Rodhra: 15 definitions
Rodhra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
1) Rodhra (लोध्र) or Lodhra refers to the medicinal plant Symplocos racemosa Roxb., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Lodhra] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.
2) Rodhra (लोध्र) or Lodhra can also be identified with Symplocos paniculata (Thunb.) Miq.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Rodhra (रोध्र) refers to Symplocos racemosa and forms part of the cosmetics and personal decoration that was once commonly applied to one’s body in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Reference is made in the Nīlamata to various sorts of scents, perfumes, unguents, flowers and garlands. For example, Rodhra is referred to as an unguent (verse 423). Suśruta mentions it as antitodal (antidotal?) to the deranged Kapha etc., astringent in its properties, remover of vaginal and uterine disorder.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Rodhra (रोध्र) refers to the tree Symplocos rocemosa haying yellow leaves, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Venus also presides over simple silk, coloured silk, wollen cloth, white silk, Rodhra, Patra, Coca, nutmeg, Agaru, Vacā, Pippalī and sandal”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Rodhra (रोध्र) is a Sanskrit term which can mean
1) the lotus bark tree (Symplocos racemosa)
2) an offence, a sin.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Chinese mythology holds that the sun comes up far to the east, underneath a giant mulberry tree, which has one root but two mutually supporting trunks. This tree, the rodhra tree, has yellow flowers, like the color of the robe of the Law.
Biology (plants and animals)
Rodhra in Sanskrit is the name of a plant defined with Symplocos racemosa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Dicalix propinqus (Hance) Migo (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Sinensia (1934)
· Das Pflanzenreich (1901)
· Fl. Cambodge, Laos & Vietnam (1977)
· Helvetica Chimica Acta (2004)
· Journal of Botany, British and Foreign (1868)
· Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis (1906)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Rodhra, for example chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, extract dosage, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Rodhra (रोध्र).—A kind of tree (= lodhra q. v.).
-dhraḥ, -dhram Sin.
-dhram Offence, injury.
Derivable forms: rodhraḥ (रोध्रः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-dhraḥ) A tree, commonly Lod'h. n.
(-dhraṃ) 1. Offence, transgression. 2. Sin. E. rudh to obstruct, and ran aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Rodhra (रोध्र).—i. e. I. rudh + ra, n. 1. Sin. 2. Offence. Ii. Probably akin to rudhira, m. A tree, the bark of which is used in dyeing, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 29.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Rodhra (रोध्र).—[masculine] [Name] of a plant.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Rodhra (रोध्र):—m. ([probably] connected with rudhira) the tree Symplocos Racemosa (it has yellow flowers, and the red powder scattered during the Holī festival is prepared from its bark), [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira; Suśruta]
2) n. sin (also m.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) offence, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Rodhra (रोध्र):—(dhraḥ) 1. m. A lodh tree. n. Offence, transgression, sin.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) [noun] the tree Symplocos laurina of Symplocaceae family.
2) [noun] another tree Symplocos racemosa of the same family; lodh tree.
3) [noun] transgression of a divine law, ethical code, etc.; a sin.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Rodhradi, Rodhrapushpa, Rodhrapushpaka, Rodhrapushpini, Rodhrapuspah, Rodhrashuka.
Ends with: Shirodhra, Valkarodhra.
Full-text (+8): Lodhra, Rodhrashuka, Rodhrapushpaka, Rodhrapushpa, Rodhin, Rodhrapushpini, Rodhradi, Ambashthadi, Valkarodhra, Lodda, Lodha, Nyagrodhadi, Jatiphala, Kambala, Coca, Kausheyapatta, Candana, Bhrigu, Pippali, Agaru.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Rodhra, Rōdhra; (plurals include: Rodhras, Rōdhras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Cosmetics, Costumes and Ornaments in Ancient India (by Remadevi. O.)
1.12. Use of Lodhra < [Chapter 1 - Cosmetics]
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter X - Treatment of Pittaja Ophthalmia < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Chapter XXX - Treatment of an attack by Shakuni-graha < [Canto II - Kaumarabhritya-tantra (pediatrics, gynecology and pregnancy)]
Chapter XLV - Symptoms and Treatment of Hemorrhage (Rakta-pitta) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XXXVIII - Groups of drugs
Chapter XXV - Eight kinds of surgical operations
Chapter XLVI - Diet articles and regimen of diet
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 6: Dharmanātha’s initiation < [Chapter V - Śrī Dharmanāthacaritra]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Chapter 16 - On the planets (graha-bhaktiyoga)
Chapter 51 - Aṅga-vidyā (prediction through limbs)
Chapter 86 - Omens (1): General rules (śākuna)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)