Brahmayajna, aka: Brahmayajña, Brahma-yajna, Brahman-yajna; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Brahmayajna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[Brahmayajna in Shaktism glossaries]

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ):—One of the five Great-Sacrifices (pañchamahāyajña);—This sacrifice is intended to honor the Brahma, the Supreme being, through the study of the teachings of the sages (ṛṣi). The fulfilment of these sacrifices (or, five debts) are presented as the duty of every human being. The five sacrifices are presided over by Chinnamastā (one of the ten mahāvidyās), who represents the power of the sacrifice (yajña).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Brahmayajna in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ):—One of the five great sacrifices (pañcamahāyajña) to be performed by a householder, according to Manu. Brahmayajña refers to teaching and studying the Vedas.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ):—The daily teaching of Vedas by a householder is called Brahmayajña-adhyāpanaṃ brahmayajñah. Through this sacrifice, the ṛṣis are worshipped. It seems that a householder should study some sacred books to acquire knowledge thoroughly. It helps him to understand hi s position in the society as well as his duties in a broader way. The Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa is considered as the oldest work where brahmayajña is discussed. In this work, it is found that a hous eholder should read some other works besides the Veda. These are: Vedāṅga, Vidyā, Vākovākya, Itihāsa, Purāṇa, Gāthā and Nārāsaṃsī.

(Source): Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana

[Brahmayajna in Purana glossaries]

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ).—A special sacrifice to be performed by a Brāhmin only. The rules and rituals of the sacrifice are given below:—

The Brāhmaṇa should rinse his mouth three times. Then he should wipe his mouth twice and face once. Then he should take water in his hand and sprinkle it on his hands and legs, and then sprinkle it on his head, eyes, nose, ears, chest and forehead. After that uttering the name of the place, date, time, star etc. he should say to himself, "I am beginning to perform Brahmayajña." For this he should have to place two darbhas (grass—Poa cynosuroides) in his right hand, three in his left hand, one on the seat, one each on his Brahma-string (sacred string worn by brahmins), hair and legs, and then think of the time, place, etc. and say to himself, "I am about to perform Brahmayajña to please the gods known in the Sūktas (hymns in the Vedas) for the absolution of all my sins." Then recite Gāyatrī (spell) thrice. Then recite the following Vedic mantras or spells, in the order given: Mantras beginning with; "Agnimīle"; "Yadaṅga"; 'Agnirvai'; 'Mahāvratām'; 'Panthā etacca'; 'Saṃhitavidāmaghavat'; 'Mahāvratasya'; "Iṣe tvorjje", "Agna āyāhi" and śannodevīḥ." Then in conformity with the number of letters used, he should recite the grammatic Śutra known as Vṛddhirādaic. (Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 11).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ).—The sacrifice leading to mokṣa or salvation.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 14. 5.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Brahmayajna in Marathi glossaries]

brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ).—n S The study of the Vedas. 2 See ṛṣiyajña.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ).—n The study of the Vedas.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Brahmayajna in Sanskrit glossaries]

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ).—one of the five daily Yajñas or sacrifices (to be performed by a householder), teaching and reciting the Vedas; अध्यापनं ब्रह्मयज्ञः (adhyāpanaṃ brahmayajñaḥ) Ms.3.7 (adhyāpanaśabdena adhya- yanamapi gṛhyate Kull.)

Derivable forms: brahmayajñaḥ (ब्रह्मयज्ञः).

Brahmayajña is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms brahman and yajña (यज्ञ).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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