Pancami, Pañcamī, Pamcami: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Pancami means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchami.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pañcamī (पञ्चमी).—An ancient river of Uttara Bhārata. People used to drink water from this river. Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pañcamī (पञ्चमी).—A name of Lalitā; a śaktī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 17. 18; 36. 25.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pāñcamī (पाञ्चमी) refers to one of the jātis (melodic class) related to the madhyama-grāma, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 28. It is therefore also known as pāñcamījāti. Jāti refers to a recognized melody-type and can be seen as a precursor to rāgas which replaced them.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 28.132-134, “ In the pañcamī-jāti, the aṃśa (key note) is ṛṣabha and pañcama, the apanyāsa (semi-terminal note) is ṛṣabha, pañcama and niṣāda, the nyāsa (terminal note) is pañcama; ṛṣabha and madhyama are dropped from it. The hexatonic (ṣāḍava / ṣāḍavita) and pentatonic treatments (auḍava / auḍavita) in it should be as in the madhyama. And ṣaḍja, gāndhāra and madhyama should be made weak (alpatva, i.e., reduced), and madhyama and ṛṣabha should come together (saṃcara) in it and go to gāndhāra, and niṣāda should also be made weak (i.e., reduced)”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Pañcamī (पञ्चमी).—The fifth case;ending of the fifth or ablative case as prescribed by rules of Pāṇini cf. अपादाने पञ्चमी (apādāne pañcamī), P. II. 3-7, 10, etc.

2) Pañcamī.—The imperative mood; cf. Kāt.III.1.18.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Pañcamī (पञ्चमी) refers to one of the various “lunar days” (tithi):—There are approximately 29.5 lunar days in a lunar month. The first fifteen days begin with the first phase of the waxing moon (pratipat) and end with the full moon (pūrṇimā). [...] In accordance with the lunar day, one would utter, [for example, pañcamī-tithau].

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pañcamī (पञ्चमी) refers to the “fifth” and represents one of the five-fold energy in Kula, according to the Kularatnapañcakāvatāra verse 1.16-23ab.—Accordingly, “Will, knowledge, action and bliss—the fifth (pañcamī)—is said to be Kuṇḍalī. That (reality), which has been explained in many ways, is the five-fold energy in Kula. O fair lady, know that (this) Kula teaching is internal and it pervades the entire universe along with the gods, demons and warlocks”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancami in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Pañcamī (पञ्चमी) refers to the “fifth” (Dhāraṇā), according to to verse 4.14d-15 of the Vasiṣṭhasaṃhitā.—Accordingly, “[The Yogin] will be liberated while alive and pass minimal urine and faeces after a year. This fifth (pañcamī) Dhāraṇā is said to destroy all suffering”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Pañcamī (पञ्चमी) is taken into consideration when ascertaining the recovery for a person to be bitten by snake, as taught in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—The malignant asterisms and baneful lunar phases and astral combinations, with reference to snake-bite, are discussed in the tail-end of the fourth Adhyāya. [...] The Kāśyapasaṃhitā mentions the following details regarding the Tithi (Date):—The pañcamī, ṣaṣṭhī, aṣṭamī and the day when there is no tithi of both the pakṣas bode well for recovery for a person to be bitten by snake. More so Dangerous are the pañcamī and trayodaśī of kṛṣṇapakṣa.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcamī (पंचमी).—f (S) The fifth day of either half-month. 2 In grammar. The fifth case.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pañcamī (पंचमी).—f The fifth day of either half- month. In grammar. The fifth case or the ablative.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcamī (पञ्चमी):—[from pañcama > pañca] a f. See below

2) [from pañca] b f. (of ma q.v.) the fifth day of the half month (sc. tithi), [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the 5th or ablative case (or its terminations), a word in the ablative, [Pāṇini 2-1, 12 etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a termination of the imperative, [Kātantra]

5) [v.s. ...] (in music) a [particular] Rāgiṇī or Mūrchanā

6) [v.s. ...] a brick having the length of 1/5 (of a Puruṣa), [Śulba-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] = pañcanī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of Draupadī (who was the wife of 5; cf. pāñcāli), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pañcamī (पञ्चमी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paṃcamī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Paṃcamī (पंचमी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Pañcamī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcami (ಪಂಚಮಿ):—[adjective] falling on, related to the fifth day of lunar fortnights.

--- OR ---

Paṃcami (ಪಂಚಮಿ):—

1) [noun] the fifth day of lunar fortnights.

2) [noun] the fifth day of the first fortnight in Śravaṇa, the fifth month in Hindu lunar calendar.

3) [noun] a festival observed on that day worshipping serpents.

4) [noun] the chequered cloth or board having sixty four squares of two alternate colours to play chess on.

5) [noun] (gram.) a case expressing removal, deprivation, direction from, source, cause or agency; the ablative case.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancami in Tamil glossary
Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Pañcami (பஞ்சமி) noun < pañcamī.

1. Fifth lunar day; ஐந்தாந் திதி. பஞ்சமிப்பெயர் படைத் துள திதி [ainthan thithi. panchamippeyar padaith thula thithi] (கம்பராமாயணம் மீட்சிப். [kambaramayanam midsip.] 140).

2. The last five of the 27 nakṣatras. See தனிஷ்டாபஞ்சமி. [thanishdapanchami.]

3. (Grammar) The fifth case; ஐந்தாம்வேற்றுமை. பஞ்சமியாகிய இன் ஐந்தாம் வேற்றுமையாம் [ainthamverrumai. panchamiyagiya in aintham verrumaiyam] (பிரயோகவிவேகம் [pirayogavivegam] 6, உரை [urai]).

4. Pārvatī; பார்வதி. [parvathi.] (நாமதீபநிகண்டு [namathipanigandu] 23.)

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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