Pancavarga, Pañcavarga, Pancan-varga, Pamcavarga: 11 definitions


Pancavarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchavarga.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Pañcavarga (शुद्धि, “five-fold group”) refers to “five kinds of spies”.

According to Medhātithi, they are as follows:

  1. a scholar,
  2. a fallen ascetic,
  3. a householder in distress,
  4. a merchant in trouble,
  5. and a hermit.

Alternatively, according to Uśanas, the five kind of spies may be as follows:

  1. kāpālika, beggar
  2. dāmbhika, the hypocrite,
  3. gṛhapati, the householder
  4. vaidehaka,
  5. and the disguised hermit;

The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.154)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Development of temple architecture in Southern Karnataka

Pañcavarga (पञ्चवर्ग).—Kāśyapaśilpa mentions only five major mouldings for the adhiṣṭāna. They are the upāna, jagati, kumuda, kampa (paṭṭi) and paṭṭikā. This is called as the pañcavarga. It is also mentioned that, those adhiṣṭānas which have the pañcavarga are the best adhiṣṭānas.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancavarga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcavarga (पञ्चवर्ग).—

1) an aggregate of five.

2) the five essential elements of the body.

3) the five organs of sense; संतुष्टपञ्चवर्गोऽहं लोकयात्रां प्रवाहये (saṃtuṣṭapañcavargo'haṃ lokayātrāṃ pravāhaye) Rām.2.19.27.

4) the five daily sacrifices enjoined to be performed by a Brāhmaṇa; cf. महायज्ञ (mahāyajña).

5) the five classes of spies (kāpaṭika, udāsthita, gṛhapativyañjana, vaidehikavyañjana and tāpasavyañjana); cf. Kull. on Manusmṛti 7.154.

Derivable forms: pañcavargaḥ (पञ्चवर्गः).

Pañcavarga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and varga (वर्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pañcavarga (पञ्चवर्ग).—(= Pali °vagga, Vin. i.319.30), con- sisting of a group of five; a quorum of five (monks), sufficient to perform ordination ‘in border countries’ in Pali, Vin. i.197.31, compare i.319.31: pañca-vargena (so, n!) gaṇena upa- saṃpadā (q.v.) Mahāvastu i.2.16; a quorum for performing pra- vāraṇā, Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.203.15—16, compare 204.18 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcavarga (पञ्चवर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) A class of five persons or things. E. pañca, and varga a class.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcavarga (पञ्चवर्ग).—[masculine] a group of five.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcavarga (पञ्चवर्ग):—[=pañca-varga] [from pañca] m. a class or group or series of 5 e.g. the 5 constituent elements of the body (cf. 1. dhātu), [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 118, 27]

2) [v.s. ...] the 5 classes of spies (viz. a pilgrim or rogue, an ascetic who has violated his vows, a distressed agriculturist, a decayed merchant, a fictitious devotee), [Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti vii, 154]

3) [v.s. ...] the 5 organs of sense, the 5 devotional acts etc. (also f(ī). )

4) [v.s. ...] also the square of five, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. proceeding in 5 lines or at, times, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcavarga (पञ्चवर्ग):—[pañca-varga] (rgaḥ) 1. m. A class of five.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pancavarga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancavarga in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcavarga (ಪಂಚವರ್ಗ):—

1) [noun] (gram.) (pl.) the five groups of five consonants each (kavarga, cavarga, ṭavarga, tavarga, and pavarga).

2) [noun] (pl.) five types of spies of a nation.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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