Rogasprishta, Rogaspṛṣṭa, Roga-sprishta: 1 definition

Introduction

Introduction:

Rogasprishta means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Rogaspṛṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Rogasprsta or Rogasprishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (R) next»] — Rogasprishta in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Rogaspṛṣṭa (रोगस्पृष्ट) refers to “the sick” or “those who are afflicted with disease”.—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV), “then, amongst the beings of the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadāthu, the sick (rogaspṛṣṭā) recovered their health”. There are two kinds of sickness (roga, vyādhi). All kinds of illnesses are contracted as punishment (vipāka) of actions carried out in previous lifetimes.

In the present lifetime, all kinds of illnesses are also contracted following sudden cold (śīta), heat (uṣṇa) or wind (vāyu). In the present lifetime, sicknesses are of two types: i) internal sicknesses (ādhyātmika-roga): disturbances of the five internal organs, coagulation, sickness due to the stars, etc.; ii) external sicknesses (bāhya-roga): being crushed by a chariot, falling from a horse, being injured by weapons and other accidents of this kind.

What are the causes of sickness (roga-spṛṣṭa)? Answer. – For having devoted oneself in past lifetimes to all kinds of violence, e.g., beatings, pillage, imprisonment, etc., sicknesses are contracted in the course of the present lifetime. In the present lifetime, again all kinds of sickness are contracted due to lack of hygiene, wrong nourishment, irregularity of sleeping and rising. There are 404 different illnesses. These illnesses are cured by the Buddha’s miraculous powers (ṛddhibala).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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