Mithuna: 19 definitions


Mithuna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Mithun.

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In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Mithuna (मिथुन) corresponds with the Gemini zodiac sign and refers to the third of twelve rāśi (zodiacal sign), according to the Mānasāra. Rāśi is one of the three alternative principles, besides the six āyādiṣaḍvarga, used to constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular rāśi (e.g., mithuna) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). All twelve rāśis, except the eighth (vṛścika) are auspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Mithuna (मिथुन) corresponds to “gemini” (mid June to mid July) and refers to one of the zodiac signs (rāśī) in the Vedic calendar.—Rāśī refers to the different signs of the zodiac through which the sun travels. For precise dates, please refer to a Vedic calendar. In accordance with the zodiac sign the sun is situated in, one would utter [for example, mithuna-rāśī sthite bhāskare]

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Mithuna (मिथुन) refers to the sign of Gemini, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Gemini (Mithuna), chaste women, princes, powerful petty chiefs, learned men, people living on the banks of the Yamunā and the rulers of Bahlikā and Matsya with their subjects will suffer miseries. If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Cancer (Karka) the Ābhīras, the Śabaras, the Pallavas, the Mallas, the Matsyas, the Kurus, the Śakas, the Pāñcālas and the Vikalās will be afflicted with miseries and food grains will be destroyed”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Mithuna (मिथुन) is the name of a Rāśi (zodiac sign) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Mithuna).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Mithuna (मिथुन) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.15.—What is meant by mithuna? The union of male and female is called mithuna. What is meant by maithuna /copulation? The indulgence of man and woman in lustful activity owing to the rise of conducts deluding karmas.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mithuna in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mithuna : (nt.) a pair of a male and a female.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mithuna (मिथुन).—n (S) Congress of the sexes. 2 m A sign of the Zodiac, Gemini. 3 n A couple or pair, a brace (male and female).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mithuna (मिथुन).—n A couple. m A sign of Gemini.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mithuna (मिथुन).—a. [mith-unan kicca Uṇādi-sūtra 3.55] Paired, forming a pair, or couple.

-naḥ Ved. A pair, couple.

-nam 1 A pair, couple; मिथुनं परिकल्पितं त्वया सहकारः फलिनी च नन्विमौ (mithunaṃ parikalpitaṃ tvayā sahakāraḥ phalinī ca nanvimau) R.8.61; Meghadūta 18; Uttararāmacarita 2.5.

2) Twins.

3) Union, junction.

4) Sexual union, copulation, cohabitation

5) The third sign of the zodiac, Gemini.

6) (In gram.) A root compounded with a preposition.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mithuna (मिथुन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A couple, a pair, a brace, male and female. 2. Copulation. 3. Union, junction. 4. Twins. 5. A root compounded with a preposition, (in gram.) m.

(-naḥ) The sign Gemini of the zodiac. E. mith to unite, unan Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mithuna (मिथुन).—[mith + una] (for + vana), I. n. 1. A couple, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 36, 8. 2. Copulation. 3. Union. Ii. m. The sign of the zodiac, Gemini.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mithuna (मिथुन).—[adjective] paired, forming a pair; [neuter] pair (male and female), twin couple, couple or pair i.[grammar] (in Veda mostly [masculine] [dual]); cohabitation, copulation, union, junction i.[grammar] Abstr. mithunatva [neuter], mithunabhāva [masculine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mithuna (मिथुन):—[from mith] a mf(ā)n. paired, forming a pair

2) [v.s. ...] m. a pair (male and female; but also ‘any couple or pair’ [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc., usually [dual number], in later language mostly n.; ifc. f(ā). )

3) [v.s. ...] n. pairing, copulation, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a pair or couple (= m.; but also ‘twins’), [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] (also m.) the sign of the zodiac Gemini or the third arc of 30 degrees in a circle, [Sūryasiddhānta; Varāha-mihira; Purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] the other part, complement or companion of anything, [Mahābhārata] (also applied to a kind of small statue at the entrance of a temple, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā])

7) [v.s. ...] honey and ghee, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) root compounded with a Preposition, [Siddhānta-kaumudī]

9) b etc. See p. 816, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mithuna (मिथुन):—(naṃ) 1. n. A couple; copulation; union. m. Gemini.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mithuna (मिथुन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Mihuṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mithuna in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mithuna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mithuna (मिथुन) [Also spelled mithun]:—(nm) a couple, pair; mating, (sexual) union; the third sign of the zodiac-Gemini; ~[nīkarana] mating.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mithuna (ಮಿಥುನ):—

1) [noun] two similar or corresponding things joined, associated or used together; a pair.

2) [noun] a pair of a male and a female.

3) [noun] two persons or animals born at the same birth; twins.

4) [noun] the act or an instance of sexual intercourse; coition.

5) [noun] (astron.) a northern constellation between Cancer and Taurus, containing the bright stars Castor and Pollux; Gemini.

6) [noun] (astrol.) the third sign of the zodiac; Gemini.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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