Brahmayajna, Brahmayajña, Brahma-yajna, Brahman-yajna: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Brahmayajna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Brahmayajna in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ):—One of the five Great-Sacrifices (pañchamahāyajña);—This sacrifice is intended to honor the Brahma, the Supreme being, through the study of the teachings of the sages (ṛṣi). The fulfilment of these sacrifices (or, five debts) are presented as the duty of every human being. The five sacrifices are presided over by Chinnamastā (one of the ten mahāvidyās), who represents the power of the sacrifice (yajña).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ):—One of the five great sacrifices (pañcamahāyajña) to be performed by a householder, according to Manu. Brahmayajña refers to teaching and studying the Vedas.

Source: Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ):—The daily teaching of Vedas by a householder is called Brahmayajña-adhyāpanaṃ brahmayajñah. Through this sacrifice, the ṛṣis are worshipped. It seems that a householder should study some sacred books to acquire knowledge thoroughly. It helps him to understand hi s position in the society as well as his duties in a broader way. The Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa is considered as the oldest work where brahmayajña is discussed. In this work, it is found that a hous eholder should read some other works besides the Veda. These are: Vedāṅga, Vidyā, Vākovākya, Itihāsa, Purāṇa, Gāthā and Nārāsaṃsī.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaikhanasa Grhyasutra Bhasya (Critical Edition and Study)

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ) refers to the ritual of “worshipping gods with water oblations” and represents one of the various rituals mentioned in the Vaikhānasagṛhyasūtra (viz., vaikhānasa-gṛhya-sūtra) which belongs to the Taittirīya school of the Black Yajurveda (kṛṣṇayajurveda).—The original Gṛhyasūtra of Vaikhanāsa consists of eleven chapters or “praśnas”. Each praśna is subdivided into sub-divisions called “khaṇḍa”. But only the first seven chapters deal with actual Gṛhyasūtra section. Brahmayajña is one of the five pañcamahāyajñas.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Brahmayajna in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ) refers to the “regular study of the Vedas”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.14.—Accordingly, “[...] the regular study of the Vedas is called brahmayajña. A Brahmin shall perform this constantly for the propitiation of gods. This is to be practised by all and hence no special rules are prescribed here”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ).—A special sacrifice to be performed by a Brāhmin only. The rules and rituals of the sacrifice are given below:—

The Brāhmaṇa should rinse his mouth three times. Then he should wipe his mouth twice and face once. Then he should take water in his hand and sprinkle it on his hands and legs, and then sprinkle it on his head, eyes, nose, ears, chest and forehead. After that uttering the name of the place, date, time, star etc. he should say to himself, "I am beginning to perform Brahmayajña." For this he should have to place two darbhas (grass—Poa cynosuroides) in his right hand, three in his left hand, one on the seat, one each on his Brahma-string (sacred string worn by brahmins), hair and legs, and then think of the time, place, etc. and say to himself, "I am about to perform Brahmayajña to please the gods known in the Sūktas (hymns in the Vedas) for the absolution of all my sins." Then recite Gāyatrī (spell) thrice. Then recite the following Vedic mantras or spells, in the order given: Mantras beginning with; "Agnimīle"; "Yadaṅga"; 'Agnirvai'; 'Mahāvratām'; 'Panthā etacca'; 'Saṃhitavidāmaghavat'; 'Mahāvratasya'; "Iṣe tvorjje", "Agna āyāhi" and śannodevīḥ." Then in conformity with the number of letters used, he should recite the grammatic Śutra known as Vṛddhirādaic. (Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 11).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ).—The sacrifice leading to mokṣa or salvation.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 14. 5.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Brahma-yajña.—(EI 22; CII 4), study of the Vedas; name of a mahāyajña. Note: brahma-yajña is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Brahmayajna in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ).—n S The study of the Vedas. 2 See ṛṣiyajña.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ).—n The study of the Vedas.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Brahmayajna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ).—one of the five daily Yajñas or sacrifices (to be performed by a householder), teaching and reciting the Vedas; अध्यापनं ब्रह्मयज्ञः (adhyāpanaṃ brahmayajñaḥ) Ms.3.7 (adhyāpanaśabdena adhya- yanamapi gṛhyate Kull.)

Derivable forms: brahmayajñaḥ (ब्रह्मयज्ञः).

Brahmayajña is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms brahman and yajña (यज्ञ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ).—m.

(-jñaḥ) The study of the Vedas. E. brahma a Veda or the Supreme being, and yajña sacrifice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ).—[masculine] the offering of prayer, the study or recital of the Veda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—sacred texts for daily recitation. L. 629. B. 1, 132. Oppert. 6393.
—Ṛv. Bp. 299.
—Sv. Oudh. Xiii, 28.

2) Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ):—Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 59.

3) Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ):—[dharma] Il. L.. 679. Śg. 1, 96.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ):—[=brahma-yajña] [from brahma > brahman] m. ‘Vedic offering’, recitation of portions of the Veda and sacred books at the Saṃdhyā, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra] etc. (one of the 5 Mahā-yajñas or great devotional acts, [Manu-smṛti iii, 69; 70]; cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 194; Religious Thought and Life in India 393])

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the sacred texts for daily recitation

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ):—(1. brahman + yajña) m. Andachtsopfer d. i. Hersagung eines heiligen Textes, heiliges Studium [Amarakoṣa 2, 7, 14.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 821.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 11, 5, 6, 1. 3.] yatsvādhyāyamadhīte sa yajñaḥ [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 3, 1, 3.] brahmayajño vā eṣa yatpūrveṣāṃ cayanam [MAITRYUP. 1, 1.] [MÜLLER, SL. 356. 458.] [Scholiast] zu [Prātiśākha zum Atharvaveda 4, 107.] adhyāpanaṃ yajñaḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch.3,70] [?(Oxforder Handschriften 267,b,42). Harivaṃśa 11695] (vgl. [11806).] [Oxforder Handschriften 12,b,19. 26. 85,a,39. 265,a,4. 276,b,23.] Neben japa [Mahīdhara] zu [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 32, 3.] saṃhitā [Scholiast] zu [Prātiśākhya zur Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 4, 175.] brahmayajñādividhi [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 135.] — Vgl. brahmasattra .

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Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ):—, yajñānāṃ brahmayajño ham sagt Kṛṣṇa [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 11, 16, 23.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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