Pancavarga, aka: Pañcavarga, Pancan-varga; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pancavarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchavarga.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Pañcavarga (शुद्धि, “five-fold group”) refers to “five kinds of spies”.

According to Medhātithi, they are as follows:

  1. a scholar,
  2. a fallen ascetic,
  3. a householder in distress,
  4. a merchant in trouble,
  5. and a hermit.

Alternatively, according to Uśanas, the five kind of spies may be as follows:

  1. kāpālika, beggar
  2. dāmbhika, the hypocrite,
  3. gṛhapati, the householder
  4. vaidehaka,
  5. and the disguised hermit;

The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.154)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Pancavarga in Vastushastra glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pañcavarga (पञ्चवर्ग).—Kāśyapaśilpa mentions only five major mouldings for the adhiṣṭāna. They are the upāna, jagati, kumuda, kampa (paṭṭi) and paṭṭikā. This is called as the pañcavarga. It is also mentioned that, those adhiṣṭānas which have the pañcavarga are the best adhiṣṭānas.

Source: Shodhganga: Development of temple architecture in Southern Karnataka
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pancavarga in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pañcavarga (पञ्चवर्ग).—

1) an aggregate of five.

2) the five essential elements of the body.

3) the five organs of sense; संतुष्टपञ्चवर्गोऽहं लोकयात्रां प्रवाहये (saṃtuṣṭapañcavargo'haṃ lokayātrāṃ pravāhaye) Rām.2.19.27.

4) the five daily sacrifices enjoined to be performed by a Brāhmaṇa; cf. महायज्ञ (mahāyajña).

5) the five classes of spies (kāpaṭika, udāsthita, gṛhapativyañjana, vaidehikavyañjana and tāpasavyañjana); cf. Kull. on Ms.7.154.

Derivable forms: pañcavargaḥ (पञ्चवर्गः).

Pañcavarga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and varga (वर्ग).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcavarga (पञ्चवर्ग).—(= Pali °vagga, Vin. i.319.30), con- sisting of a group of five; a quorum of five (monks), sufficient to perform ordination ‘in border countries’ in Pali, Vin. i.197.31, compare i.319.31: pañca-vargena (so, n!) gaṇena upa- saṃpadā (q.v.) Mv i.2.16; a quorum for performing pra- vāraṇā, MSV ii.203.15—16, compare 204.18 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pañcavarga (पञ्चवर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) A class of five persons or things. E. pañca, and varga a class.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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