Samita, Śamita, Shamita, Samitā, Sāmita: 19 definitions


Samita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śamita can be transliterated into English as Samita or Shamita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shamit.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śamita (शमित).—A Sādhya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 44.

2) Samita (समित).—A marut of the fifth gaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 96.

3) Samitā (समिता).—One of the names in the Marutgaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 128.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Sāmita (सामित) refers to a type of sweet, according to the Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna chapter 46, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Suśrutasaṃhitā refers to the sweets like sāmita, kṣīrakṛta, kūrcikāvikṛta, gauḍika, saṃyāva and ghṛtapūra.

2) Samita (समित) refers to a type of “wheat dish”, as described in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—Samita is a derivative of wheat. The white grains of wheat are washed, pounded, dried, sprinkled with water and converted into flour by passing through a mill. Śūranāḍ Kuñjan Pillai, the editor of Trivandrum Sanskrit Serires edition of the first pariccheda of Bhojanakutūhala, notes that samita is popular in the name maida in Maharashtra which also attests the linguistic relation between these two words.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (vaishnavism)

Śamita (शमित) refers to “subduing (the stench of sins)”, according to the Vedānta Deśika’s Yatirājasaptati.—There are allusions to Rāmānuja’s “protection” of the Vedas, his defeat of those who hold other Vedāntic views as well as the significance of his establishment of the right interpretation of the Vedas in innumerable verses of the Yatirājasaptati. [...] Verse 31 captures in a lovely set of images the nature of Rāmānuja’s works.They are wish-fulfilling trees for the imagination of debaters, oozing with the nectar of Hari’s feet, possessing many branches so that they can remove suffering/heat, and subduing (śamita) (with their perfume) the stench of sins.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Śamita (शमित) refers to “having quashed (the movement of the breath)”, according to the Yogatārāvalī: a short Yoga text of twenty-nine verses presenting Haṭhayoga as the means to Rājayoga (i.e., Samādhi).—Accordingly, while describing the no-mind state: “When the movement of the breath is quashed (śamita) through the prolonged restraint of the mind and senses, the bodies of the best Yogins become still like a lamp in a windless place and their minds are immersed in the no-mind [state]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A king of fourteen kappas ago, a previous birth of Buddhasannaka (Meghiya) Thera. Ap.i.152; ThagA.i.150.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

samita : (pp. of sameti) calmed; appeased.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Samita, 4 (pp. of saṃ+śam to labour) arranged, put in order J. V, 201 (=saṃvidahita C.). (Page 686)

2) Samita, 3 (pp. of sammati1) quiet, appeased DhA. III, 84. (Page 686)

3) Samita, 2 (sa+mita, of ) equal (in measure), like S. I, 6. (Page 686)

4) Samita, 1 (saṃ+ita, pp. of sameti) gathered, assembled Vv 6410; VvA. 277.—nt. as adv. samitaṃ continuously M. I, 93; A. IV, 13; It. 116; Miln. 70, 116. (Page 686)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śamita (शमित).—p S Quieted, calmed, stilled: also assuaged, mitigated, alleviated: also appeased or pacified.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śamita (शमित).—p. p.

1) Appeased, allayed, soothed, calmed.

2) Alleviated, cured, relieved.

3) Relaxed.

4) Calm, sedate.

5) Moderated, tempered; अविभावितनिष्क्रमप्रयाणः शमितायाम इवातिरंहसा सः (avibhāvitaniṣkramaprayāṇaḥ śamitāyāma ivātiraṃhasā saḥ) Kirātārjunīya 13.27.

6) Destroyed, killed; शमितकुरुवंशप्रसविता (śamitakuruvaṃśaprasavitā) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 4.5.

-tā Rice-powder.

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Samita (समित).—f.

1) War, battle; समिति पतिनिपाताकर्णन (samiti patinipātākarṇana) &c. N.12.75.

2) Association; L. D. B.

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Samita (समित).—p. p.

1) Come together, met.

2) Collected, assembled.

3) Connected, united with; इदं हि वैदैः समितं पवित्रमपि चोत्तमम् (idaṃ hi vaidaiḥ samitaṃ pavitramapi cottamam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.62.16;14.88.27.

4) Contiguous.

5) Parallel.

6) Promised, agreed to.

7) Completed, finished.

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Samitā (समिता).—Wheat-flour.

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Sāmita (सामित).—a. Mixed with wheat-flour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śamita (शमित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Pacified, appeased. 2. Quiet, tranquil, calm. 3. Alleviated, relieved. 4. Tempered, moderated. 5. Relaxed, intermitted. E. śam to be pacified or calm, aff. kta .

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Samitā (समिता).—f.

(-tā) Wheat-flour. E. sam before iṇ to go, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samitā (समिता).—f. Wheat, flour.

— Cf. samīda and ; [Latin] simila, similago; it appears also in the Coptic samit and Arab. samīd, and is probably borrowed from the Greek.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samita (समित).—1. [adjective] united, joined with ([instrumental] or —°).

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Samita (समित).—2. [adjective] equal in measure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śamita (शमित):—[from śam] mfn. (cf. śānta) prepared, ready (as an oblation), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] ([from] [Causal]) appeased, allayed etc.

3) [v.s. ...] kept in order, cut (as nails), [Meghadūta 89] ([varia lectio])

4) [v.s. ...] destroyed, killed, [Raghuvaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] relieved, cured, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] relaxed, intermitted, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Sthavira of the Jainas, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

8) Śamitā (शमिता):—[from śamita > śam] f. rice-powder, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Samita (समित):—[=sam-ita] [from sam-i] a mfn. (for sa-mita See below) come together, assembled, joined or united or combined with ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata]

10) [v.s. ...] promised, agreed, assented to, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

11) [v.s. ...] finished, completed, [ib.]

12) [=sa-mita] b mfn. ([from] 7. sa + 2. mita) measured, meted out (opp. to a-mita), [Kāvyaprakāśa]

13) [v.s. ...] (= sam-mita) commensurate, equal to ([compound]), [Mahābhārata; Suśruta]

14) Samitā (समिता):—[=sa-mitā] [from sa-mita] f. wheat-flour, [Bhāvaprakāśa; Divyāvadāna]

15) Sāmita (सामित):—mfn. ([from] samitā) made from or mixed with wheat-flour, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śamita (शमित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Pacified, tranquil; moderated; relaxed.

2) Samitā (समिता):—(tā) 1. f. Wheat flower.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Samita (समित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Samia, Samiā, Sāmia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śamita (शमित) [Also spelled shamit]:—(a) pacified; tranquillized; quietened, suppressed; quenched.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śamita (ಶಮಿತ):—

1) [adjective] calmed down; tranquilised.

2) [adjective] (said of a disease, evil, etc.) warded off; prevented (from happening).

3) [adjective] killed; slaughtered; destroyed.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Śamita (शमित):—adj. 1. appeased; soothed; calmed; 2. alleviated; cured; relieved; 3. relaxed; 4. calm; quiet; 5. moderated; tempered;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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