Samhita, aka: Saṃhitā, Saṃhita; 14 Definition(s)


Samhita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Samhita in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saṃhitā (संहिता).—Collection of hymns addressed to various Devatās in nature. These songs are in the form of mantras. (See under Veda).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Saṃhitā (संहिता).—Vedic texts;1 three Samhitās composed by eight sages.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 29. 52; 31. 11-13. Matsya-purāṇa 264. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 58. 13; 104. 86.
  • 2) Ib. 61. 1-2, 4, 121.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Saṃhitā (संहिता).—The medical knowledge acquired in the early age was documented systematically and organised scientifically in the compendia (saṃhitās) of Āyurveda of which the Caraka-saṃhitā, the enlarged and redacted edition of the Agniveśa-tantra, tops the list. During this period, the basic concepts were established and the whole system of medicine including physiology, pathology and pharmacology was rationalised.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

Samhita in Mimamsa glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saṃhita (संहित) refers to the first section of Vedic literature.—The Saṃhitas are the core texts which consist of the revelations of the great sages (ṛṣis). They are presented in the form of hymns and poems (su-uktas = well said).

Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis
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Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Saṃhitā (संहिता).—Position of words or parts of words in the formation of a word quite near each other which results into the natural phonetic coalescence of the preceding and the following letters. Originally when the Vedic hymns or the running prose passages of the Yajurveda were split up into their different constituent parts namely the words or padas by the Padakaras, the word संहिता (saṃhitā) or संहितापाठ (saṃhitāpāṭha) came into use as contrasted with the पदपाठ (padapāṭha). The writers of of the Pratisakhyas have conseguently defined संहिता (saṃhitā) as पदप्रकृतिः संहिता (padaprakṛtiḥ saṃhitā), while Panini who further split up the padas into bases (प्रकृति (prakṛti)) and affixes (प्रत्यय (pratyaya)) and mentioned several augments and substitutes, the phonetic combinations, which resulted inside the word or pada, had to be explained by reason of the close vicinity of the several phonetic units forming the base, the affix, the augment, the substitute and the like, and he had to define the word संहृिता (saṃhṛिtā) rather differently which he did in the words परः संनिकर्षः संहिता (paraḥ saṃnikarṣaḥ saṃhitā); cf P.I.4.109; cf. also संहितैकपदे नित्या नित्या धातूपसर्गयोः । नित्य समासे वाक्ये तु सा विवक्षामपेक्षते (saṃhitaikapade nityā nityā dhātūpasargayoḥ | nitya samāse vākye tu sā vivakṣāmapekṣate) Sabdakaustubha on Maheshvara Sutra 5.1.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Samhita, or “vedic chants” are the oral tradition of the Vedas. They consist of several pathas, “recitations” or ways of chanting the Vedic mantras. These hymns were sung at times of worship and Yajna, giving rise to the rites of the early Vedic period.

Source: India Netzone: Indian Philosophy

Saṃhitā (संहिता).—Supplementary Vedic literatures expressing the conclusions of particular self-realized authorities.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Saṃhitā (संहिता) literally means a “collection of hymns” etc. According to Pauṣkarasaṃhitā (as quoted in Īśānaśivagurudevapaddhati) it is defined as “that which contains more than twelve thousand verses and deals with religious matters and their practise, daily routines, medicinal aspects, astrology are called saṃhitā

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (h)

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

One of four types of Vedic literature in ancient India. It consists of four sections, including poems, songs, rituals, mandra, etc. 1. Rg veda - life and health; 2. Sama veda - ritual and worship; 3. Yajur veda - war study; 4. Atharva veda - mandra and poems. The four is know as Four Vedas. Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Samhita in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

saṃhita : (adj.) equipped with; possessed of. || saṃhitā (f.) connection; euphonic agreement.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Samhita in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

saṃhita (संहित).—p S Attached, united, joined. 2 Collected, gathered, assembled. 3 Abridged, epitomized, contracted or compressed.

--- OR ---

saṃhitā (संहिता).—f S Proximity or adjunction: esp., in grammar, the proximity of two letters without an intervening pause; the state preparatory to Sandhi or junction. 2 An arrangement of the text of the Vedas into short sentences; denominated after the person by whom made. Ex. sūtasaṃhitā, vārāhasaṃhitā, gargasaṃhitā. 3 A branch or school of the Vedas. 4 A compilation, code, digest.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṃhita (संहित).—p United Collected. Abridged.

--- OR ---

saṃhitā (संहिता).—f Proximity. A code. A school of the Vedas.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃhita (संहित).—p. p.

1) Placed together, joined, united; संहितप्रयाणम् (saṃhitaprayāṇam) Kau. A.7; उक्ताः स्मो यद्भगवता तदात्वायतिसंहितम् (uktāḥ smo yadbhagavatā tadātvāyatisaṃhitam) Mb.12.328.2.

2) Agreeing with, conformable to, in accordance with.

3) Relating to, proceeding from; पश्य लक्ष्मण शीतेषुं मानवं मनुसंहितन् (paśya lakṣmaṇa śīteṣuṃ mānavaṃ manusaṃhitan) Rām.1.3.2.

4) Collected.

5) Provided, furnished, endowed, accompanied, conformable to; अब्रवीत्त्रिदशान् सर्वान् समेतान् धर्मसंहितान् (abravīttridaśān sarvān sametān dharmasaṃhitān) Rām.1.15. 27; Mb.1.1.16.

6) Caused by.

7) Placed, fixed.

8) Compiled.

9) Coming close or near; तदभ्यासादुपावर्त संहितानां च सेवनात् (tadabhyāsādupāvarta saṃhitānāṃ ca sevanāt) Mb.12.9.29.

1) Placed on (the bow); विचकर्ष च संहितेषुरुच्चैश्चरणास्कन्दननामिताचलेन्द्रः (vicakarṣa ca saṃhiteṣuruccaiścaraṇāskandananāmitācalendraḥ) Ki.13.18. See संधा (saṃdhā).

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Saṃhitā (संहिता).—

1) Combination, union, conjunction.

2) A collection, compilation, compendium.

3) Any systematically arranged collection of texts or verses.

4) A compendium or compilation of laws, code, digest; मनु- संहिता (manu- saṃhitā).

5) The continuous hymnical text of the Veda as formed out of the Padas or individual words by proper phonetic changes according to different Śākhās or schools; पदप्रकृतिः संहिता (padaprakṛtiḥ saṃhitā) Nir.

6) (In gram.) Combination or junction of letters according to the rules of Saṃdhi or euphony; परः संनिकर्षः संहिता (paraḥ saṃnikarṣaḥ saṃhitā) P.I.4.19; वर्णानामतिशयितः संनिधिः संहितासंज्ञः स्यात् (varṇānāmatiśayitaḥ saṃnidhiḥ saṃhitāsaṃjñaḥ syāt) Sk.; or वर्णानामेकप्राणयोगः संहिता (varṇānāmekaprāṇayogaḥ saṃhitā).

7) The Supreme Being who holds and supports the universe.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃhita (संहित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Attached, joined. 2. Collected, assembled. 3. Placed, fixed. 4. Provided, furnished, equipped. f.

(-tā) 1. An arrangement of the text of the Vedas into short sentences, regulated when the style is verse by the species of verse, and when prose by the subject, and denominated after the person or persons by whom the arrangement was originally made: it is also sometimes considered as synonymous with a Sakha, a branch or or school of the Vedas of which sixteen are reckoned to the Rig-Veda, one hundred and one to the Yajush, one thousand in the Sama, and nine in the Atharvan. 2. A compendium, a collection more or less compressed of laws, legends, &c. 3. (In grammar,) Proximity of two letters without an intermediate pause, Sand'hi or junction, though usually considered rather as the state preparatory to the actual junction than the junction itself. 4. A compilation, a code, a digest. E. sam before dhā to have, aff. ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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