jṛmbhaṇa, Stambhana, Mohana, Stambhakārī, Saṃkarṣaṇa, Vighnāntaka.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samkarshana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Saṅkarṣaṇa (सङ्कर्षण).—n S Drawing, pulling, attracting. 2 Ploughing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Saṅkarṣaṇa (सङ्कर्षण).—n Drawing, attracting. Ploughing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samkarshana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण).—1 The act of drawing together, contracting; (sātvatī) या द्रष्टृदृश्ययोः संकर्षणम् (yā draṣṭṛdṛśyayoḥ saṃkarṣaṇam) Bhāgavata 5.25.1.

2) Attracting.

3) Ploughing, furrowing.

4) Shortening.

-ṇaḥ 1 Name of Balarāma; असियुद्धे गदायुद्धे रथयुद्धे च पाण्डवः । संकर्षणादशिक्षद्वै शश्वच्छिक्षां वृकोदरः (asiyuddhe gadāyuddhe rathayuddhe ca pāṇḍavaḥ | saṃkarṣaṇādaśikṣadvai śaśvacchikṣāṃ vṛkodaraḥ) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.139.4; संकर्षणात्तु गर्भस्य स हि संकर्षणो युवा (saṃkarṣaṇāttu garbhasya sa hi saṃkarṣaṇo yuvā) Hariv.

2) Name of the great serpent Śeṣa; पातालतलमारभ्य संकर्षणमुखानलः (pātālatalamārabhya saṃkarṣaṇamukhānalaḥ) Bhāgavata 11.3.1.

3) The destructor of the world; क्षये संकर्षणं प्रोक्तं तमुपास्यमुपास्महे (kṣaye saṃkarṣaṇaṃ proktaṃ tamupāsyamupāsmahe) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.47.32.

4) Egotism (ahaṃkāra); सोऽग्रजं सर्वभूतानां संकर्षणमकल्पयत् (so'grajaṃ sarvabhūtānāṃ saṃkarṣaṇamakalpayat) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.27.1.

Derivable forms: saṃkarṣaṇam (संकर्षणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅkarṣaṇa (सङ्कर्षण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Attracting, drawing. 2. Ploughing, making furrows, &c. m.

(-ṇaḥ) Baladeva. E. sam before kṛṣ to plough, &c., aff. yuc or lyuṭ. As applied to the demi-god it refers to his removal in embryo from the womb of Devaki to that of Rohini.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण).—i. e. sam-kṛṣ + ana, I. n. 1. Attracting. 2. Ploughing. Ii. m. 1. Baladeva, brother of Kṛṣṇa, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 55, 140; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 112. 2. Name of another man, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 88, 24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण).—[masculine] the Plougher (Halāyudha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—father of Nīlāsura (Navakaṇḍikābhāṣya). Oxf. 380^a.

2) Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण):—son of Śeṣācārya: Satyanāthamāhātmyaratnākara. Satyanāthābhyudaya and—[commentary].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण):—[=saṃ-karṣaṇa] [from saṃ-karṣa > saṃ-kṛṣ] n. drawing out, extraction, [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] a means of joining or uniting, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] drawing together, contracting, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] making rows, ploughing, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Bala-deva or Bala-rāma (also called Halāyudha [q.v.], the elder brother of Kṛṣṇa; he was drawn from the womb of Devakī and transferred to that of Rohiṇī; among Vaiṣṇavas he is considered as the second of the four forms of Puruṣôttama), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of the father of Nīlāsura, [Catalogue(s)]

7) [v.s. ...] (also with sūri) of various authors, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅkarṣaṇa (सङ्कर्षण):—[sa-ṅkarṣaṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Attraction; ploughing. m. Baladeva.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃkarṣaṇa (संकर्षण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃkarisaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samkarshana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samkarshana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃkarṣaṇa (ಸಂಕರ್ಷಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of drawing towards; attraction.

2) [noun] he who removes, avoids, wards off (evils).

3) [noun] Balarāma, elder brother of Křṣṇa.

4) [noun] Viṣṇu or Křṣṇa, who is very handsome.

5) [noun] one of the four forms which the highest Brahman assumes out of tenderness for his devotees, which rule the individual souls.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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