Anupashyana, Anupaśyanā: 2 definitions

Introduction

Anupashyana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Anupaśyanā can be transliterated into English as Anupasyana or Anupashyana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Anupashyana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Anupaśyanā (अनुपश्यना, “contemplations”) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI).—

Among ordinary people (pṛthagjana), there are three kinds of contemplations (anupaśyanā). To try to escape from desire (kāma) and form (rūpa), they contemplate the coarseness (pāruṣya), deceitfulness (vañcana) and corruption (kaṣāya) of the desire realm (kāmadhātu) and the form realm (rūpadhātu).

Among the Buddha’s disciples, there are eight kinds of contemplations (anupaśyanā): for them, everything is impermanent (anitya), suffering (duḥkha), empty (śūnya), egoless (anātmaka), like a sickness (roga), an ulcer (gaṇḍa), like an arrow (śalya) stuck in one’s body, like an agony (agha).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Anupashyana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Anupaśyanā (अनुपश्यना).—(= Pali °passanā), viewing, considera- [Page030-a+ 71] tion: Śikṣāsamuccaya 232.7; 236.13; Kāśyapa Parivarta 95.2 ff.; Bodhisattvabhūmi 259.21 ff.; in all these in statements of the smṛtyupasthāna, q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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