Roga: 29 definitions

Introduction:

Roga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Rog.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Roga (रोग) refers to “ailments”, which one is able to drive away (uccāṭa) through the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] the worship with Japā flowers (China rose) brings about the death of enemies (śatrumṛtyu). Karavīra flowers drive away all ailments (roga-uccāṭa)”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Roga (रोग).—To be worshipped in housebuilding and palace building.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 253. 26; 268. 17.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Roga (रोग) or Rogacatuṣka refers to one of the seven subsections of the Sūtrasthāna of the Carakasaṃhitā which enjoys a prime position among Ayurvedic treatises and is written in the form of advices of the sage Ātreya to the sage Agniveśa. The Carakasaṃhitā contains eight sections [viz., sūtrasthāna]. Sūtrasthāna contains 30 chapters. Of them the first 28 chapters are divided into seven subsections namely catuṣakas [viz., roga-catuṣka].

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Roga (रोग):—Discomfort; pain; Disease

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Roga (रोग) (Cf. Ruj) refers to “facial disease”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the lunar eclipse should terminate at the south-eastern point of the disc, the termination is technically known as dakṣiṇa-hanu (right jaw): crops will perish; facial disease [i.e., mukha-ruj] will afflict mankind; princes will suffer; and there will be good rain. If the lunar eclipse should terminate at the north-eastern point of the disc, the termination is known as vāma-hanu (left jaw): the king’s son will be afflicted with fears; there will be facial disease [i.e., mukha-roga] and wars, but prosperity over the whole land”

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Roga (रोग) refers to “disease”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 19.54.—Accordingly: “The ministers joined by the chaplain who knew the last rites placed him on the pyre in secret in the palace garden, under the pretext of a ceremony that averts disease (roga-śānti)”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

1) Roga (रोग) refers to one of the deities to be installed in the ground plan for the construction of houses, according to the Bṛhatkālottara, chapter 112 (the vāstuyāga-paṭala).—The plan for the construction is always in the form of a square. That square is divided into a grid of cells (padas). [...] Once these padas have been laid out, deities [e.g., Roga] are installed in them. In the most common pattern 45 deities are installed.

Roga as a doorway deity is associated with the Nakṣatra called Tiṣya and the consequence is roga. [...] The Mayasaṃgraha (verse 5.156-187) describes a design for a 9-by-9-part pura, a residential complex for a community and its lead figure. [...] This record lists a place for tools at Roga (ruji).

2) Roga (रोग) refers to “disease” which is specified as the consequence of a doorway (dvāraphala) at Pāpayakṣman (one of the peripheral padas of the 9 by 9 deity map), according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [while describing the consequences of a doorway]—“[...] There is loss of wealth at Śoṣa and disease at Pāpayakṣman (rogarogaḥ syāt pāpayakṣmaṇi). Eight deities have been listed, in the house facing west. Those facing north are listed next, in sequence, from the northwest on. At Roga is bondage. At Nāga (Vāsuki) is an enemy.  [...]

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Roga (रोग) refers to “illnesses”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[...] [The demons born of] the aggressive magic of [his] enemies, having failed to take hold of him, frightened will possess the performer [of the ritual], like a river[’s fury] blocked by a mountain. Droughts will end and enemies will run away. In his kingdom there will not be dangers in the form of untimely deaths, wild animals, beasts of prey, thieves, illnesses (roga) etc. and strength shall reside in his lineage”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Roga (रोग, “sickness”):—The charioteer of Yama, who resides in the city known as Saṃyaminī. Yama, the vedic God of death, represents the embodiment of Dharma. Yama rules over the kingdom of the dead and binds humankind according to the fruits of their karma.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

M (Sickness).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Roga (रोग, “sickness”) refers to one of the eight kinds of contemplations (anupaśyanā) among the Buddha’s disciples, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). Accordingly, “for them, everything is impermanent (anitya), suffering (duḥkha), empty (śūnya), egoless (anātmaka), like a sickness (roga), an ulcer (gaṇḍa), like an arrow (śalya) stuck in one’s body, like an agony (agha)”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Roga (रोग) refers to a group of deities summoned by the Yamāntaka-mantra and mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Roga).

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Roga (रोग) refers to “disease”, according to the Bhūśalyasūtrapātananimittavidhi section of Jagaddarpaṇa’s Ācāryakriyāsamuccaya, a text within Tantric Buddhism dealing with construction manual for monasteries etc.—Accordingly, “[...] If a frog croaks, there is danger of water in the [donor’s?] house. If smoke [is seen], there is distraction of mind. If a person suffering from a disease, a person of a lower [class], a person suffering from leprosy, a deranged person, and a woman are seen, then it causes disease (roga-bhājrogabhāk)”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Roga (रोग, “illness”) refers to one of the hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (e.g., roga). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Roga (रोग) refers to “infirmities”, according to the commentary on the 11th century Jñānārṇava (verse 2.1), a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Is one not disturbed by [family] attachments? Is this body not cut down by diseases (com.—roga—‘infirmities’)? Does death not open its mouth? Do calamities not do harm every day? Are hells not dreadful? Are not sensual pleasures deceiving like a dream? Because of which, having discarded one’s own benefit, you have a desire for the world which is like a city of Kiṃnaras”.

Synonyms: Rujā, Āmaya.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

roga : (m.) disease; illness.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Roga, (Vedic roga: ruj (see rujati), cp. Sk. rujā breakage, illness) illness, disease.—The definition of roga at J. II, 437 is “roga rujana-sabhāvattaṃ. ” There are many diff. enumerations of rogas and sets of standard combinations, of which the foll. may be mentioned. At sn 311 (cp. D. III, 75) it is said that in old times there were only 3 diseases, viz. icchā, anasanaṃ, jarā, which gradually, through slaughtering of animals, increased to 98. Bdhgh at SnA 324 hints at these 98 with “cakkhu-rog’adinā-bhedena. ” Beginning with this (cakkhuroga affection of the eye) we have a list of 34 rogas at Nd1 13 (under pākaṭa-parissayā or open dangers=Nd1 360= Nd2 420) & Nd2 3041 B, viz. cakkhu° & the other 4 senses, sīsa°, kaṇṇa°, mukha°, danta°; kāsa, sāsa, pināsa, ḍāha, jara; kucchiroga, mucchā, pakkhandikā, sūlā, visūcikā; kuṭṭhaṃ, gaṇḍo, kilāso, soso, apamāro; daddu, kaṇḍu, kacchu, rakhasā, vitacchikā, lohita‹-› pittaṃ, madhumeho, aṃsā, piḷakā, bhagandalā. This list is followed by list of 10 ābādhas & under “dukkha” goes on with var. other “ills, ” which however do not make up the number 98. The same list is found at A. V, 110. The 10 ābādhas (Nd2 3041 C.) occur at A. II, 87 & Miln. 308 (as āgantuka-rogā). The 4 “rogas” of the Sun (miln 273, cp. Vin. II, 295) are: abbha, mahikā, megha, Rāhu.—Another mention of roga together with plagues which attack the corn in the field is given at J. V, 401, viz. visa-vāta; mūsika-salabha-suka-pāṇaka; setaṭṭhika-roga etc., i.e. hurtful winds, mice, moths & parrots, mildew.—The combination roga, gaṇḍa, salla is sometimes found, e.g. M. II, 230; Vism. 335. Of other single rogas we mention: kucchi° (stomach-ache) J. I, 243; ahivātaka° Vin. I, 78; J. II, 79; IV, 200; DhA. I, 231; paṇḍu° jaundice Vin. I, 206; J. II, 102; DhA. I, 25; tiṇapupphaka° hay-fever Miln. 216.—See also ātaṅka & ābādha. On roga in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 130. ‹-› D. I, 11, 73; III, 182; S. III, 32; IV, 64; A. II, 128, 142 sq.; IV, 289, ; Nd1 486; Vism. 236 (as cause of death), 512 (in simile); VbhA. 88 (in sim. of dukkha etc.); ThA. 288; VvA. 6 (rogena phuṭṭha), 75 (sarīre r. uppajji); PvA. 86 (kacchu°), 212 (rogena abhibhūta).—Opp. aroga health: see sep.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rōga (रोग).—m (S) Disease or disorder; illness in general organic or functional. 2 A disease or a disorder. 3 A diseased part (of fruits, flowers &c.) Ex. agastyācē phulāntalī madhalī kāḍī tō rōga āhē tī kāḍhūna ṭāka. 4 Anything viewed as causing disease. Ex. hē dhaḍadhaḍīta kiḍakē tāndūḷa disatāta āṇi paikā kharcūna hā rōga kaśālā āṇalā. 5 Vexation at another's success or good fortune. 6 Applied to any person or beast viewed as hateful, nasty, troublesome, vile.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rōga (रोग).—m Disease. Vexation at another's success.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Roga (रोग).—[ruj-ghañ]

1) A disease, sickness, malady, distemper, infirmity; सन्तापयन्ति कमपथ्यभुजं न रोगाः (santāpayanti kamapathyabhujaṃ na rogāḥ) H.3.11; भोगे रोगभयम् (bhoge rogabhayam) Bhartṛhari 3.35.

2) A diseased spot.

3) Costus Speciosus (Mar. koṣṭha).

Derivable forms: rogaḥ (रोगः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Roga (रोग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Sickness, disease in general, or a disease. 2. A sort of Costus, (C. speciosus.) E. ruj to be or make sick, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Roga (रोग).—i. e. ruj + a, I. m. 1. Disease, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 244. 2. A sort of Costus, C. speciosus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Roga (रोग).—[masculine] infirmity, disease; sore place.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Roga (रोग):—m. (√1. ruj) ‘breaking up of strength’, disease, infirmity, sickness (also personified as an evil demon), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) a diseased spot, [Suśruta]

3) Costus Speciosus or Arabicus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Roga (रोग):—(gaḥ) 1. m. Sickness, disease; Costus speciosus.

[Sanskrit to German]

Roga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Roga (रोग) [Also spelled rog]:—(nm) a disease; illness, ailment, sickness; malady; affliction; ~[kara/kāraka/kārī] infectious, causing illness, sickening; ~[grasta] ailing; diseased, ill, sick; ~[nāśaka/hara/hārī] curative; cure; -[nidāna] diagnosis, pathogenesis; ~[nirodhī] prophylactic; ~[bhrama] hypochondria; ~[bhramī] hypochondriac; ~[mukti] cure; -[lakṣaṇa] symptom (of disease); ~[vāhaka] disease-carrier; —[kī jaḍa khāṃsī laḍāī kī jaḍa hāṃsī] jokes lie at the root of all conflicts as cough at the root of all physical ailments; —[pālanā] to knowingly own a malady; to develop an unhealthy habit.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rōga (ರೋಗ):—[noun] departure from health; impairment of normal physiological of affect a part or all of an organism or of normal psychological function of a person; illness; malady; sickness; a disease.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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