Bhutayajna, Bhūtayajña, Bhuta-yajna: 15 definitions


Bhutayajna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bhutayajna in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ):—One of the five Great-Sacrifices (pañchamahāyajña);—This sacrifice is intended to honor the animals and elements (bhūta). The fulfilment of these sacrifices (or, five debts) are presented as the duty of every human being. The five sacrifices are presided over by Chinnamastā (one of the ten mahāvidyās), who represents the power of the sacrifice (yajña).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ):—One of the five great sacrifices (pañcamahāyajña) to be performed by a householder, according to Manu. Bhūtayajña refers to the offering of oblations (bali) to the creatures.

Source: Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita

Bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ):—The offering of bali to the bhūtas is called Bhūtayajña - balirbhauto. The words baliharaṇam and prahuta are also indicates the same meaning. In this sacrifice, bali or the little food is offered scattering on the gr ound to the creatures. The bali is offered to all the gods, all directions, waters, pestle, trees etc. This is also thrown out into the air for all the gods, for the goblins roaming about by day and walk at night. Then it is offered to all the creatures and the remains in the southerly directions for the manes. Then the rest part of bali gently place on the ground for dogs, outcastes, caṇḍālas, the patients, crows and insects

In the Bhūtayajña, bali is offered on the ground instead of fire. But the bali, offered for Viśvadeva, is thrown up into the air. According to Manu, women should offer the dressed food as a bali without recitation of mantra in the evening - sāyantvannasya siddhasya patnymantraṃ baliṃ haret.

This sacrifice shows the responsibilities of a householder to the all beings. He must realize that he has to feed the gods, creatures, trees, manes. It increases his practice of kindness and consideratio n towards the social beings.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaikhanasa Grhyasutra Bhasya (Critical Edition and Study)

Bhūtayajna (भूतयज्न) refers to the ritual of “pleasing the Bhūtas with offering” and represents one of the various rituals mentioned in the Vaikhānasagṛhyasūtra (viz., vaikhānasa-gṛhya-sūtra) which belongs to the Taittirīya school of the Black Yajurveda (kṛṣṇayajurveda).—The original Gṛhyasūtra of Vaikhanāsa consists of eleven chapters or “praśnas”. Each praśna is subdivided into sub-divisions called “khaṇḍa”. But only the first seven chapters deal with actual Gṛhyasūtra section. Bhūtayajna is one of the five pañcamahāyajñas.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bhutayajna in Vedanta glossary
Source: Pondicherry University: Consciousness in Viśiṣṭādvaita and Dvaita

Bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ) refers to the “duty towards sub-human creatures and nature” and represents one of the Pañcamahāyajñas or “five-fold duties” fulfilling which is part of the Kriyā (“action”) aspect of the spiritual disciplines (sādhana-saptaka), which are part of the religious practices of Rāmānuja’s ethics (sādhanās) for attaining liberation.—Action (kriyā) means that the devotee (mumukṣu) should fulfill the (pañcamahāyajñas).—Bhūtayajña refers to the duty towards sub-human creatures and nature. Animals and plants play a major role in human welfare. They are God’s creation. Their destruction and over-exploitation should be avoided and human beings should live in harmony with nature and one’s environment.

Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Bhutayajna in Hinduism glossary
Source: Google Books: The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism

Bhutayajna (“sacrifice to creatures”):—One of the five great sacrifices (panchamahayajna) that is prescribed in the texts on religous duty (Dharma Shastras). These five great sacrifices are daily religious observances for a “twice-born” house-holder, that is, a householder born into one of the three “twice-born” groups in Indian society—brahmin, kshatryya, and vaishya—who is eligible to receive the adolescent religious initiation known as the “second birth.” Each sacrifice (yajna) is directed toward a different class of beings, from the Ultimate Reality down to animals, and is satisfied by specific actions. The bhutayajna is directed toward animals and outcasts (and in some understandings, ghosts), and it is satisfied by putting out food for the to eat.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhutayajna in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ).—n (S) The third of the five mahāyajña,--offering of food, out of the ready and waiting meal, to universal being (brahma) or (in the acceptation of some) to the world of the bhūta or demons. See pañcayajña. 2 Humorously. Making an offering to the five bhūtēṃ (material elements) of which one's body consists, i. e. taking the meal or eating. v kara.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhutayajna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ).—an oblation or offering to all created beings, one of the five daily Yajñas to be performed by a householder.

Derivable forms: bhūtayajñaḥ (भूतयज्ञः).

Bhūtayajña is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhūta and yajña (यज्ञ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ).—m.

(-jñaḥ) 1. Offering viands, &c. to all created beings. 2. Worshipping evil spirits. E. bhūta and yajña sacrifice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ).—[masculine] oblation to all created beings.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ):—[=bhūta-yajña] [from bhūta > bhū] m. the offering of food etc. to all created beings (See mahā-yajña and bali, and cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India 421]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhūtayajña (भूतयज्ञ):—[bhūta-yajña] (jñaḥ) 1. m. Offering viands to all created beings.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhutayajna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhutayajna in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhūtayajña (ಭೂತಯಜ್ಞ):—[noun] an offering made to all the living beings, one of the five sacrifices that a householder has to observe daily.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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