Bhutayajna, aka: Bhūtayajña, Bhuta-yajna; 5 Definition(s)


Bhutayajna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ):—One of the five great sacrifices (pañcamahāyajña) to be performed by a householder, according to Manu. Bhūtayajña refers to the offering of oblations (bali) to the creatures.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ):—The offering of bali to the bhūtas is called Bhūtayajña - balirbhauto. The words baliharaṇam and prahuta are also indicates the same meaning. In this sacrifice, bali or the little food is offered scattering on the gr ound to the creatures. The bali is offered to all the gods, all directions, waters, pestle, trees etc. This is also thrown out into the air for all the gods, for the goblins roaming about by day and walk at night. Then it is offered to all the creatures and the remains in the southerly directions for the manes. Then the rest part of bali gently place on the ground for dogs, outcastes, caṇḍālas, the patients, crows and insects

In the Bhūtayajña, bali is offered on the ground instead of fire. But the bali, offered for Viśvadeva, is thrown up into the air. According to Manu, women should offer the dressed food as a bali without recitation of mantra in the evening - sāyantvannasya siddhasya patnymantraṃ baliṃ haret.

This sacrifice shows the responsibilities of a householder to the all beings. He must realize that he has to feed the gods, creatures, trees, manes. It increases his practice of kindness and consideratio n towards the social beings.

Source: Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Bhutayajna in Shaktism glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ):—One of the five Great-Sacrifices (pañchamahāyajña);—This sacrifice is intended to honor the animals and elements (bhūta). The fulfilment of these sacrifices (or, five debts) are presented as the duty of every human being. The five sacrifices are presided over by Chinnamastā (one of the ten mahāvidyās), who represents the power of the sacrifice (yajña).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Bhutayajna in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

(“sacrifice to creatures”) One of the five great sacrifices (panchamahayajna) that is prescribed in the texts on religous duty (Dharma Shastras). These five great sacrifices are daily religious observances for a “twice-born” house-holder, that is, a householder born into one of the three “twice-born” groups in Indian society—brahmin, kshatryya, and vaishya—who is eligible to receive the adolescent religious initiation known as the “second birth.” Each sacrifice (yajna) is directed toward a different class of beings, from the Ultimate Reality down to animals, and is satisfied by specific actions. The bhutayajna is directed toward animals and outcasts (and in some understandings, ghosts), and it is satisfied by putting out food for the to eat.

Source: Google Books: The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Bhutayajna in Marathi glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ).—n (S) The third of the five mahāyajña,--offering of food, out of the ready and waiting meal, to universal being (brahma) or (in the acceptation of some) to the world of the bhūta or demons. See pañcayajña. 2 Humorously. Making an offering to the five bhūtēṃ (material elements) of which one's body consists, i. e. taking the meal or eating. v kara.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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