Devayajna, aka: Devayajña, Deva-yajna; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Devayajna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Śāktism (Śākta philosophy)

Devayajña (देवयज्ञ):—One of the five Great-Sacrifices (pañchamahāyajña);—This sacrifice is intended to honor the gods, who represent the cosmic forces maintaining the harmony of the universe. The fulfilment of these sacrifices (or, five debts) are presented as the duty of every human being. The five sacrifices are presided over by Chinnamastā (one of the ten mahāvidyās), who represents the power of the sacrifice (yajña).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Śāktism book cover
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Śākta (शाक्त, shakta) or Śāktism (shaktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devī) is revered and worshipped. Śākta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Dharmaśāstra (religious law)

Devayajña (देवयज्ञ):—One of the five great sacrifices (pañcamahāyajña) to be performed by a householder, according to Manu. Devayajña refers to the performance of homa.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Devayajña (देवयज्ञ):—According to Manusaṃhitā, performing of homa is called Devayajña - homo daivo. Through this sacrifice, the gods are worshipped by burnt oblations according to the rule - homoirdevān. Huta or the burnt oblations offered to the gods is also called Devayajña by the great sages. The twice born people shall offer oblations to the gods (Vaiśvadeva and the oth er gods) in the sacred domestic fire according to the rule of the Gṛhyasūtra

In the Manusaṃhitā, we found a list of deities to offer oblations. They are—Viśvadeva, Agni, Soma, Danvantari, Kuhu, Anumati, Prajāpati, Dyāvāpṛthivi, Sviṣṭakṛt etc. These gods are generally related to the nature. Through this, we learn to be harmony with the nature.

(Source): Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita
Dharmaśāstra book cover
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Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

dēvayajña (देवयज्ञ).—n S Oblation of food (before beginning the meal) to the gods. The first of the five yajña. See pañcayajña.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dēvayajña (देवयज्ञ).—n Oblation of food to the gods.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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