Stanitakumara, Stanitakumāra, Stanita-kumara, Stanitakumārā: 5 definitions



Stanitakumara means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Stanitakumara in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Stanitakumāra (स्तनितकुमार) refers to a class of bhavanavāsin, which is a species of deva (gods), according to Jain cosmology. The bhavanavāsins or bhaumeyika gods (e.g. the Stanitas) have a princely appearance (kumāra) and live in palaces (bhavana) and the upper part of the uppermost hell (ratnaprabhā).

The stanitas have an associated caityavṛkṣa (sacred-tree) known as the Kadamba accoring to the Digambara and Vañjula according to Śvetāmbara. They are defined according to the cosmological texts, such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition, or the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Stanitakumāra (स्तनितकुमार) refers to “thundering youths” and represents on of the ten classes of “residential celestial beings” (bhavanavāsin), itself a category of devas (celestial beings), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.10. Who are called Stanitakumāra? The celestial beings that create sound are called thundering youths.

Who are the lords amongst the ‘thundering-youths’ (stanitakumāra) residential class of celestial beings? Sughoṣa and Prabhañjana are the two lords in the Thundering-youths residential celestial beings.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Stanitakumara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Stanitakumārā (स्तनितकुमारा).—(with Jainas) a particular class of gods.

Derivable forms: stanitakumārāḥ (स्तनितकुमाराः).

Stanitakumārā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms stanita and kumārā (कुमारा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stanitakumāra (स्तनितकुमार):—[=stanita-kumāra] [from stanita > stan] m. [plural] (with Jainas) a [particular] class of gods, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Stanitakumāra (स्तनितकुमार):—m. pl. bei den Jaina Bez. einer der zehn zu den Bhuvanādhīśa gezählten Klassen von Göttern [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 90.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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