Pancamrita, aka: Pañcāmṛta, Panca-amrita; 8 Definition(s)
Pancamrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Pañcāmṛta can be transliterated into English as Pancamrta or Pancamrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Panchamrita.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) or Pañcāmṛtatantra refers to one of the thirty-three Dakṣiṇatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Pañcāmṛta-tantra belonging to the Dakṣiṇa class.Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) refers to five items to be offered to the unmanifested deity during the ritual of “opening of the eyes”, according to Mānasāra chapter 70.—The five items, molasses, corn, milk, curdled milk and c1arified butter seem to indicate pañcāmṛta, the five sweet things. The correct list of these items has honey instead of corn. Instead of madhu, honey, the term śasya is found in the text (LXX, 53), whicb means corn in general. It a1so bas the meaning, “the produce or fnlit of a plant or tree”.Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) refers to five “ceremonial ablutions (snāna)”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.20 while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites.
The five ceremonial ablutions related to Pañcāmṛta are:—
- Payas-snāna (ceremonial ablution with milk);
- Dadhi-snāna (ceremonial ablution with curd);
- Ghṛta-snāna (ceremonial ablution with ghee);
- Madhu-snāna (ceremonial ablution with honey);
- Khaṇḍa-snāna (ceremonial ablution with sugar);
“The ceremonial ablution with milk shall be performed with the mantra ‘Payaḥ Pṛthivyām’ etc. The ceremonial ablution with curd shall be performed with the mantra ‘Dadhi Krāvṇaḥ’ etc. The ceremonial ablution with ghee shall be performed with the mantra ‘Ghṛtam Ghṛtayāvā’ etc. The ceremonial ablution with honey and Sugar candy shall be performed with three hymns beginning with ‘Madhuvātā, Madhu Naktam, Madhumānnaḥ’. Thus the Pañcāmṛta ablution is explained. Or the ablution with Pañcāmṛta can be performed with the Pādya mantra Namostu Nīlagrīvāya”.Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत).—Five kinds of nectar used to bathe Deity.Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Languages of India and abroad
pañcāmṛta (पंचामृत).—n (S) The five nectareous substances, viz. milk, curds, clarified butter, honey, sugar (paya, dadhi, ghṛta, madhu, śarkarā). In a mixture of these five elements of immortality an idol is bathed. Hence the phrase pañcāmṛtānnīṃ or pañcāmṛtēṃ nhāṇaṇēṃ. Ex. paya dadhi āṇi ghṛta || madhu śarkarā gaḍasaṃyukta || mūrtti nhāṇōni pañcāmṛtēṃ || abhiṣēka kariti maga tēvhāṃ ||. 2 A seasoning composed of chilies, tamarinds, cocoanut-milk, molasses, and oil. 3 Dainties, cates, delicious viands. Pr. jēvāyāsa paṃ0 añcavāyāsa khārēṃ- pāṇī. Pr. paṃ0 khāī tyāsa dēva dēī The rich are favored by Heaven.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
pañcāmṛta (पंचामृत).—n The five nectareous subs- tances, viz., milk, curds, clarifiedSource: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Search found 2 books and stories containing Pancamrita, Pañcāmṛta or Panca-amrita. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 62 - Kamalā Ekādaśī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 36 - The Vow of Pakṣavardhinī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 223 - Gem of a Formula < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 20 - Worshipping an earthen phallic image by chanting Vedic mantras < [Section 1 - Vidyeśvara-saṃhitā]
Chapter 50 - Śukra learns Mṛtasañjīvanī lore < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 32 - The rites for achieving worldly benefits < [Section 7.2 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (2)]