Mithuna; 6 Definition(s)


Mithuna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[Mithuna in Vastushastra glossaries]

Mithuna (मिथुन) corresponds with the Gemini zodiac sign and refers to the third of twelve rāśi (zodiacal sign), according to the Mānasāra. Rāśi is one of the three alternative principles, besides the six āyādiṣaḍvarga, used to constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular rāśi (eg., mithuna) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). All twelve rāśis, except the eighth (vṛścika) are auspicious.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Mithuna in Jainism glossaries]

Mithuna (मिथुन) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.15.—What is meant by mithuna? The union of male and female is called mithuna. What is meant by maithuna /copulation? The indulgence of man and woman in lustful activity owing to the rise of conducts deluding karmas.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Mithuna in Pali glossaries]

mithuna : (nt.) a pair of a male and a female.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Mithuna in Marathi glossaries]

mithuna (मिथुन).—n (S) Congress of the sexes. 2 m A sign of the Zodiac, Gemini. 3 n A couple or pair, a brace (male and female).

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mithuna (मिथुन).—n A couple. m A sign of Gemini.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Mithuna in Sanskrit glossaries]

Mithuna (मिथुन).—a. [mith-unan kicca Uṇ.3.55] Paired, forming a pair, or couple.

-naḥ Ved. A pair, couple.

-nam 1 A pair, couple; मिथुनं परिकल्पितं त्वया सहकारः फलिनी च नन्विमौ (mithunaṃ parikalpitaṃ tvayā sahakāraḥ phalinī ca nanvimau) R.8.61; Me.18; U.2.5.

2) Twins.

3) Union, junction.

4) Sexual union, copulation, cohabitation

5) The third sign of the zodiac, Gemini.

6) (In gram.) A root compounded with a preposition.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 28 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Anyonyamithuna (अन्योन्यमिथुन).—mutual union. Derivable forms: anyonyamithunam (अन्योन्यमिथुनम्...
Nṛmithuna (नृमिथुन).—the sign Gemini (twins) of the zodiac. Derivable forms: nṛmithunam (नृमिथु...
Mithunavratin (मिथुनव्रतिन्).—a. practising cohabitation.Mithunavratin is a Sanskrit compound c...
Mithunayamaka (मिथुनयमक).—a particular kind of यमक (yamaka); cf. Bk.1.12. Derivable forms: mith...
Mithunabhāva (मिथुनभाव).—1) forming a couple, state of being a pair. 2) copulation. Derivable f...
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1) Kṛttikā (कृत्तिका).—When Subrahmaṇya was born the Devas deputed six mothers to breast-feed h...
Maithuna (मैथुन, “copulation”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.15, “copulation i...
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