Devayajna, Devayajña, Deva-yajna: 16 definitions


Devayajna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Devayajna in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Devayajña (देवयज्ञ):—One of the five Great-Sacrifices (pañchamahāyajña);—This sacrifice is intended to honor the gods, who represent the cosmic forces maintaining the harmony of the universe. The fulfilment of these sacrifices (or, five debts) are presented as the duty of every human being. The five sacrifices are presided over by Chinnamastā (one of the ten mahāvidyās), who represents the power of the sacrifice (yajña).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Devayajña (देवयज्ञ):—One of the five great sacrifices (pañcamahāyajña) to be performed by a householder, according to Manu. Devayajña refers to the performance of homa.

Source: Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita

Devayajña (देवयज्ञ):—According to Manusaṃhitā, performing of homa is called Devayajña - homo daivo. Through this sacrifice, the gods are worshipped by burnt oblations according to the rule - homoirdevān. Huta or the burnt oblations offered to the gods is also called Devayajña by the great sages. The twice born people shall offer oblations to the gods (Vaiśvadeva and the oth er gods) in the sacred domestic fire according to the rule of the Gṛhyasūtra

In the Manusaṃhitā, we found a list of deities to offer oblations. They are—Viśvadeva, Agni, Soma, Danvantari, Kuhu, Anumati, Prajāpati, Dyāvāpṛthivi, Sviṣṭakṛt etc. These gods are generally related to the nature. Through this, we learn to be harmony with the nature.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaikhanasa Grhyasutra Bhasya (Critical Edition and Study)

Devayajña (देवयज्ञ) refers to the ritual of “worshipping gods with cooked food” and represents one of the various rituals mentioned in the Vaikhānasagṛhyasūtra (viz., vaikhānasa-gṛhya-sūtra) which belongs to the Taittirīya school of the Black Yajurveda (kṛṣṇayajurveda).—The original Gṛhyasūtra of Vaikhanāsa consists of eleven chapters or “praśnas”. Each praśna is subdivided into sub-divisions called “khaṇḍa”. But only the first seven chapters deal with actual Gṛhyasūtra section. Devayajña is one of the five pañcamahāyajñas.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Devayajna in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Devayajña (देवयज्ञ) refers to “ceremonial sacrifices for the propitiation of gods”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.14.—Accordingly, “[...] this is called agniyajña in as much as it enters the sun during the day. The different sacrifices sthālīpāka etc. for the propitiation of Indra and other gods by offerings in the fire are called devayajña. The rites of caula (ceremony of tonsure) etc. are performed in the ordinary fire”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Deva-yajña.—(CII 4), offerings to gods; one of the five mahāyajñas. Note: deva-yajña is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Devayajna in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dēvayajña (देवयज्ञ).—n S Oblation of food (before beginning the meal) to the gods. The first of the five yajña. See pañcayajña.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dēvayajña (देवयज्ञ).—n Oblation of food to the gods.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Devayajna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Devayajña (देवयज्ञ).—a sacrifice to the superior gods made by oblations to fire, or through fire to the gods; (one of the five daily sacrifices of a Brāhmaṇa; see Ms.3.81,85 and pañcayajña also).

Derivable forms: devayajñaḥ (देवयज्ञः).

Devayajña is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and yajña (यज्ञ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devayajña (देवयज्ञ).—m.

(-jñaḥ) The Homa or burnt sacrifice. E. deva, and yajña sacrifice; the sacrifice appropriated to the gods.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devayajña (देवयज्ञ).—[masculine] sacrifice to the gods, [especially] a burnt sacrifice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Devayajña (देवयज्ञ):—[=deva-yajña] [from deva] m. sacrifice to the gods ([especially] the Homa or burnt s°, one of the 5 great oblations), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra] ? [Manu-smṛti]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a man (cf. daiva-yajñi).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devayajña (देवयज्ञ):—[deva-yajña] (jñaḥ) 1. m. Burnt-sacrifice.

[Sanskrit to German]

Devayajna in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Devayajna in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dēvayajña (ದೇವಯಜ್ಞ):—[noun] any of the sacrifices that a householder has to perform daily to propitiate gods.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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