Potika, Potikā, Poṭika: 8 definitions



Potika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Potika (पोतिक) refers to “corbels”. It is sculptured as a part of the pillar (stambha).

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Potikā (पोतिका, “bracket”).—Part of the standard pilaster;—Supporting the uttaras are potikās or brackets. On pillars four potikā arms branch out, at right angles to one another. Over pilasters four are visible at a free corner, three at an embedded corner, where a projection is not sufficiently deep for its rear bracket to show. In Drāviḍa temples virtually all pillars and pilasters have brackets: no other element is so universally present, apart from the shaft.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Potika (पोतिक).—Corbels or brackets are known by the name potikas. Bracket is an architectural member, which is functional in nature. It is placed above the shaft (daṇḍa) of the pillar (stambha) to provide additional support to the architrave (uttara). Brackets also help to a certain extent in the manipulation of the length of the architraves.

The brackets (potika), based on the shape of the carving are classified into different types like

  1. vṛttapotika (rounded),
  2. taraṅgapotika (wavy),
  3. puṣpapotika (flower shaped),
  4. ādhārapotika (bevel and tenon type),
  5. muṣṭibanda (voluted)
  6. and citrapotika (figural).

Corbels (potika) of the bhittipādas are sometimes functional and sometimes decorative. These corbels support the architrave above. In the projecting terminals of the wall the corbels are carved in the round projecting forward from the line of the wall

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Potikā (पोतिका) is another name for Śatāhvā, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.10-13 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Also see the description of the plant Miśreyā. Together with the names Potikā and Śatāhvā, there are a total of twenty-four Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

potika : (f.) the young of an animal.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Poṭika (पोटिक).—A boil, pustule.

Derivable forms: poṭikaḥ (पोटिकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Poṭika (पोटिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A boil.

--- OR ---

Potikā (पोतिका).—f.

(-kā) A potherb, (Basella rubra and lucida.) E. pūta nominal verb, to stink, aff. vun, fem. aff. ṭāṣ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Poṭikā (पोटिका):—[from poṭaka > poṭa] f. a species of plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Poṭika (पोटिक):—m. a pustule, boil, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Potikā (पोतिका):—[from potaka > pota] f. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) cloth, a garment

4) [v.s. ...] Basella Lucida or Rubra

5) [v.s. ...] Anethum Sowa

6) [v.s. ...] = mūlapotī

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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