Mishra, aka: Miśra; 5 Definition(s)


Mishra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Miśra can be transliterated into English as Misra or Mishra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Miśra (मिश्र) is a variation of Tin (Vaṅga), according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It is considered inferior over the other variation (khura) and not recommended for medicinal use. Tin itself is a metal (dhātu/loha) from the sub-group named Pūtiloha.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasashastra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Miśra (मिश्र) refers to one of the varieties of the catuṣpadā type of song, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31. Accordingly, “when in a song, the khañja and the natkuṭa have been mixed up, and it is sung in the tryasra or the caturasra tāla, it is called miśra (the mixed one)”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

1) Miśra (मिश्र, “mixed”) or kṣāyopaśamika refers to “destruction-cum-subsidence of karmas” and represents one of the five dispositions (thought-activities) of the soul, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.1. What is meant by mixed-disposition (miśra)? The subsidence-cum-destruction disposition is called mixed disposition.

2) Miśra (मिश्र, “mixed”) refers “living and non living being” to a category of yoni (nuclei), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.32.—The place of birth of a living being is called nucleus (nuclei is the plural). The nucleus is like a container. There are nine nuclei (yoni), eg., miśra. What is the meaning of mixed nucleus? The nucleus, which is a mix of partly cold and partly hot; or partly living and partly non living or partly covered and partly exposed, is called mixed nucleus.

What types of living beings have cold (śīta), hot (uṣṇa) and mixed (miśra) hot and cold nuclei? Some have cold, hot or mixed nuclei. The celestial and infernal beings have cold or hot and cold-hot nuclei. Those with hot body (fire body) take their rise from hot nuclei. Those who possess their body of heat have hot nuclei. All others, besides celestial, infernal and fire body have mixed or cold-hot nuclei.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

miśra (मिश्र).—m (S) The name of a country and of a tribe of Brahmans belonging to it.

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miśra (मिश्र) [or मिश्रित, miśrita].—p (S) Mixed, mingled, blended. 2 In arithmetic. Added.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

miśra (मिश्र).—p Mixed. Added.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 55 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mandana Mishra
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Dāmodara-miśra (दामोदर-मिश्र) or Dāmodaramiśra (C. 1501-1600 C.E.), author of Vāṇībhūṣaṇa ...
Harivyāsamiśra (हरिव्यासमिश्र) or Harivyāsa Miśra (C. 1574 C.E.) has composed the text Vṛttamuk...
Audārikamiśra (औदारिकमिश्र).—One of the seven types kāyayoga (body activities);—What is meant b...
Vaikriyakamiśra (वैक्रियकमिश्र).—One of the seven types kāyayoga (body activities);—What is mea...
Āhārakamiśra (आहारकमिश्र).—One of the seven types kāyayoga (body activities);—What is meant by ...
Mishra Apurnanka
miśra apūrṇāṅka (मिश्र अपूर्णांक).—m pl Mixed fractions.
Miśraloha (मिश्रलोह):—One of the three sub-groups of Dhātu/Loha (“metal”), according t...
Vacaspati Mishra
Vācaspati Miśra, c. 10th century CE, was a gṛhastha scholar from the Mithilā region in moder...
Vaṅga (वङ्ग) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Vaṅga...
Vācaspati Miśra (900–980 CE) was an Indian philosopher who founded one of the main Adv...
Śīta (शीत, “cool”) refers to one of the “eleven tangibles” (spraṣṭavya) as defined in the Dharm...
1) Karma (कर्म, “deeds”) or Karmavaśitā refers to the “mastery of aspiration” and represents on...
Dhātu (धातु).—A word which denotes action and result. The Pāṇinian dhātupāṭha includes about 22...
bhamati : (bham + a) revolves; whirls about; roams.

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