Pancamrita, Pañcāmṛta, Paṃcāmṛta, Panca-amrita: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Pancamrita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pañcāmṛta and Paṃcāmṛta can be transliterated into English as Pancamrta or Pancamrita or Pamcamrta or Pamcamrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchamrita.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत).—Five kinds of nectar used to bathe Deity.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) refers to the “five ambrosial ingredients” (yoghurt, milk, ghee, honey and sugar; used on special occasions for bathing śrī-guru or the deity) and represents one of the various ingredients used during worship, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—Pañcāmṛta consists of yoghurt, milk, ghee, honey and sugar.

In the absence of ghee, one can use parched rice (lāja).
In the absence of honey, one can use jaggery (guḍa).
In the absence of yoghurt, one can use milk.
In the absence of any items, one should meditate on the particular item and offer a flower or a tulasī leaf.
In the absence of flowers or tulasī leaves, when there is nothing available, one can compensate by using regular water to perform the worship.

Above each bowl of ingredients for the pañcāmṛta, one should chant the gopālamantra eight times, with the hand gesture known as the cakra-mudrā to protect it. [...] Before bathing the deity with pañcāmṛta, purify the articles by chanting the pañcāmṛta-śodhana-mantras.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra

Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) refers to five items to be offered to the unmanifested deity during the ritual of “opening of the eyes”, according to Mānasāra chapter 70.—The five items, molasses, corn, milk, curdled milk and c1arified butter seem to indicate pañcāmṛta, the five sweet things. The correct list of these items has honey instead of corn. Instead of madhu, honey, the term śasya is found in the text (LXX, 53), whicb means corn in general. It a1so bas the meaning, “the produce or fnlit of a plant or tree”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancamrita in Shaktism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) or Pañcāmṛtatantra refers to one of the thirty-three Dakṣiṇatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Pañcāmṛta-tantra belonging to the Dakṣiṇa class.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pancamrita in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) refers to five “ceremonial ablutions (snāna)”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.20 while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites.

The five ceremonial ablutions related to Pañcāmṛta are:—

  1. Payas-snāna (ceremonial ablution with milk);
  2. Dadhi-snāna (ceremonial ablution with curd);
  3. Ghṛta-snāna (ceremonial ablution with ghee);
  4. Madhu-snāna (ceremonial ablution with honey);
  5. Khaṇḍa-snāna (ceremonial ablution with sugar);

“The ceremonial ablution with milk shall be performed with the mantra ‘Payaḥ Pṛthivyām’ etc. The ceremonial ablution with curd shall be performed with the mantra ‘Dadhi Krāvṇaḥ’ etc. The ceremonial ablution with ghee shall be performed with the mantra ‘Ghṛtam Ghṛtayāvā’ etc. The ceremonial ablution with honey and Sugar candy shall be performed with three hymns beginning with ‘Madhuvātā, Madhu Naktam, Madhumānnaḥ’. Thus the Pañcāmṛta ablution is explained. Or the ablution with Pañcāmṛta can be performed with the Pādya mantra Namostu Nīlagrīvāya”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

1) Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) or Pañcāmṛtaparpaṭī refers to a type of Parpati medicine, according to the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3, grahaṇī: chronic diarrhoea).—Accordingly, “eight tolas of sulphur, four tolas of mercury, two tolas of iron, one tola of mica, and half a tola of, copper are to be rubbed together in an iron mortar to form a black powder, which is next to be transformed into a parpati, in the same way as ‘rasa-parpati’. Accompaniment, clarified butter and honey. This medicine cures grahani, aversion to food, vomiting, diarrhoea, fever, cough, hemeptosis, waste in early stage, and eye-diseases”.

2) Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) or Pañcāmṛtarasa also refers to an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 4, ajīrṇa: indigestion). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., pañcāmṛta-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancamrita in Vedanta glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study

Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) refers to that which is made of five components of milk, ghee, sugar (jaggery), curd and honey; each being considered akin to nectar.

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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Pancamrita in Ayurveda glossary
Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Paṃcāmṛta (पंचामृत):—Group of following five plants; Tinospora cordifolia, Tribulus terrestris, Asparagus racemosus, Sphaeranthus indicus, Asparagus adscendens

2) Group of following five substances Cow Ghee, Cow Yoghurt, Cow milk, Madhu(honey), Sharkara(sugarcane candy); Synonym of Divya Panchamrita

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancamrita in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) refers to the “five nectars”, according to the Mālatīmādhava chapter 5.—Accordingly, the female practitioner mentions that she can extract the so-called “five nectars” (pañcāmṛta), which are five vital essences of the human body. They have a powerful, invigorating effect (as one would expect from such a nectar), so much so that the female Kāpālika can fly a great distance in a few seconds.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) refers to the “five amṛtas” (i.e., sesame seed, rice, honey, ghee, and milk), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.15cd-18]—“[Mṛtyujit] instantly destroys fever as a result of an oblation into a fire fueled with milk tree wood (kṣīravṛkṣa-samidh-homa). This is the oblation that destroys all bad things. [It] consists of five amṛtas: sesame seed, rice, honey, ghee, and milk. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Pañcāmṛita (पञ्चामृइत) is used for offering during worship [i.e., pañcāmṛtādi sahita], according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pañca-amṛta.—(SITI), mixture of five objects for anointing idols, viz. banana, honey, sugar, ghee and grape. Note: pañca-amṛta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancamrita in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcāmṛta (पंचामृत).—n (S) The five nectareous substances, viz. milk, curds, clarified butter, honey, sugar (paya, dadhi, ghṛta, madhu, śarkarā). In a mixture of these five elements of immortality an idol is bathed. Hence the phrase pañcāmṛtānnīṃ or pañcāmṛtēṃ nhāṇaṇēṃ. Ex. paya dadhi āṇi ghṛta || madhu śarkarā gaḍasaṃyukta || mūrtti nhāṇōni pañcāmṛtēṃ || abhiṣēka kariti maga tēvhāṃ ||. 2 A seasoning composed of chilies, tamarinds, cocoanut-milk, molasses, and oil. 3 Dainties, cates, delicious viands. Pr. jēvāyāsa paṃ0 añcavāyāsa khārēṃ- pāṇī. Pr. paṃ0 khāī tyāsa dēva dēī The rich are favored by Heaven.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pañcāmṛta (पंचामृत).—n The five nectareous subs- tances, viz., milk, curds, clarified

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancamrita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत).—n.

(-taṃ) 1. A mixture of milk, curds, sugar, ghee, and honey. 2. The aggregate of any five drugs of supposed efficacy. E. pañca, and amṛta ambrosia.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत).—[neuter] sgl. & [plural] the five kinds of divine food or the five elements.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted in Ahalyākāmadhenu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत):—[from pañca] n. sg. and [plural] the 5 kinds of divine food (viz. milk, coagulated or sour milk, butter, honey, and sugar), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

2) [v.s. ...] the 5 elements, [Mālatīmādhava v, 2]

3) [v.s. ...] mfn. consisting of 5 ingredients (as a medicine), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. the aggregate of any 5 drugs of supposed efficacy, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a Tantra

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत):—[pañcā+mṛta] (taṃ) 1. n. A mixture of milk, curds, sugar, ghī and honey.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paṃcāmaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pancamrita in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancamrita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Paṃcāmṛta (पंचामृत) [Also spelled panchamrat]:—(nm) a mixture of milk, curd, sugar, ghee and honey.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancamrita in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcāmṛta (ಪಂಚಾಮೃತ):—

1) [noun] (pl.) the five things milk, sugar, ghee (clarified butter), curds and honey used to bathe an idol with.

2) [noun] a mixture of these things.

3) [noun] (fig.) that which gives one utmost pleasure.

4) [noun] (pl.) the five things derived from the cow milk, curds, clarified butter, urine and dung (held as auspicious).

5) [noun] ಪಾಲಿಗೆ ಬಂದದ್ದು ಪಂಚಾಮೃತ [palige bamdaddu pamcamrita] pālige bandaddu paṃcāmřta considering what one gets is satisfactory; a not being too ambitious or greedy.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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