Pancamahabhuta, Pañcamahābhūta, Panca-mahabhuta, Pamcamahabhuta: 5 definitions


Pancamahabhuta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchamahabhuta.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Pancamahabhuta in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Hand book of domestic medicine: Basic principles of Āyurveda

From the Indian philosophical point of view all the matters of the universe are made up of 5 elements, collectively known as Pañca Mahābhūta (five basic elements). These are Ākāśa, Vāyu, Tejas, Jala and Pṛthvī.

Each of these can be perceived by its distinctive quality viz.

  1. Ākāśa by Sabda (sound),
  2. Vāyu by Sparśa (touch),
  3. Agni by Rūpa (colour),
  4. Jala by Rasa (taste)
  5. and Pṛthvī by Gandha (odour).
Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Pañcamahābhūta (पञ्चमहाभूत) refers to the give elements of which the universe is based on.—Life can be defined as the combination of śarīra (body), indriya (sense organs), sattva (manas) and Ātman (soul). The universe is based on the pañcamahābhūtas, viz. ākāśa, (space), pṛthvī (earth), vāyu (air), jala (water) and agni (fire). The Ayurvedic system says that the body is also pañcabhautika and the medicines i.e. plants and animals are also pañcabhautika. So the pañcabhautika-śarīra can be treated with pañcabhautika drug.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Pancamahabhuta in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Pañcamahābhūta (पञ्चमहाभूत).—The five gross elements: earth, water, fire, air and ether.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pancamahabhuta in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Pañcamahābhūta (पञ्चमहाभूत) or simply Mahābhūta refers to the “five great elements” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 39):

  1. pṛthvī (earth),
  2. āpas (water),
  3. tejas (fire),
  4. vāyu (wind),
  5. ākāśa (space).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., pañca-mahābhūta). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancamahabhuta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcamahābhūta (ಪಂಚಮಹಾಭೂತ):—[noun] = ಪಂಚಭೂತ [pamcabhuta].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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